Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. It not only covers general modeling, monitoring, and characterization techniques but also includes field studies and cases that offer valuable insight into region-specific issues.
With contributions from a distinguished group of international experts, the book explores ways of controlling air pollution and mitigating its adverse effects on human health and the environment. Often taking a regional and global perspective, it discusses the monitoring and source characterization of air pollution, the theory and application of air quality modeling, health effects and risk assessment, and the environmental impacts of air pollution. The book also addresses air quality management and relevant policy issues.
Along with providing an understanding of the scientific basis of air pollution, this volume helps readers better appreciate social and environmental determinants of public health and apply country-based research evidence to reduce health disparities and environmental inequalities. It also encourages future research and policy action on the health and environmental consequences of air pollution from the local to global level.
Table of Contents
Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Concerns, Bhola R. Gurjar, Luisa T. Molina, and C.S.P. Ojha
Air Pollution Monitoring and Modeling
Air Pollution Monitoring and Source Characterization, Anita Lakhani, Rajasekhar Balasubramanian, and Bhola R. Gurjar
Air Pollution Modeling: Theory and Application, C.S.P. Ojha, Marcelo Mena, Sarath Guttikunda, Bhola R. Gurjar, and Wenfang Lei
Air Pollution and Health Effects
Indoor Air Pollution and Health Effects, Radha Goyal and Mukesh Khare
Effects of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Fuel Use on Women’s Health in India, Twisha Lahiri and Manas Ranjan Ray
Health Effects of Urban Air Pollution in India, Manas Ranjan Ray and Twisha Lahiri
Air Pollutants Exposure and Health Effects during the MILAGRO-MCMA 2006 Campaign, Horacio Tovalin, Olf Herbarth, Martha P. Sierra-Vargas, Bo Strandberg, Salvador Blanco, Libia Vega, Constantinos Sioutas, Juan José Hicks, Rubén Marroquín, Gustavo Acosta, Marco Guarneros, Vicente Hernández, Elizabeth Estrada-Muñiz, Ivonne Ma Olivares, Dora A. Pérez, Yessica D. Torres-Ramos, Frank Ulrich, Robyn Hudson, Ernesto Reyes, Tracy Rodríguez, Guillermo Elizondo, and Eliseo Cantellano
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Sources, Distribution, and Health Implications, Nirat Rajput and Anita Lakhani
Cellular Mechanisms behind Particulate Matter Air Pollution-Related Health Effects, Ernesto Alfaro-Moreno, Claudia García-Cuellar, Andrea De-Vizcaya-Ruiz, Leonora Rojas-Bracho, and Alvaro R. Osornio-Vargas
Health Risk Assessment and Management
Emission of Airborne Particulate Matter in Indoor Environments: Exposure and Risk Assessment, Rajasekhar Balasubramanian, See Siao Wei, and Sathrugnan Karthikeyan
Estimation of Health Impacts due to PM10 in Major Indian Cities, P. Nema and S.K. Goyal
Health Risk Assessment and Management for Air Toxics in Indian Environment, Manju Mohan and Bhola R. Gurjar
Air Quality Management: Techniques and Policy Aspects
The Economics of Air Pollution: Theories, Valuation Methods, and Policy Aspects, Dilek Demirbas
Elements of Air Quality Management: Atmospheric Science Tools for Developing Effective Policy, Jeffrey R. Brook, Michael D. Moran, William Pennell, and Lorraine Craig
Environmental Impacts of Air Pollution
Assessing Ground-Level Ozone (O3) Impacts to Crops in Parts of Asia and Southern Africa: The Regional Air Pollution in Developing Countries (RAPIDC) Crops Project, L.D. Emberson, P. Büker, M. Engardt, A.M. van Tienhoven, M. Agrawal, M. Zunckel, K. Hicks, H. Pleijel, N.T. Kim Oanh, L.P. Amgain, T. Islam, S.R.A. Shamsi, G.A.D. Perera, G.H.J. Krüger, and P.R. Smit
Impacts of Air Pollution on Ecosystem and Human Health: A Sustainability Perspective, Ioan Manuel Ciumasu and Naela Costica
Regional and Global Environmental Issues of Air Pollution, Luisa T. Molina and Bhola R. Gurjar
Bhola R. Gurjar is an associate professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology in Roorkee. Dr. Gurjar is also head of the Max Planck Partner Group for Megacities and Climate Change.
Luisa T. Molina is the principal research scientist in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dr. Molina is also president of the Molina Center for Energy and the Environment in La Jolla, California.
C.S.P. Ojha is a professor in the Department of Civil Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology in Roorkee.
… Though it provides short descriptive analyses of most of the fundamental topics, [the book’s] value lies more in demonstrating these topics in case studies, which are drawn from the US, India, and elsewhere. Additionally, the work introduces many new and often advanced methods and materials that explore, for example, topics in risk, economics, policy, and sustainability. Even experts in the field may be captivated by some of these new ideas. … the material is well organized with minimal overlap. Summing Up: Highly recommended.
—CHOICE, January 2011
This book provides an invaluable and timely contribution to the urgent environmental challenges facing our society today. As illustrated in the book, we need integrated, interdisciplinary approaches to address the effects of human-induced activities.
—From the Foreword by Mario J. Molina, co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry