Aircraft Propulsion: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Aircraft Propulsion

1st Edition

Edited by V. Babu

CRC Press

212 pages

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Hardback: 9781439812716
pub: 2009-06-09
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Description

This book focuses on fundamental concepts in propulsion—particularly gas dynamics, turbomachinery and combustion—and theoretical and practical design aspects of aircraft engines and thermodynamic aspects and analysis. Its pedagogical format enables readers to learn concepts and problem solving and analysis techniques and then use worked examples to understand their application to practical situations in propulsion. Some exercises use thrust calculations based exclusively on military and commercial aircraft engines. The book also introduces advanced concepts on ramjets and scramjets to facilitate advanced studies in propulsion. Written for undergraduate and first-year postgraduate students in mechanical and aerospace engineering, this book is also useful for scientists and engineers working in aerospace propulsion and gas dynamics.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Thrust

Modes of thrust generation

Types of aircraft engines

Basics of Compressible One Dimensional Flows

Compressibility of Fluids

Compressible and Incompressible Flows

Perfect Gas Equation of State

Calorically Perfect Gas

Governing Equations

Acoustic Wave Propagation Speed

Reference States

T-s Diagrams in Compressible Flows

Exercises

Basics of Turbomachinery

Euler’s turbomachinery equation

Relationship between the fluid mechanics and thermodynamics of turbomachinery process

Blade design parameters

Multi stage turbomachines

Exercises

Basics of Combustion Thermodynamics

Enthalpy of formation and sensible enthalpy

Properties of ideal gas mixtures

Combustion stoichiometry

Enthalpy of combustion and calorific value

Adiabatic flame temperature

Fuels and their properties

Exercises

The Turbojet Engine

Operation of a Turbojet Engine

Afterburning Turbojet Engine

The Turbofan Engine

Concept of Bypass Engine

Transonic Fan Stage

Operation of a turbofan engine

Thrust Calculations

Derivation of expression for thrust and TSFC

Thermodynamics of an ideal turbojet engine

Thermodynamics of an ideal turbojet engine with afterburning

Component efficiencies

Calculation of thrust and TSFC for a turbojet engine

Thermodynamics of an ideal turbofan engine

Component efficiency – turbofan engine

Calculation of thrust and TSFC for a twin spool turbofan engine

Exercises

Ramjet and Scramjet Engine

Supersonic intakes

Ramjet engine

Scramjet engine

About the Editor

Dr. V. Babu is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at IIT Madras. He received his B.E. in Mechanical Engineering from REC Trichy in 1985 and Ph. D from the Ohio State University in 1991. He worked as a Post-Doctoral researcher at the Ohio State University from 1991 to 1995. He was a Technical Specialist at the Ford Scientific research Lab, Dearborn, Michigan from 1995 to 1998. He joined IIT Madras at the end of 1998. He received the Henry Ford Technology Award in 1998 for the development and deployment of a virtual wind tunnel. He has four U.S. patents to his credit. He has published technical papers on simulations of fluid flows including plasmas and non-equilibrium flows, computational aerodynamics and aero acoustics, scientific computing and ramjet, scramjet engines. His primary research specialization is CFD and he is currently involved in the simulation of high-speed reacting flows, prediction of jet noise, simulation of fluid flows using the lattice Boltzmann method and high performance computing.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical