1st Edition

Algal Biorefineries and the Circular Bioeconomy Algal Products and Processes

    398 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    398 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    "Algae are mysterious and fascinating organisms that hold great potential for discovery and biotechnology."

    —Dr. Thierry Tonon, Department of Biology, University of York

    "Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it."

    —A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

    In this book, we emphasize the importance of algal biotechnology as a sustainable platform to replace the conventional fossil-based economy. With this focus, Volume 2 summarizes the up-to-date literature and knowledge and discusses the advances in algal cultivation, genetic improvement, wastewater treatment, resource recovery, commercial operation, and technoeconomic analysis of algal biotechnology.


    • Discusses in detail recent developments in algae cultivation and biomass harvesting
    • Provides an overview of genetic engineering and algal-bacteria consortia to improve productivity
    • Presents applications of algae in the area of wastewater treatment and resource recovery
    • Provides case studies and technoeconomic analysis to understand the algal biorefinery

    Shashi Kant Bhatia, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea.

    Sanjeet Mehariya, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

    Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, PhD, is a Research Scientist and Lecturer (Adjunct) in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, South Dakota, USA.

    1. Marine Macroalgal Biorefinery: Recent Developments and Future Perspectives

    Nitin Trivedi, Dhanashree Mone, Arijit Sankar Mondal, and Ritu Sharma

    2. Valorization of Algal Spent Biomass into Valuable Biochemicals and Energy Resource.

    Saravanan Vasanthakumar, K. Greeshma, and Muthu Arumugam

    3. Algal Role in Microbial Fuel Cells

    Ghadir Aly El-Chaghaby, Sayed Rashad, Meenakshi Singh, K. Chandrasekhar, and Murthy Chavali

    4. Potential of Microalgae for Protein Production

    Elena M. Rojo, Silvia Bolado, Alejandro Filipigh, David Moldes, and Marisol Vega

    5. Microalgae for Pigments and Cosmetics

    Nídia S. Caetano, Priscila S. Corrêa, Wilson G. de Morais Júnior, Gisela M. Oliveira, António A.A. Martins, Monique Branco-Vieira, and Teresa M. Mata

    6. Microalgae for Animal and Fish Feed

    Margarida Costa, Joana G. Fonseca, Joana L. Silva, Jean-Yves Berthon, and Edith Filaire

    7. Algal-Sourced Biostimulants and Biofertilizer for Sustainable Agriculture and Soil Enrichment: Algae for Fertilizers and Soil Conditioners

    P. Muthukumaran, J. Arvind, M. Kamaraj, and A. Manikandan

    8. Recent Trends in Microalgal Refinery for Sustainable Biopolymer Production

    Menghour Huy, Ann Kristin Vatland, Reza Zarei, and Gopalakrishnan Kumar

    9. Algae as a Source of Polysaccharides and Potential Applications

    Sonal Tiwari, E. Amala Claret, and Vikas S. Chauhan

    10. Algae as Food and Nutraceuticals

    Chetan Aware, Rahul Jadhav, Jyoti Jadhav, Virdhaval Nalavade, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Yung-Hun Yang, and Ranjit Gurav

    11. Cyanobacterial Phycobiliproteins – Biochemical Strategies to Improve the Production and Its Bio Application

    Khushbu Bhayania, Sandhya Mishra, and Imran Pancha


    Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan (OPK) is currently working as a research assistant professor at University of Houston, Texas, USA.

    Sanjeet Mehariya, PhD, is working as a Postdoctoral Researcher at Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials, Environment, Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy to produce nutraceuticals from oleaginous microalgae.

    Shashi Kant Bhatia is working as an Associate Professor in Department of Biological Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea.