1st Edition

Algal Biorefineries and the Circular Bioeconomy Industrial Applications and Future Prospects

    440 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    440 Pages 46 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    "Algae are mysterious and fascinating organisms that hold great potential for discovery and biotechnology."

    —Dr. Thierry Tonon, Department of Biology, University of York

    "Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it."

    —A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

    In this book, we emphasise the importance of algal biotechnology as a sustainable platform to replace the conventional fossil-based economy. With this focus, Volume 2 summarizes up-to-date literature knowledge and discusses the advances in algal cultivation, genetic improvement, wastewater treatment, resource recovery, commercial operation, and technoeconomic analysis of algal biotechnology.


    • Discusses in detail recent developments in algae cultivation and biomass harvesting
    • Provides an overview of genetic engineering and algal-bacteria consortia to improve productivity
    • Presents applications of algae in the area of wastewater treatment and resource recovery
    • Provides case studies and technoeconomic analysis to understand the algal biorefinery

    Shashi Kant Bhatia, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea.

    Sanjeet Mehariya, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

    Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, PhD, is a Research Scientist and Lecturer (Adjunct) in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, South Dakota, USA.

    1. Genetic Engineering in Improving the Output of Algal Biorefinery

    Yogita Sharma, Ameesh Dev Singh, Sanjeet Mehariya, Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan, Gajendra Pal Singh, Chandra Pal Singh, and Antonio Molino

    2. Recent Development in Microalgal Cultivation and Biomass Harvesting Methods

    Gour Gopal Satpati, Ashutosh Kumar, Sreestha Dinesh Parambath, Trisha Bagchi, Meenakshi Singh, Murthy Chavali, and K. Chandrasekhar

    3. Application of Microalgae for CO2 Mitigation and Sequestration of Flue Gas

    Asha A. Nesamma, Iqra Mariam, Mukul S. Kareya, and Pannaga P. Jutur

    4. Microalgae-Based Nutrient Recovery from Urban Wastewater

    Maria Rosa di Cicco, Maria Palmieri, C. Lubritto, and C. Ciniglia

    5. Microalgal Metal Remediation from Industrial Wastewater

    Anna Aksmann, Wojciech Pokora, Agnieszka Baścik- Remisiewicz, and Martyna Zalewska

    6. Application of Microalgae for Removal of Pharmaceuticals from Aqueous Matrices

    Andreia D. M. Silva, Olga M. Freitas, Sónia A. Figueiredo, and Cristina Delerue-Matos

    7. C1-Proteins Prospect for Production of Industrial Proteins and Protein-Based Materials from Methane

    Hamilton Richard, Nizovtseva Irina, Chernuskin Dmitri, and Marina G. Kalyuzhnaya

    8. Microalgal Consortia and Their Biotechnological Applications

    Neerja Thakur, Ranjit Gurav, Yung-Hun Yang, and Shashi Kant Bhatia

    9. Algae from Extremophilic Conditions and Their Potential Applications

    Ashiwin Vadiveloo, Tasneema Ishika, David Chuka-Ogwude, Mohammadjavad Raeisossadati, and Ângelo P. Matos

    10. LCA: A Tool to Develop Sustainable Microalgal Biorefineries

    N.S. Caetano, P.S. Corrêa, W.G. de Morais Júnior T.M. Mata, A.A.A. Martins, and M. Branco-Vieira

    11. Commercial Operation of Algal Technology: A Case Study and Techno-Economic Analysis

    Patrizia Casella, Angela Iovine, Gian Paolo Leone, Sanjeet Mehariya, Tiziana Marino, and Antonio Molino


    Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan (OPK) is currently working as a research assistant professor at University of Houston, Texas, USA.

    Sanjeet Mehariya, PhD, is working as a Postdoctoral Researcher at Department of Chemical Engineering, Materials, Environment, Sapienza - University of Rome, Italy to produce nutraceuticals from oleaginous microalgae.

    Shashi Kant Bhatia is working as an Associate Professor in Department of Biological Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul, South Korea.