The aim of this book is to provide readers with the tools to understand the historical evolution of terrorism and counterterrorism over the past 150 years.
In order to appreciate the contemporary challenges posed by terrorism it is necessary to look at its evolution, at the different phases it has gone through, and the transformations it has experienced. The same applies to the solutions that states have come up with to combat terrorism: the nature of terrorism changes but still it is possible to learn from past experiences even though they are not directly applicable to the present.
This book provides a fresh look at the history of terrorism by providing in-depth analysis of several important terrorist crises and the reactions to them in the West and beyond. The general framework is laid out in four parts: terrorism prior to the Cold War, the Western experience with terrorism, non-Western experiences with terrorism, and contemporary terrorism and anti-terrorism. The issues covered offer a broad range of historical and current themes, many of which have been neglected in existing scholarship; it also features a chapter on the waves phenomenon of terrorism against its international background.
This book will be of much interest to students of terrorism studies, political violence, international history, security studies and IR.
Preface Introduction, Jussi Hanhimäki and Bernhard Blumenau Part I: Terrorism Prior to the Cold War 1. The First Global Wave of Terrorism and International Counter-Terrorism, 1905-1914, Richard Bach Jensen 2. ‘Methods which all civilized opinion must condemn’. The League of Nations and international action against terrorism, Charles Townshend 3. A blueprint for successfully fighting anarchist terror? Counter-terrorist communities of violence in Barcelona during the pistolerismo, Florian Grafl Part II: Western Experiences with Terrorism 4. The United Nations and West Germany's efforts against international terrorism in the 1970s, Bernhard Blumenau 5.The absent terrorism. Leftist political violence and the French state, 1968-1974, Markus Lammert 6. The Success of Italian Anti-Terrorism Policy, Tobias Hof 7.Quid pro quo: State sponsorship of terrorism in the Cold War, Thomas Riegler 8. The hijacking of TWA-847: A strategic analysis, Richard C. Thornton Part III: Non-Western Experiences with Terrorism 9. Bengal terrorism and the ambiguity of the Bengali muslims, Rashed Uz Zaman 10. SWAPO, the UN, and the struggle for national liberation, Shaloma Gauthier 11.The ‘Claustre Affair’: A hostage crisis, France and civil war in Chad, 1974-1977, Nathaniel Powell 12.Reagan and Libya: A history of pre-emptive strikes and (failed) regime change, Mattia Toaldo Part IV: Contemporary Terrorism and Anti-Terrorism 13. Al Qaeda and the reinvention of terrorism: Social sciences and the challenge of post-globalization transnational political violence, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou 14. The US response to contemporary terrorism, Abraham R. Wagner 15. Terrorism in the twenty-first century: a new era of warfare, Sean N. Kalic Concluding Essay 16. The four waves of modern terror. International dimensions and consequences, David C. Rapoport