Alternative Fuels for Transportation  book cover
1st Edition

Alternative Fuels for Transportation

Edited By

A S Ramadhas

ISBN 9781439819579
Published October 13, 2010 by CRC Press
463 Pages 187 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

With existing petroleum oil and natural gas reserves enough for only several more decades, there is an imminent need for alternative energy sources. This critical situation has incited greater improvements in automotive technology and the increased use of nonconventional fuels. Alternative Fuels for Transportation covers the potential, production methods, properties, vehicle tests, merits, and drawbacks of alternative fuels. The esteemed editor highlights the importance of moving toward alternative fuels and the problems and environmental impact of depending on petroleum products.

Each self-contained chapter focuses on a particular fuel source, including vegetable oils, biodiesel, methanol, ethanol, dimethyl ether, liquefied petroleum gas, natural gas, hydrogen, electric, fuel cells, and fuel from nonfood crops. For most of these fuels, production methods, storage, transportation and distribution, physiochemical properties, system modification, engine tests, economics, applications, safety aspects, material compatibility, and future scope are discussed.

Although we now know that increases in greenhouse gases will contribute to global climate change, the transportation sector and decentralized power generation continue to heavily rely on petroleum products, particularly gasoline and diesel. Exploring how to counteract the world’s energy insecurity and environmental pollution, this book provides a comprehensive understanding of nonconventional fuel sources and technology.

Table of Contents

Fuels and Trends, A.S. Ramadhas

Vegetable Oils, A.S. Ramadhas, Chandrasekaran Muraleedharan, and Simon Jayaraj

Biodiesel, A.S. Ramadhas, Simon Jayaraj, and Chandrasekaran Muraleedharan

Methanol, Mustafa Canakci and Oguzhan Ilgen

Ethanol, Alan C. Hansen, Carroll E. Goering, and A.S. Ramadhas

Dimethyl Ether, Spencer C. Sorenson

Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Mohamed Younes El-Saghir Selim

Compressed Natural Gas, Gattamaneni Lakshmi Narayana Rao and A.S. Ramadhas

Hydrogen, Fernando Ortenzi, Giovanni Pede, and A.S. Ramadhas

Electric Vehicles, Nallusamy Nallusamy, Paramasivam Sakthivel, Abhijeet Chausalkar, and A.S. Ramadhas

Fuel Cells, Parthasarathy Sridhar, Sethuraman Pitchumani, and Ashok K. Shukla

Hybrid Vehicles, K.T. Chau

Future Fuels, A.S. Ramadhas

Appendix: Fuel Properties


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A.S. Ramadhas is a Senior Research Officer in the engine testing of fuels and emissions department in the Research and Development Center of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. With a decade of experience in academia and industry, Dr. Ramadhas focuses his research on conventional and alternative fuels, gasoline additives, engine technologies, and emissions.