Assessment, Prediction and Control
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Aircraft noise has adverse impacts on passengers, airport staff and people living near airports, it thus limits the capacity of regional and international airports throughout the world. Reducing perceived noise of aircraft involves reduction of noise at source, along the propagation path and at the receiver.
Effective noise control demands highly skilled and knowledgeable engineers. This book is for them. It shows you how accurate and reliable information about aircraft noise levels can be gained by calculations using appropriate generation and propagation models, or by measurements with effective monitoring systems. It also explains how to allow for atmospheric conditions, natural and artificial topography as well as detailing necessary measurement techniques.
Table of Contents
A review of the aircraft noise problem
Environmental impacts of airports
Description of aircraft noise
Criteria and methods of aircraft noise assessment
Control of noise impact
Regulations and standards for aircraft noise
The main sources of aircraft noise
Fan and turbine noise
Combustion chamber noise
Propeller and helicopter noise
Aircraft noise propagation
Factors influencing outdoor sound
Predicting the ground effect
Comparisons of measured and predicted ground effects
Classification of meteorological effects
Typical sound speed profiles
Sound propagation in a turbulent atmosphere
Sound propagation over noise barriers
Sound propagation through trees
Methods for aircraft noise prediction
An acoustic model of an aircraft
Evaluation of an acoustic model of an aircraft
Prediction of noise under the flight path: trajectory models
Effects of ground, atmosphere and shielding by wing and fuselage
Prediction of aircraft noise during ground operations
Prediction of noise in the vicinity of an airport
The influence of operational factors on aircraft noise levels
Aircraft on the ground
Under the flight path
Takeoff and climbing
Descent and landing
Methods of aircraft noise reduction
Reduction of noise at source
Noise reduction under the flight path
Noise reduction in the vicinity of an airport
The efficiency of acoustic screens for reducing noise from airport ground operations
Reduction of noise impact by optimum scheduling of aircraft operations
Monitoring of aircraft noise
Reasons for noise monitoring
Instrumentation for aircraft noise monitoring
Uncertainties in measurements and predictions
Identifying sources of noise events
Interdependencies and tradeoffs between noise and other environmental factors associated with civil aviation
Oleksandr Zaporozhets and Vadim Tokarev are Professors at the National Aviation University of the Ukraine. They were awarded a silver medal for achieving success in the development of a national economy of the USSR in 1987.
Keith Attenborough is Research Professor in Acoustics at the Open University, Education Manager of the (UK) Institute of Acoustics, and former Editor-in-Chief of Applied Acoustics. In 1996 he received the Rayleigh gold medal from the Institute of Acoustics and is an Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Acoustics and a Fellow of the Acoustical Society of America.
"This book reflects decades of experience and investigations of the authors in the various fields of aviation acoustics and its effects on the surrounding environment... the book is absolutely recommended for its completeness and its unique approach in describing both the aircrafts as noise sources and the impact of airports on the environment while also giving suggestions on how to mitigate these problems and how to monitor and keep them under control."
—International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2014
This book is striking as an in-depth compilation of the vast knowledge gained by the two lead authors.
—Noise Control Engineering Journal
…a useful overview of the tools needed for managing and monitoring aircraft noise impact.
—The Aeronautical Journal January 2013