An Introduction to Korean Linguistics  book cover
1st Edition

An Introduction to Korean Linguistics

ISBN 9780415659932
Published November 4, 2015 by Routledge
286 Pages 69 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

An Introduction to Korean Linguistics is a valuable and comprehensive text for those with an interest in Korean linguistics.

This book provides an in-depth introduction to the basics of Korean linguistics, and modern linguistic theory, in an accessible style. It features a step-by-step approach designed to lead the reader through the linguistic make-up of the language, from the basics of its sound system and sentence structure to the semantics of modern spoken Korean.

Features include:

  • Detailed chapters covering the core areas in the field of linguistics, including phonetics, phonology, morphology and syntax
  • Clear and accessible explanations which effectively demonstrate the intricacies and subtleties of the Korean language
  • Suggested readings for those interested in expanding their knowledge of a specific topic
  • Exercises designed to complement the factual and analytical issues covered in each chapter
  • A comprehensive glossary of central terms and a companion website offering a wealth of additional materials.

Korean is an invaluable language for the study of theoretical and comparative linguistics as it provides important examples and counter-examples to key issues, making An Introduction to Korean Linguistics an essential text for students and professional linguists alike.

Table of Contents

1 Mental Grammar and Korean

1.1 Language, Grammar, and the Mind

1.1.1 Knowledge of Language

1.1.2 Grammar and Universal Grammar

1.2 Introducing the Korean Language

1.2.1 The Basics of Korean

1.2.2 A Brief History of Korean

1.2.3 The Linguistic Study of Korean

1.3 Conducting Linguistic Research

1.3.1 The Scientific Method and Linguistic Research

1.3.2 Constructing Coherent Arguments

1.4 About this Book

1.4.1 Road Map

1.4.2 About Glossing


Suggested Readings

Questions for Discussion

2 Phonetics

2.1 Phonetic Inventory: Romanization and the International Phonetic Alphabet

2.2 Korean Consonants

2.2.1 Voicing

2.2.2 Place of articulation Bilabial Alveo-dental Palatal Velar Glotal

2.2.3 Manner of articulation Stops Fricatives Affricates Nasals Liquids

2.2.4 Acoustic properties of Korean consonants

2.3 Korean Vowels

2.3.1 Tongue Height

2.3.2 Tongue Advancement

2.3.3 Lip Rounding

2.3.4 Monothongs and Diphthongs

2.3.5 Acoustic Properties of Korean Vowels 2

2.4 Suprasegmental Features in Korean

2.4.1 Vowel Length and Stress

2.4.2 Accentual phrase

2.4.3 Intonational phrase

2.4.4 Tone in Kyungsang Dialect


Suggested Readings


3 Phonology

3.1 Phonemes and Allophones

3.2 Syllable Structure

3.3 Phonological changes: consonants

3.3.1 Coda Neutralization

3.3.2 Epenthesis

3.3.3 Sibilation

3.3.4 Nasalization

3.3.5 Tensification

3.3.6 Palatalization

3.3.7 Liquidization

3.3.8 Consonant cluster simplification

3.4 Phonological changes: vowels

3.4.1 Vowel Harmony

3.4.2 vowel deletion

3.4.3 vowel insertion

3.5 Solving Phonology Problems

3.6 Phonotactic Constraints in Korean


Suggested Readings


4 Morphology

4.1 Words and Word Formation

4.1.1 Morphemes Affixation: Prefix, Infix, and Suffix

4.1.2 Analyzing Word Structure

4.1.3 Typology: Agglutinative Language

4.2 Inflection

4.2.2 Case Morphology

4.2.3 Plural Inflection

4.2 Derivation

4.2.1 Nominalization

4.2.2 Compounding

4.5 Morphological Analysis

4.6 Morphophonological Processes 3


Suggested Readings


5 Syntax

5.1 Phrase Structure and Basic Sentences

5.1.1 Phrase Structure Rules Noun Phrases Verb Phrases Modifying Phrases Prepositions Are There Adjective Phrases in Korean? Other Phrases

5.1.2 Constituency Tests

5.1.3 Structural Relations Dominance Precedence C-Command Grammatical Relations

5.2 Case

5.2.1 The Korean Case System Nominative Case Accusative Case The Dative The Genitive Case and Grammatical Relations

5.2.2 Occurrences of Multiple Case-Marking Multiple Nominatives Multiple Accusatives

5.3 Anaphora and Binding

5.3.1 The Korean Pronominal System Korean Pronouns Binding Condition B and Korean Pronouns

5.3.2 Local and Long-distance Reflexives The Korean Reflexive System Binding Condition A and Local Reflexives Long-distance Reflexives

5.4 Sentence Structure

5.4.1 Korean Word Order

5.4.2 Functional Categories Complementizer Phrase and Tense Phrase (and Mood Phrase) Determiner Phrase

5.4.3 Embedded Clauses

5.5 Transformations

5.5.1 Head Movement in Korean Verb Movement 4 T-to-C Movement

5.5.2 Phrasal Movement in Korean Passives Raising

5.5.3 Scrambling

5.5.4 Wh-questions in English and Korean


Suggested Readings


6 Semantics

6.1 Theories and Subfields of Semantics

6.2.1 Truth-conditional Semantics, Cognitive Semantics and Pragmatics

6.2.2 Lexical Semantics

6.2.2 Compositional Semantics Sentential Meaning Semantic Relationships between Sentences

6.2 Nominal Reference in Korean

6.2.1 Plurality in Korean

6.2.2 Topic and Focus Particles of Korean

6.2.3 Quantification and Floating Quantifiers in Korean

6.2.4 Classifier Constructions in Korean

6.3 Negation in Korean

6.3.1 Long Form vs. Short Form and the Scope Problem

6.3.2 Negative Polarity Items

6.4 Tense, Aspect and Modality in Korean

6.4.1 The Structure of a Predicate in Korean and the Scope of Operators

6.4.2 Tense, Grammatical and Lexical Aspect

6.4.3 Modality and Evidentiality

6.5 Context

6.5.1 The Grammatical Marking of Speech Acts in Korean

6.5.2 Honorifics in Korean


Suggested Readings


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EunHee Lee is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, USA.

Sean Madigan is a lecturer in the Department of Linguistics and Cognitive Sciences at Dartmouth University, USA.

Mee-Jeong Park is Associate Professor of Korean Language and Linguistics at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA.