This comprehensive volume advances heterodox reconstructions of agrarian Marxism on the occasion of Marx’s 200th birth anniversary. While Marxists have long criticized ‘populists’ for ignoring capitalism and class, populists have charged Marxists with historical determinism. This ongoing debate has now reached something of an impasse, in part because new empirical work addressing the complex contemporary patterns and conjunctures of global agrarian capitalism offers exciting new horizons, along with new and generative theoretical reconstructions of Marxism itself. This book helps to point the way beyond this impasse, and illustrates that agrarian Marxism remains a dynamic theoretical program that offers powerful insights into agrarian change and politics in the twenty-first century.
This book was originally published as a special issue of The Journal of Peasant Studies.
1. Introduction: Agrarian Marxism Michael Levien, Michael Watts and Yan Hairong 2. An urban proletariat with peasant characteristics: land occupations and livestock raising in South Africa Ricardo Jacobs 3. ‘Hot chocolate’: financialized global value chains and cocoa production in Ecuador Thomas F. Purcell 4. Conjugated oppression within contemporary capitalism: class, caste, tribe and agrarian change in India Jens Lerche and Alpa Shah 5. Gender and class relations in rural India Smriti Rao 6. Custom and exploitation: rethinking the origins of the modern African chieftaincy in the political economy of colonialism Gavin Capps 7. Agrarian questions of labor in urban India: middle migrants, translocal householding and the intersectional politics of social reproduction Vinay Gidwani and Priti Ramamurthy 8. From South Africa to China: land, migrant labor and the semi-proletarian thesis revisited Shaohua Zhan and Ben Scully 9. The politics of classes of labour: fragmentation, reproduction zones and collective action in Karnataka, India Jonathan Pattenden 10. Social reproduction of ‘classes of labour’ in the rural areas of South Africa: contradictions and contestations Ben Cousins, Alex Dubb, Donna Hornby and Farai Mtero 11. Without the blanket of the land: agrarian change and biopolitics in post–Apartheid South Africa Andries du Toit 12. Marx and Chayanov at the margins: understanding agrarian change in Java Ben White 13. The ‘peasant problem’ in the Russian revolution(s), 1905–1929 Henry Bernstein