Interviews and first-hand accounts of an historic decision that affected the mental health profession—and American society and culture
Through the personal accounts of those who were there, American Psychiatry and Homosexuality: An Oral History examines the 1973 decision by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) to remove homosexuality from its diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). This unique book includes candid one-on-one interviews with key mental health professionals who played a role in the APA’s decision, those who helped organize gay, lesbian, and bisexual psychiatrists after the decision, and others who have made significant contributions in this area within the mental health field.
American Psychiatry and Homosexuality presents an insider’s view of how homosexuality was removed from the DSM, the gradual organization of gay and lesbian psychiatrists within the APA, and the eventual formation of the APA-allied Association of Gay & Lesbian Psychiatrists (AGLP). The book profiles 17 individuals, both straight and gay, who made important contributions to organized psychiatry and the mental health needs of lesbian and gay patients, and illustrates the role that gay and lesbian psychiatrists would later play in the mental health field when they no longer had to hide their identities.
Individuals profiled in American Psychiatry and Homosexuality include:
- Dr. John Fryer, who disguised his identity to speak before the APA’s annual meeting in 1972 on the discrimination gay psychiatrists faced in their own profession
- Dr. Charles Silverstein, who saw the diagnosis of homosexuality as a means of social control
- Dr. Lawrence Hartmann, who helped reform the APA and later served as its President in 1991-92
- Dr. Robert J. Campbell, who helped persuade the APA’s Nomenclature Committee to hear scientific data presented by gay activists
- Dr. Judd Marmor, an early psychoanalytic critic of theories that pathologized homosexuality
- Dr. Robert Spitzer, who chaired the APA’s Nomenclature Committee
- Dr. Frank Rundle, who helped organize the first meeting of what would become the APA Caucus of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Psychiatrists
- Dr. David Kessler, AGLP President from 1980-82
- Dr. Nanette Gartrell, a pioneer of feminist issues within the APA
- Dr. Stuart Nichols, President of the AGLP in 1983-84 and a founding member of the Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists of New York (GLPNY)
- Dr. Emery Hetrick, a founding member of both AGLP and GLPNY
- Dr. Bertram Schaffner, who was instrumental in providing group psychotherapy for physicians with AIDS
- Dr. Martha Kirkpatrick, a long-time leader in psychiatry and psychoanalysis, both as a woman and an “out” lesbian
- Dr. Richard Isay, the first openly gay psychoanalyst in the American Psychoanalytic Association
- Dr. Richard Pillard, best known for studying the incidence of homosexuality in families of twins
- Dr. Edward Hanin, former Speaker of the APA Assembly
- Dr. Ralph Roughton, the first openly gay Training and Supervising Psychoanalyst to be recognized within the American and International Psychoanalytic Associations
Table of Contents
Gittings, Preface: Show-and-Tell. Drescher & Merlino, Introduction. Part I: The 1973 APA Decision. Scasta, John E. Fryer, MD, and the Dr. H. Anonymous Episode. Sbordone, An Interview with Charles Silverstein, PhD. Drescher, An Interview with Lawrence Hartmann, MD. Hire, An Interview with Robert Jean Campbell III, MD. Rosario, An Interview with Judd Marmor, MD. Drescher, An Interview with Robert L. Spitzer, MD. Part II: The Early Founders of AGLP. Hire, An Interview with Frank Rundle, MD. Barber, An Interview with David R. Kessler, MD. Barber, An Interview with Nanette Gartrell, MD. Ashley, An Interview with Stuart E. Nichols, MD. Hunter, Remembering Emery Hetrick, MD. Part III: Gay and Lesbian Psychiatrists of Note. Merlino, An Interview with Bertram H. Schaffner, MD. Rosario, An Interview with Martha J. Kirkpatrick, MD. Mitchell, An Interview with Richard A. Isay, MD. Lynch, An Interview with Richard C. Pillard, MD. Drescher, An Interview with Edward Hanin, MD. Lynch, An Interview with Ralph E. Roughton, MD. Barber, Afterword: Today and Tomorrow.