Air Pollution and Its Impacts on U.S. National Parks: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Air Pollution and Its Impacts on U.S. National Parks

1st Edition

By Timothy J. Sullivan

CRC Press

638 pages | 35 Color Illus. | 198 B/W Illus.

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Description

A variety of air pollutants are emitted into the atmosphere from human-caused and natural emissions sources throughout the United States and elsewhere. These contaminants impact sensitive natural resources in wilderness, including the national parks. The system of national parks in the United States is among our greatest assets. This book provides a compilation and synthesis of current scientific understanding regarding the causes and effects of these pollutants within national park lands. It describes pollutant emissions, deposition, and exposures; it identifies the critical (tipping point) loads of pollutant deposition at which adverse impacts are manifested.

Reviews

"Dr Timothy Sullivan draws upon his long experience in the field of air pollution effects science and his thorough knowledge of research in the United States, Scandinavia, and throughout the world to provide an excellent review of the state of scientific understanding, including both the basic science and more advanced explanations. I highly recommend this book!"

—Harald U. Sverdrup, University of Iceland

"National Parks are treasured landscapes in the United States enjoyed by millions of people every year because they are protected, natural environments. However, while they are protected from local damage, they are under assault by external forces—the long range transport of air pollutants. The book, Air Pollution and Its Impacts on U.S. National Parks, does an excellent job of describing what these problems are and what has been and could be done to limit them."

—James Galloway, University of Virginia, USA

"The U.S. National Park system has often been described as our nation’s ‘crown jewels’. Stunning in their diversity, parks share the threat of being tarnished by an encroaching environmental issue – air pollution. Tim Sullivan does a masterful job of pulling together the rich literature on this topic into a single source. The book builds on a review of the scientific underpinnings of air pollution, including emissions, atmospheric transport, deposition, and environmental impacts, by presenting compelling case studies from parks across the country. Natural resources practitioners, students, and those in the general public who care about the fate of our National Parks will benefit from the insight from Tim Sullivan, who is an internationally recognized scientist."

— Todd M. Scanlon, University of Virginia, USA

Table of Contents

List of Figures.

List of Tables.

Preface.

Acronyms and Abbreviations.

Acknowledgments.

Author.

Introduction

References

Pollutant Exposure

Emissions

Deposition

Ozone Production and Dispersion

Mechanism of Exposure to Metals and Persistent Organic Pollutants

References

Impacts

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Critical Load and Exceedance

Ozone Exposure and Effects

Visibility Impairment

Effects of Exposure to Airborne Toxics

References

Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Appalachian Highlands Network

Introduction

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Summary

References.

Shenandoah National Park and the Mid-Atlantic Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Summary

References

Acadia National Park and the Northeast Temperate Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

South Florida/Caribbean Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Great Lakes Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Mammoth Cave National Park and the Cumberland Piedmont Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Northern Colorado Plateau Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Impairment

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

The Grand Canyon and the Southern Colorado Plateau Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Impairment

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Coast and Cascades Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Klamath Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Hawaii

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Sulfur Dioxide Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Summary

References

Mojave Desert

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Chihuahuan Desert

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Sierra Nevada Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Rocky Mountain and Glacier National Parks

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Greater Yellowstone Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Denali National Park and Central Alaska Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Arctic Network Parks

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Southeastern Alaska Network

Background

Atmospheric Emissions and Deposition

Acidification

Nutrient Nitrogen Enrichment

Ozone Injury to Vegetation

Visibility Degradation

Toxic Airborne Contaminants

Summary

References

Index

About the Author

Dr. Timothy Sullivan holds a B.A. in history from Stonehill College (1972), an M.A. in biology from Western State College, Colorado (1977), and a Ph.D. in biological sciences from Oregon State University (1983) through an interdisciplinary program that included areas of focus in ecology, zoology, and environmental chemistry. He did his postdoctoral research at the Center for Industrial Research in Oslo, Norway on surface and ground water acidification, episodic hydrologic processes, and aluminum biogeochemistry. His expertise includes the effects of air pollution on aquatic and terrestrial resources, watershed analysis, critical loads, ecosystem services, nutrient cycling, aquatic acid/base chemistry, episodic processes controlling surface water chemistry, and environmental assessment. He has been President of E&S Environmental Chemistry, Inc. since 1988. He has served as project manager and/or lead author for a wide variety of projects that have synthesized for diverse audiences complex air and water pollution effects science. He was project manager of the effort to draft a scientific summary and Integrated Scientific Assessment (ISA) of the effects of nitrogen and sulfur oxides on terrestrial, transitional, and aquatic ecosystem for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in support of its review of National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). He was author of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP) State of Science and Technology Report on past changes in surface

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
SCI031000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology