Agrometeorology : Principles and Applications of Climate Studies in Agriculture book cover
1st Edition

Principles and Applications of Climate Studies in Agriculture

ISBN 9781560229728
Published April 14, 2004 by CRC Press
447 Pages

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Book Description

Learn how the climate can affect crop production!

Agrometeorology: Principles and Applications of Climate Studies in Agriculture is a much-needed reference resource on the practice of merging the science of meteorology with the service of agriculture. Written in a concise, straightforward style, the book presents examples of clinical applications (methods, techniques, models, and services) in varying climates and agricultural systems, documenting up-to-date research literature from around the world. Its systematic approach—different from most books on the subject—makes it an essential tool for teaching, planning, and practical use by working farmers, as it examines topics such as solar radiation, effective rain, drought monitoring, evapotranspiration, and remote sensing.

Agrometeorology: Principles and Applications of Climate Studies in Agriculture examines the developing discipline that international agencies such as the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have declared to be an important growth area in university education. A panel of academics, researchers, and practitioners explore the role of agrometeorology in optimum crop growth, from the interactions between meteorological and hydrological factors and agriculture, including horticulture, animal husbandry, and forestry. The book addresses pressing topics of agriculture resource utilization and management, such as regional and land use planning; soil and water conservation; frost; growing degree day; risk analysis of climate hazards; animal parasites; harvest forecasts; crop models; decision support systems (DSS); agroclimatological forecast; and the ecological and economic implications of climate change.

Agrometeorology: Principles and Applications of Climate Studies in Agriculture also addresses:

  • managing farm water resources
  • environmental temperature
  • planning for frost mitigation
  • photosynthetically active radiation (PAR)
  • thermoperiodism
  • managing the extremes—droughts and floods
  • using computers to manage agricultural systems
  • and much more!
The interdisciplinary focus and reader-friendly style of Agrometeorology: Principles and Applications of Climate Studies in Agriculture make the book invaluable to scientists, planners, and academics working in the major agricultural sciences, geography, natural resource studies, and meteorology.

Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Agrometeorology: Perspectives and Applications
  • Definition
  • A Holistic Science
  • Scope
  • Practical Utility
  • Chronology of Developments
  • Future Needs
  • Chapter 2. Solar Radiation and Its Role in Plant Growth
  • The Sun: The Source of Energy
  • Nature and Laws of Radiation
  • Earth’s Annual Global Mean Radiative Energy Budget
  • Solar Radiation and Crop Plants
  • Solar Radiation Interception by Plants
  • Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR)
  • Solar Radiation Use Efficiency
  • Chapter 3. Environmental Temperature and Crop Production
  • Soil Temperature
  • Air Temperature
  • Plant Injury Due to Sudden Changes in Temperature
  • Frost: Damage and Control
  • Thermoperiodism
  • Temperature As a Measure of Plant Growth and Development
  • Chapter 4. Climatological Methods for Managing Farm Water Resources
  • Water for Crop Production
  • Making Effective Use of Rainfall
  • Evaporation and Evapotranspiration
  • Water Use and Loss in Irrigation
  • Climatological Information in Improving Water-Use Efficiency (WUE)
  • Reducing Water Losses from Reservoirs
  • Chapter 5. Drought Monitoring and Planning for Mitigation
  • Definition of Drought
  • Meteorological Indicators of Drought
  • Drought Monitoring in Australia
  • Drought Exceptional Circumstances
  • Overview of Drought Assessment Methods
  • Meeting the Challenge: A Drought Mitigation Plan
  • Desertification
  • Chapter 6. Climate, Crop Pests, and Parasites of Animals
  • Role of Weather and Climate
  • Some Important Insect Pests of Crop Plants
  • Climate and Parasites of Animals
  • Helminth Parasites
  • Arthropod Parasites
  • Chapter 7. Remote-Sensing Applications in Agrometeorology
  • Spatial Information and the Environment
  • Remote Sensing
  • Remote Sensors and Instruments
  • Image Acquisition
  • Satellite Orbits for Remote Sensing
  • Geographic Information System (GIS)
  • Global Positioning System (GPS)
  • Remote-Sensing Applications
  • Chapter 8. Role of Computer Models in Managing Agricultural Systems
  • Modeling Biological Response to Weather Conditions
  • Models
  • Applications of Crop Models
  • Simulation Models Relevant to Australian Farming Systems
  • Decision Support Systems (DSS)
  • Chapter 9. Agroclimatological Services
  • Weather and Agriculture
  • Weather and Climate Forecasting
  • Tailoring Climate Information for Agriculture
  • Impacts of Weather on Specific Industries and the Role of Forecast Information
  • Agroclimatological Information Services in Australia
  • Use and Benefits of Climate Forecast Information
  • Toward Optimum Utilization of Climate Information and Forecast Products
  • Chapter 10. Using Climate Information to Improve Agricultural Systems
  • Setting the Platform—Property Planning
  • Sustainable Production—Setting the Enterprise Mix and Production Levels
  • Making Efficient Use of Rainfall
  • Developing Resilience
  • Managing the Extremes—Droughts and Floods
  • The Decision-Making Process—Dealing with Risk and Complexity
  • Providing Climate Technology to Farmers
  • Communicating New Ideas and Practices—Creating Change Through Adult Learning
  • Chapter 11. Climate Change and Its Impact on Agriculture
  • Climate Variability and Climate Change
  • Observed Change in Atmospheric Composition and Climate
  • Observed Impact of Climate Change
  • Future Scenarios of Climate Change
  • Impact of Climate Change on Hydrology and Water Resources
  • Impact of Climate Change on Crops
  • Impact of Climate Change on Livestock
  • References
  • Author Index
  • Subject Index

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