Agrippa II is the first comprehensive biography of the last descendant of Herod the Great to rule as a client king of Rome. Agrippa was the last king to assume responsibility for the management of the Temple in Jerusalem, and he ultimately saw its destruction in the Judaean-Roman War.
This study documents his life from a childhood spent at the Imperial court in Rome and rise to the position of client king of Rome under Claudius and Nero. It examines his role in the War during which he sided with Rome, and offers fresh insights into his failure to intervene to prevent the destruction of Jerusalem and its Sanctuary, as well as Agrippa’s encounter with nascent Christianity through his famous interview with the Apostle Paul. Also addressed is the vexed question of the obscurity into which Agrippa II has fallen, in sharp contrast with his sister Berenice, whose intimate relationship with Titus, the heir to the Roman throne, has fired the imagination of writers through the ages. This study also includes appendices surveying the coins issued in the name of Agrippa II and the inscriptions from his reign.
This volume will appeal to anyone studying Judaean-Roman relations and the Judaean-Roman War, as well as those working more broadly on Roman client kingship, and Rome’s eastern provinces. It covers topics that continue to attract general interest as well as stirring current scholarly debate.
List of Figures
List of Maps
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. The Reliability of Josephus As a Historical Source for Agrippa II
Chapter 3. Agrippa’s Early Years
Chapter 4. Agrippa II in His Patrimony
Chapter 5. Agrippa’s Address to the Population of Jerusalem
Chapter 6. Agrippa II in the Opening Phase of the Judaean-Roman War
Chapter 7. From the Campaigns of Vespasian and Titus to the Conclusion of the War
Chapter 8. Agrippa’s Activities in the Aftermath of the War
Chapter 9. Conclusions
Appendix A1. Inscriptions Relating to the Reign of Agrippa II (David F. Graf)
Appendix A2. The Coinage of Agrippa II