The main objective of politicians is to maximise economic growth, which heavily drives political policy and decision-making. Critics of the maximisation of growth as the central aim of economic policy have argued that growth in itself is not necessarily a good thing, particularly for the environment; however, what would replace the system and how it would be measured are questions that have been rarely answered satisfactorily. First published in 1991, this book was the first to lay out an entirely new set of practical proposals for developing new economic measurement tools, with the aim of being sustainable, ‘green’ and human-centred. Victor Anderson proposes that a whole set of indicators, rather than a single one, should play all the roles that GNP (Gross National Product) is responsible for. With a detailed overview of the central debates between the advocates and opponents of continued economic growth and an analysis of the various proposals for modification, this title will be of particular value to students interested in the diversity of measurement tools and the notion that economies should also be evaluated by their social and environmental consequences.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements; Introduction; 1. The Growth Debate 2. The Origins of National Income Accounting 3. Problems of National Income Accounting 4. Possible Reforms in National Income Accounting 5. Growth and Progress 6. The Good Indicator 7. Social Indicators 8. Environmental Indicators 9. Data for Fourteen Major Countries 10. Conclusion; Notes and References; Index