As the world's first democracy with a written constitution and Bill of Rights, the United States has stood for global aspirations toward democratic liberty, equality, and solidarity since its formation in 1776. However, as it developed into an empire by the late nineteenth century, the United States also has threatened the liberties of other peoples, including Native Americans, Hawaiians, Latin Americans, Asians, and Africans. The American role in world affairs has long been polarized around two conflicting images and strategies. In the name of counter-terrorism, the Bush administration pursued a largely unilateralist policy in the Middle East and elsewhere. Yet, in the name of protecting its national sovereignty, the United States also has rejected most of the recent multilateral treaties that strive to contain violence by fortifying the rule of international law. A unilateralist strategy also goes largely against the U.S. postwar multilateralism, which established the United Nations and its specialized agencies. This volume explores these contradictions. Contributors include: Kevin P. Clements, Tom Coffman, Audrey Kitagawa, Jeffrey F. Addicott, Steven Zunes, Vivien Stewart, Kathy Ferguson, Phyllis Turnbull, Bilveer Singh, Ibrahim G. Aoude, Richard Falk, Ann Wright, Beverley Kleever, Linda Groff, George Kent, Majid Tehranian, Mohammad Ali, Terrence Paupp, Gillian Young, Mihay Simaii, and David Krieger. The annual publication Peace & Policy, sponsored by the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research, is now in its ninth year. It is dedicated to providing a forum for the discussion of all issues concerning peace, policy, and the rights and responsibilities of global citizenship. This latest volume fulfills that commitment.
Table of Contents
Kevin P. Clements
Part I The Double Bind
1 The American Antecedent to Iraq
2 The United States in Foreign Affairs:
Source of Global Security or Source of Global Fear?
Audrey E. Kitagawa
3 In Defense of US Counter-Terrorist Policies
Jeffrey F. Addicott
4 A Critique of US Counter-Terrorism Policies
5 American Portable Sovereignty
Kathy E. Ferguson and Phyllis Turnbull
6 Re-Entering UNESCO: The Rough and
Richard T. Arndt
7 Southeast Asian Challenges to US Counter-
8 The US Role in the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict
Ibrahim G. Aoude
Part II The Quest for Alternatives
9 Arriving at a Gandhian Moment?
10 Resigning as Resistance
Mary Ann Wright
11 Resisting "Shock and Awe"
Beverly Ann Deepe Keever
12 Replacing the Bush Doctrine
13 Human Rights in Global Governance
14 Repairing American-Iranian Relations
15 Honoring Religions
16 Honoring Spirituality
Terrence Edward Paupp
Part III Roadmaps to Peace
17 Disarming Nuclear Weapons
18 Strengthening the Capacity of the UN
19 Feminism and Peace: Towards a New World?