Alternative Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Alternative Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets

1st Edition

Edited by Chhorn Lim, Cheng-Sheng Lee, Carl D Webster

CRC Press

594 pages

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A unique resource that describes the ingredients included in an aquaculture diet, species profiles, processing methods, impacts to environment and industry, and more! Aquaculture is and will remain a major food producing sector in the future. To become more efficient and successful in the aquaculture industry, operations need to provide good nutrition. Alternative Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets is a unique source describing the ingredients included in fish and crustacean diets, their nutrient compositions, species profiles, suitability for species, processing methods, and impacts of alternative ingredients on the environment and to the aquaculture industry.

World-renowned nutritionists and feed technologists explore practical ways for the aquaculture industry to expand and remain competitive, and discuss ways to develop less expensive alternative sources or protein. Diet costs take up a huge chunk of operating expenditures, with fish meal being one of the most expensive ingredients in the aquaculture diet. Alternative Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets provides detailed knowledge on the use of alternative plant and animal protein sources, offering opportunities to either partially or completely replace fish meal. This comprehensive, up-to-date text discusses the most widely used ingredients as well as various previously under-utilized ingredients which could be of significant potential in the future. The book is extensively referenced and includes numerous helpful tables to clearly present data.

Topics discussed in Alternative Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets (for finfish and crustacean species) include: • farmed fish diet requirements • reduction of waste through diet formulation • poultry by-product meal • meat packing by-products • soybean protein foodstuffs • cottonseed meal • lupins • unconventional plant protein supplements • and much, much more! Alternative Protein Sources in Aquaculture Diets is an essential resource for aquaculturists, nutritionists, feed formulators, feed mill operators, extension specialists, fish farmers and producers, ingredient suppliers, and policymakers.

Table of Contents

  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 1. Farmed Fish Diet Requirements for the Next Decade and Implications for Global Availability of Nutrients (Ronald. W. Hardy)
  • Introduction
  • Chapter 2. Development of High Nutrient-Dense Diets and Fish Feeding Systems for Optimum Production and Aquaculture Waste Reduction: A Treatise (C. Young Cho)
  • Introduction
  • Reduction of Waste Through Diet Formulation
  • Reducing Waste Outputs Through Feeding System
  • Chapter 3. Replacement of Fish Meal with Poultry By-Product Meal and Hydrolyzed Feather Meal in Feeds for Finfish (Yu Yu)
  • Introduction
  • Use of Poultry By-Product Meal (PBM)
  • Use of Hydrolyzed Feather Meal (FeM)
  • Practical Diets
  • General Discussion
  • Cost Comparison
  • Recommended FM Replacement Rates
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Use of Meatpacking By-Products in Fish Diets (Menghe H. Li, Edwin H. Robinson, and Chhorn E. Lim)
  • Introduction
  • Meatpacking By-Products
  • Chemical Composition
  • Nutrient Availability
  • Utilization of Meatpacking By-Products by Finfish
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 5. Use of Fisheries Coproducts in Feeds for Aquatic Animals (Ian Forster)
  • Introduction
  • Sources
  • Products and Their Use in Aquatic Diets
  • Factors to Consider in the Use of By-Products for Aquatic Diets
  • Conclusions, Research Gaps, and Recommendations
  • Chapter 6. Use of Animal By-Products in Crustacean Diets (Shi-Yen Shiau)
  • Introduction
  • Fisheries By-Products
  • Poultry By-Products
  • Meat By-Products
  • Digestibility
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Use of Plant Protein Sources in Crustacean Diets (Jesus A. Venero, D. Allen Davis, and Chhorn Lim)
  • Introduction
  • Plant Protein Sources
  • Ingredient Selection Criteria
  • Plant Protein Use in Crustacean Diets
  • Use of Oilseed Meals in Crustaceans Diets
  • Use of Other Leguminous Seed Meals in Crustacean Diets
  • Use of Leguminous Leaf Meals in Crustacean Diets
  • Use of By-Products of the Brewery Industry in Crustacean Diets
  • Use of Protein Isolates/Concentrates in Crustacean Diets
  • Use of Algae Meals in Crustacean Diets
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Protein Feedstuffs Originating from Soybeans (Paul B. Brown, Sadasivam J. Kaushik, and Helena Peres)
  • Introduction
  • Nutritional Concentrations
  • Antinutritional Factors
  • Soybean Quality
  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 9. Utilization of Soy Products in Diets of Freshwater Fishes (Paul B. Brown)
  • Introduction
  • Nutrient Availability
  • Utilization of Soybean Feedstuffs
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Soybean Products in Salmonid Diets (Sadasivam J. Kaushik)
  • Introduction
  • Nutrient Availability
  • Effects of Antinutritional Factors Found in Soybean By-Products
  • Growth and Nutrient Utilisation of Soy Protein by Salmonids
  • Utilization of Soybean Oil by Salmonids
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  • Chapter 11. Utilization of Soybean Products in Diets of Nonsalmonid Marine Finfish (Helena Peres and Chhorn Lim)
  • Introduction
  • Chemical Composition
  • Nutrient Availability
  • Utilization of Soybean Products in Diets of Marine Fish
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 12. Cottonseed Meal in Fish Diets (Chhorn Lim, Menghe H. Li, Edwin Robinson, and Mediha Yildirim-Aksoy)
  • Introduction
  • Gossypol Toxicity
  • Effects of Dietary Factors on Gossypol Toxicity
  • Tissue Gossypol Accumulation and Elimination
  • Gossypol and Reproductive Performance
  • Gossypol and Fish Health
  • Nutritional Value of CSM
  • Use of CSM in Fish Diets
  • Chapter 13. Use of Rapeseed/Canola in Diets of Aquaculture Species (C. Burel and Sadasivam J. Kaushik)
  • Introduction
  • Processing of Rapeseed/Canola Products and Meals
  • Chemical Composition
  • ANFs
  • Nutrient Availability
  • Use of Rapeseed/Canola Protein Products in Fish Diets
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  • Chapter 14. Lupins in Fish and Shrimp Diets (D. M. Smith, B. D. Glencross, and G. L. Allan)
  • Introduction
  • Product Names
  • Chemical Composition
  • Nutrient Availability
  • Utilization of Lupins in Aquafeeds
  • Effect of Lupins on Feed Processing
  • Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Chapter 15. Underutilized and Unconventional Plant Protein Supplements (Robert C. Reigh)
  • Introduction
  • Use of Alternative Protein Supplements in Aquafeeds
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 16. Use of Distillers Grains with Solubles and Brewery By-Products in Fish and Crustacean Diets (Carl D. Webster, Kenneth R. Thompson, Linda A. Metts, and Laura A. Muzinic)
  • Introduction
  • Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles
  • Brewer’s Grains (with Yeast)
  • Chapter 17. Use of Diet Additives to Improve Nutritional Value of Alternative Protein Sources (Delbert M. Gatlin III and Peng Li)
  • Introduction
  • Nutritional Supplements
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 18. Extrusion of Aquafeeds Formulated with Alternative Protein Sources (Mian N. Riaz)
  • What Is Extrusion
  • Advantages of Extrusion
  • Aquaculture Feed Manufacturing
  • Major Parameters Affecting Extrusion Processes
  • Hardware
  • Processing Conditions (Software)
  • Making Feeds with Alternative Sources of Protein
  • Conclusion
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

About the Authors/Editors

Chhorn Lim, Carl D. Webster, Cheng-Sheng Lee

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology