During the past 30 years, industrialization has fundamentally changed traditional rural life and agricultural practices in China. While the incomes of farmers have increased, serious issues have been raised concerning the environment, resource depletion, and food safety. In response, the Chinese government and Chinese scientists encouraged eco-agriculture, the practice of agroecology principles and philosophy, as a way to reduce the negative consequences of large-scale industrialized systems of farming.
Agroecology in China: Science, Practice, and Sustainable Management represents the work of experts and leaders who have taught, researched, and expanded Chinese agroecology and eco-agriculture for more than 30 years. It reviews decades of agricultural change to provide an integrated analysis of the progress of research and development in agroecological farming practices.
The book contains research on traditional and newly developed agricultural systems in China, including intercropping systems, rainfall harvest systems, and rice–duck, rice–fish, and rice–frog co-culture systems. It covers current eco-agriculture practices in the major regions of China according to climate conditions. The book closes with a discussion of the major technical approaches, necessary policy support, and possible major development stages that must occur to allow broader agroecological implementations toward the sustainability of future food systems in China.
Presenting eco-agriculture systems that are somewhat unique in comparison to those of the United States, Latin America, and Europe, Agroecology in China gives insight on how Chinese agroecologists, under the political and cultural systems specific to China, have created a strong foundation for ecologically sound agroecosystem design and management that can be applied and adapted to food systems elsewhere in the world. By using selected regional examinations of agroecological efforts in China as examples, this book provides models of how to conduct research on a broad range of agroecosystems found worldwide.
Table of Contents
Agroecology Development in China
AGROECOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE ON A CROP–FIELD SCALE
How Above- and Below-Ground Interspecific Interactions between Intercropped Species Contribute to Overyielding and Efficient Resource Utilization: A Review of Research in China
Li Long, Zhang Wei-Ping, and Zhang Li-Zhen
Effects of Reduced Nitrogen Application Rates and Soybean Intercropping on Sugarcane Fields in Southern China
Integrated Rice–Fish Agroecosystems in China
Rice–Duck Co-Culture in China and Its Ecological Relationships and Functions
Zhang Jiaen, Quan Guoming, Zhao Benliang, Liang Laiming, and Qin Zhong
Study of Non-Point-Source Pollution Control in Integrated Rice–Frog Agroecosystems
Cao Linkui and Zhang Hanlin
Research on and Application of Rice Allelopathy and Crop Allelopathic Autotoxicity in China
Lin Wenxiong, Fang Changxun, Wu Linkun, and Lin Sheng
Structure and Function of Grass-Covered Orchards in Fujian Province, China
Weng Boqi and Wang Yixiang
Ecological Effects of No-Tillage Rice in Middle and Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River
Li Chengfang and Cao Cougui
Framework for Conversion: Ecological Mechanisms and Regulation of Greenhouse Organic Vegetable Production in North China
Li Ji, Xu Ting, Han Hui, Ding Guochun, Li Yufei, Wang Xi, Yang Hefa, and Li Shengnan
REGIONAL ECO-AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE AND MANAGEMENT
Status quo and Development Policies of Organic Agriculture in China
Wu Wenliang, Qiao Yuhui, Meng Fanqiao, Li Ji, Guo Yanbin, and Li Huafen
Highly Efficient Utilization of Rainfall Promotes Dryland Agroecosystem Sustainable Development on the Loess Plateau
Li Fengmin and Guan Yu
Agroecology Research and Practice in the Oasis Region, Northwest China
Su Peixi and Xie Tingting
Ecological Agriculture on Arid, Sloped Land in Dry–Hot Yunnan Valley
Ji Zhonghua and Tan Fengxiao
Eco-Agricultural Practices of State Farms in Heilongjiang Province
Wang Hongyan, Wang Daqing, Dai Lin, Ying Nie, An Menglong, Xu Maomao, and Cao Can
Developing Agroecology Practice in Baiquan County
Development and Prospect of China’s Eco-Agriculture—Agroecology Practice
Wu Wenliang, Li Ji, Wang Jian, Zhao Guishen, Du Zhangliu, and Liang Long
Luo Shiming completed his undergraduate and graduate study at the South China Agricultural University in Guangzhou, where he later served as president for 11 years. He also studied agroecology at the Institute of Ecology, University of Georgia, United States. His textbook Agroecology has had great influence in agricultural universities in China since its first publication in 1987, and it is now approaching its fourth edition. His research has included the use of biodiversity in agriculture, energy flow and material circulation in agroecosystems, allelopathy, practical eco-agriculture systems in South China, and computer simulation of rice field systems and artificial wetland systems for wastewater treatment in agriculture. His work has earned several national and provincial awards in China, including China National Outstanding Professor, and an honorary doctoral degree from Pennsylvania State University. He has also been the executive vice president of the World Allelopathy Society, the first president of the Asian Allelopathy Society, president of the Agroecology Committee under the China Ecological Society, vice president of the China Ecology Society, and vice president of the China Agricultural Society.
Stephen R. Gliessman holds graduate degrees in botany, biology, and plant ecology from the University of California, Santa Barbara. He has more than 40 years of teaching, research, and production experience in the field of agroecology. He was the founding director of the agroecology program at the University of California, Santa Cruz, one of the first formal agroecology programs in the world. He is also the cofounder of the nonprofit Community Agroecology Network, Santa Cruz, California, and currently serves as president of its board of directors. His textbook Agroecology: The Ecology of Sustainable Food Systems is in its third edition and has been translated into many languages, and he is the editor of the international journal Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems.