1st Edition

Air, Gas, and Water Pollution Control Using Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Adsorbents

Edited By Tushar Kanti Sen Copyright 2017
    340 Pages 33 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    340 Pages 33 Color & 33 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Air and water pollution occurs when toxic pollutants of varying kinds (organic, inorganic, radioactive and so on) are directly or indirectly discharged into the environment without adequate treatment to remove these potential pollutants. There are a total of 13 book chapters in three sections contributed by significant number of expert authors around the world, aiming to provide scientific knowledge and up-to-date development of various solid wastes based cost-effective adsorbent materials and its sustainable application in the removal of contaminates/pollutants from air, gas and water.

    This book is useful for the professions, practicing engineers, scientists, researchers, academics and undergraduate and post-graduate students’ interest on this specific area.


    Key Features:

    • Exclusive compilation of information on use of industrial and agricultural waste based adsorbents for air and water pollution abatement.

    • Explores utilization of industrial solid wastes in adsorptive purification and agricultural and agricultural by-products in separation and purification.

    • Discusses cost-effective solid wastes based emerging adsorbents.

    • Alternative adsorbents in the removal of a wide range of contaminants and pollutants from water is proposed.

    • Includes performance of unit operations in waste effluents treatment.

    Section I: Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Based Adsorbents in Gas/Air Purification

    Chapter-1 Gaseous Pollutant Removal using Solid Wastes Adsorbents

    Sumathi Sethupathi, Lau Lee Chung, Muhammad Younas, Abdul Rahman Mohamed and Mohammed JK Bashir

    1.1. Introduction

    1.2. Industrial Waste

    1.3. Agricultural Waste

    1.4. Other Type of Waste

    1.5. The Pros and Cons of the Separation Technologies and Future Developments


    Chapter-2 Solid Waste Adsorbents for Volatile Organic Compounds Removal by Biofiltration

    Hussein Znad, Benjamin Alliss and Hari Vuthaluru

    2.1. Introduction: Background and Driving Factors

    2.2 Biofiltration Process

    2.3 Key Parameters affecting biofilter performance

    2.4 Solid waste adsorbents and the biofiltration process

    2.5 Modelling the solid phase adsorption

    2.6 Conclusions and Recommendations


    Chapter-3 CO2 Capture from Industrial Flue Gas: A Review

    Dipa das and B. C. Meikap

    3.1. Introduction

    3.2. CO2 capture technology

    3.3. CO2 separation technology

    3.4. Effect of amine functional group and structural properties of the adsorbents on CO2 adsorption

    3.5. Advantage and disadvantage of adsorption

    3.6. Treatment, and disposal of spent adsorbent (activated carbon)

    3.7. Conclusions


    Chapter-4 CO2 Capture by Calcium-Based Industrial Solid Wastes in Calcium Looping Process

    Yingjie Li, Xiaotong Ma, Lunbo Duan and Chunmei Li

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Calcium-Based Industrial Solid Wastes as CO2 Sorbents in Calcium Looping Process

    4.3 Effects of Reaction Conditions on CO2 Capture Performance of Calcium-Based Industrial Solid Wastes in Calcium Looping Process

    4.4 Enhancing CO2 Capture Performance of Calcium-Based Industrial Solid Wastes

    4.5 Co-adsorption of CO2 and Other Pollutants by Calcium-Based Industrial Solid Wastes

    4.6 Conclusions



    Section II: Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Based Adsorbents in Water Purification

    Chapter-5 Current Progresses on the Removal of Hazardous Pollutants from Water Using Agricultural Wastes

    Suryadi Ismadji, Felycia Edi Soetaredjo and Yi Hsu Ju

    5.1. Introduction

    5.2. Modification of agricultural wastes for adsorbents

    5.3. Environmental application

    5.4. Equilibrium, kinetics, and thermodynamic studies

    5.5. Future perspective

    5.6. Conclusion


    Chapter-6 Biosorption of Divalent Heavy Metals by Rice Husk: A Review

    Anteneh Mesfin Yeneneh, Tushar Kanti Sen, Thanabalam Murugesan and Eugene Hong

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Studies on chemically and thermally modified rice husk for biosorption of heavy metals.

    6.3 Studies on impact of various parameters on sorption capacity of rice husk

    6.4 Sorption isotherms

    6.5 Studies on kinetics of biosorption process by activated rice husk

    6.6 Thermodynamics of sorption

    6.7 Studies on co-ion effect

    6.8 Studies on column experiment

    6.9 Studies on mechanism of sorption.

    6.10 Studies on elution or recovery of sorbate (metal ions)

    6.11 Conclusion


    Chapter-7 Utilization of Red Mud for Environmental Applications

    Manoj Kumar Sahu and Raj Kishore Patel

    7.1. Introduction

    7.2. Utilization of red mud for waste water treatment

    7.3. Conclusion




    Chapter-8 Dolochar as a Low Cost Adsorbent for the Removal of Lead (II) From Aqueous Solution

    Gayatree Patra and B. C. Meikap

    8.1. Introduction

    8.2. Materials and methods

    8.3. Pore structure characterization

    8.4. Method of experiment

    8.5 Results and discussion

    8.6 Conclusion


    Chapter-9 A Review on Potential Reusability of Industrial Solid Waste as Adsorbent

    Gopinath Halder and Soumya Banerjee

    9.1 Introduction: Background and current scenario

    9.2 Industrial wastes an environmental concern

    9.3 Heavy metal pollution and its remediation

    9.4 Industrial solid wastes: An alternative solution

    9.5 Competitive removal of metal ions

    9.6 Cost incurred in using industrial solid wastes

    9.7 Toxicity analysis of industrial waste based adsorbents

    9.8 A Comparative analysis of heavy metal removal

    9.9 Air pollution: Emission of flue gas

    9.10 Possible remedies in flue gas treatment

    9.11 Implementation of industrial solid wastes towards flue gas remediation

    9.12 Conclusion: Recommendation and future aspect of industrial solid wastes


    Chapter- 10 A Review on Agricultural Solid Waste Materials as Potential Adsorbent for Copper (Cu2+) Ions From Water and Wastewater

    Mohd Rafatullah, Syed Zaghum Abbas, Akil Ahmad and David Lokhat

    10.1. Introduction

    10.2. Recent literature on activated carbon based on agricultural waste materials

    10.3. Recent literature on agricultural waste materials

    10.4. Conclusions



    Section III: Solid Wastes Based Emerging Adsorbents in Gaseous/Water purification

    Chapter-11 Mesoporous Adsorbents from Biomass: Opportunities and Challenges in Hydrothermal Treatment

    Akshay Jain, Kubilay Tekin and Srinivasan Madapusi

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Biomass and Biomass-Based Adsorbents

    11.3 Hydrothermal Carbonization – a promising tool for hydrochar synthesis

    11.4 Hydrochar formation, properties and applications

    11.5 Conclusions


    Chapter-12 Sustainable Biochars Derived From Various Agricultural Wastes for Removal of Methylene Green 5 from an Aqueous Solution: Adsorption Kinetics, Isotherms, Thermodynamics and Mechanisms

    Hai Nguyen Tran, Sheng-Jie You, Huan-Ping Chao and Ya-Fen Wang

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Materials and methods

    12.3 Results and discussion

    12.4 Conclusions


    Chapter-13 Impact of Surface Modification of Activated Carbon on BTEX Removal from Aqueous Solutions: A Review

    Hirra Anjum, Fareeda Chemat, Nirmala Gnanasundaram, Appusami Arunagiri and Thanabalan Murugesan

    13.1. Introduction

    13.2. Activated Carbon and its sources

    13.3. Conclusion and way forward




    Dr Tushar K Sen is a full time Associate Professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Curtin University, Perth Australia. Prior to joining Curtin, he worked at Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP), Malaysia and also worked with National Institute of Technology, Rourkela India. Dr Sen obtained his B.Sc. (Hons) B.Tech in Chemical Engineering from University of Calcutta, India and Master of Chemical Engineering from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India. He obtained his Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay, and Mumbai, India. He has over 25 years of teaching and research experience in Chemical Engineering. Dr Sen is continuously engaged in undergraduate and post-graduate teaching and learning, supervision, research activities of the Department of Chemical Engineering. Dr Sen has an excellent track record in the broad field of water research, wastewater treatment, adsorption at solid/liquid interface, anaerobic digestion and dewatering of wastewater sludge, rheology of colloidal slurry/sludge, colloids in groundwater contamination and in the field of separation processes. He has made significant contributions in the field of adsorption in water treatment, anaerobic digestion process and colloid and interface area. He has edited two research books, one on "physical, chemical and biological treatment processes for water and wastewater" and another on "clay minerals". Dr Sen is an Associate Editor of a scholarOne journal "Adsorption Sci. & Technology. He has developed many novel cost effective agricultural solid wastes based adsorbents and biomass based activated carbon, magnetic nanocomposites and their effective utilization in industrial wastewater treatment. Further, Dr Sen and his research group has also developed a novel sludge pre-treatment method which is a combination of microwave and ultra-sonication. Compared to all other pre-treatment methods studied (ultra sonication, microwave), this novel method has given the most promising results in terms of methane production, solids reduction and improved dewaterability. Currently Dr Sen and his research group is working on the rheological behaviours of wastewater treatment plant sludge and its implication on wastewater treatment process parameters optimization including conditioning polymer dose optimization. He has published over 145 research papers including book and book-chapters. Dr Sen has guided 8 Ph.Ds. and 1 M.Phil. and many Master by course work students. Currently, 5 Ph.D. students and many post-graduate /undergraduate students are working under him. He is a recipient of the HORN Scholarship-2014, 2012 Japan, "Ganga Ram Memorial Prize (Gold Medal)-2011, 2009" instituted by Institution of Engineers (India), "Certificate of Merit" in 2008 by the Institution of Engineers (India), "Shah-Schulman award, instituted by IIChE, India, and an Australian Academy of Science scientific visit Award-2011 for his outstanding contribution in research. He is also recipient of "University Gold Medal" from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India, "Visiting Fellowship" from ANU, Australia, "Visiting Professorship at University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan, Senior Research Fellowship" from MHRD, New Delhi, India, Travel award from AICTE, New Delhi respectively. He is also associate with many professional activities such as a regular reviewer of many international journals, journal editorial board members, session chair of international conferences and also life membership of many professional bodies including the I.Chem.E (U.K.), Adsorption Society, Australian Association of Engineering Education, Indian Institute of Chemical Engineers, Institution of Engineers (India), Indian Institute of Public Health Engineers, Computer Society of India, Indian Institute of Metals etc. Dr Sen gave many invited talks on adsorption, water and wastewater treatment processes in many Universities and in international conference platforms.