Over the last 50 years, Nepal has been considered an experiential model in determining the effectiveness and success of global human development strategies, both in theory and in practice. As such, it provides a rich array of in-depth case studies in both development success and failure. This edited collection examines these in order to propose a novel perspective on how human development occurs and how it can be aided and sustained.
Aid, Technology and Development: The lessons from Nepal champions plural rationality from both a theoretical and practical perspective in order to challenge and critique the status quo in human development understanding, while simultaneously presenting a concrete framework with which to aid citizen and governmental organisations in the galvanization of human development.
Including contributions by leading international social scientists and development practitioners throughout Nepal, this book will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners working in the field of foreign aid and development studies.
Part 1: The Dharma of Development: A Conceptual Framework
Chapter 1 The Dharma of Development (Michael Thompson, Dipak Gyawali and Marco Verweij)
Chapter 2 A Cultural Theory of How to Aid Development (Marco Verweij)
Chapter 3 The Arrested Success of Pro-Poor Initiatives in Democratic Nepal (Bihari Krishna Shrestha)Chapter 4 Trickle to Torrent to Irrelevance? Six Decades of Foreign Aid in Nepal (Sudhindra Sharma)
Part 2: The Case Studies
Chapter 5 Bhattedanda Milkway: Why a Climate- and Mountain-Friendly Technology Continues to Be Ignored (Madhukar Upadhya)
Chapter 6 Whither Electric Vehicles? (Ashok Raj Pandey)
Chapter 7 Micro and Small Hydro: Serial Leap-frogging to a Braver Nepal (Ajoy Karki)
Chapter 8 Large Hydro: Failures in Financial Engineering (Ratna Sansar Shrestha)
Chapter 9 Biogas: Buoyant or Bust? (Saroj Rai)
Chapter 10 Water Supply and Sanitation: Elusive Targets and Slippery Means (Anil Pokhrel)
Chapter 11 Community Forestry: Thwarting Desertification and Facing Second Generation Problems (Hemant Ojha)
Part 3: Beyond the Age of Aid
Chapter 12 Nepal's Experience of Foreign Aid, and How It Can Kick the Habit (Prakash Chandra Lohani)Chapter 13 Afterword: The Lessons from Nepal (Dipak Gyawali, Michael Thompson and Marco Verweij)
‘Development’ is one of those fields where technical-sounding terminology and dense bureaucratic jargon go along with multiple, conflicting and ever-shifting recipes for success, such as better-functioning markets, super-bureaucracies, strong ‘third sector’ organizations. Focusing on the critical case of Nepal, this interesting book argues that the conflicting development recipes map onto four fundamental and conflicting forms of social organization. And it offers a distinctive recipe of its own, arguing that what is needed for effective development is not more money but better social organization in the form of a mixture of those four approaches. Everyone interested in understanding how development fails and how to avoid the pitfalls of the past should read this book.
Christopher Hood, Oxford University, UK