From the Foreword by Captain Daniel Maurino, ICAO: '...Air Traffic Control...will remain a technology-intensive system. People (controllers) must harmoniously interact with technology to contribute to achieve the aviation system’s goals of safe and efficient transportation of passengers and cargo...This book...considers human error and human factors from a contemporary and operational perspective and discusses the parts as well as the whole...I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I did.' The motivation for writing this book comes from the author’s long standing belief that the needs of Air Traffic Service personnel are inadequately represented in the aviation literature. There are few references to air traffic control in many of the books written for pilots and about pilots and this is also observed at the main international conferences. In line with the ICAO syllabus for human factors training for air traffic controllers, the book covers the main issues in air traffic control, with regard to human performance: physiology including stress, fatigue and shift work problems; psychology with emphasis on human error and its management, social psychology including issues of communication and working in teams, the environment including ergonomic principles and working with new technologies and hardware and software issues including the development of documentation and procedures and a study of the changes brought about by advanced technologies. Throughout the text there are actual examples taken from the air traffic control environment to illustrate the issues discussed. A full bibliography is included for those who want to read beyond these issues. It has been written for all in air traffic services, from ab initio to the boardroom; it is important that the men and women in senior management positions have some knowledge and awareness of the fundamental problems that limit and enhance human performance.
Table of Contents
Contents: Foreword by Captain Daniel Maurino. The need for human factors; Human error; Liveware: the controller; Liveware - liveware: social psychology and the controller; Liveware - software: procedures, documentation and the controller; Liveware - hardware: equipment and the controller; Liveware - environment: other factors and the controller; Test of the blind spot; Task/relationship questionnaire; Key to the countries in the Hofstede model; Bibliography; Index.
Dr Anne Isaac works with the human factors group at EUROCONTROL. Belgium. She previously lectured at Otago University and Massey University, School of Aviation, New Zealand. Her research work, for the last 16 years, has been concerned with human performance in ATC and focuses on imagery, mental models and error. She has been involved with training, incident investigation and other performance issues in both Australia and New Zealand and spent a year with Dedale in Paris developing the ATC Team Resource Management programme for Europe. Bert Ruitenberg has represented the International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations (IFATCA) in the human factors field since 1992. He is a regular speaker at human factors conferences, seminars and symposia organized by the aviation industry (eg ICAO, EUROCONTROL) and the scientific community (eg Ohio State University, Australian Aviation Psychology Association). He works as an air traffic controller at Schiphol Airport (tower and approach radar control), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
’The blend of academic insight and practical experience contained in this book is essential reading for everyone connected with the operation of aircraft and air traffic control systems...first class contribution to the understanding of human performance and underlying causes of human error in the field of air traffic control. I recommend this book to those at all levels, from ab-initio trainees through seasoned controllers to management and the policy makers who have a genuine interest in flight safety...pilots and all ground support personnel could well gain much from this book.’ Journal of Professional Aviation Training ’...readers who were previously familiar with only the flight deck environment would gain another perspective by reading this book. Those involved with the investigation of Air Traffic Control incidents could benefit by considering the author’s thoughts for applying the Reason model to the ATC world.’ Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine ’The book has been written to appeal to a cross-section of readers, from ab initio controller to senior air traffic services management and will be useful for those people who have a more general interest in air traffic services and human factors.’ The Aerospace Professional ’An excellent text...The book contains a great deal of interest, not only to those working in air safety, but also for the general public. It is well written and clear.’ Accident Analysis and Prevention ’...a very comprehensive and informative book ...I do not hesitate to call this book a milestone...should be mandatory reading for controllers, management and the high-level decision makers.’ The Controller ’This book should appeal to a wide audience, from students in human systems design, aircrew and air traffic controllers, to management personnel in ATC and other related services...an important addition to the literature on human error management and aviation systems safety.’ Canadian Aeronautics