Analysing Fascist Discourse
European Fascism in Talk and Text
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This book focuses primarily on continuities and discontinuities of fascist politics as manifested in discourses of post-war European countries. Many traumatic pasts in Europe are linked to the experience of fascist and national-socialist regimes in the 20th century and to related colonial and imperialist expansionist politics. And yet we are again confronted with the emergence, rise and success of extreme right wing political movements, across Europe and beyond, which frequently draw on fascist and national-socialist ideologies, themes, idioms, arguments and lexical items. Post-war taboos have forced such parties, politicians and their electorate to frequently code their exclusionary fascist rhetoric.
This collection shows that an interdisciplinary critical approach to fascist text and talk—subsuming all instances of meaning-making (oral, visual, written, sounds, etc.) and genres such as policy documents, speeches, school books, media reporting, posters, songs, logos and other symbols—is necessary to deconstruct exclusionary meanings and to confront their inegalitarian political projects.
Table of Contents
1. European fascism in talk and text - Introduction Ruth Wodak & John E. Richardson 2. Radical right discourse contra state-based authoritarian populism: neoliberalism, identity and exclusion after the crisis Daniel Woodley 3. Italian Post-War Neo-Fascism: Three Paths, One Mission? Tamir Bar-On 4. The Reception of antisemitic imagery in Nazi Germany and popular opinion – lessons for today Andreas Musolff 5. ‘Calculated ambivalence’ and Holocaust denial in Austria Jakob Engel and Ruth Wodak 6. German Post-War Discourse of the Extreme and Populist Right Claudia Posch, Maria Stopfner and Manfred Kienpointner 7. Education and etiquette: Behaviour Formation in Fascist Spain Derrin Pinto 8. The CDS-PP and the Portuguese Parliament’s annual celebration of the 1974 Revolution: ambivalence and avoidance in the construction of the fascist past Cristina Marinho and Michael Billig 9. Continuities of fascist discourses, discontinuities of extreme-right political actors? Overt and covert anti-Semitism in the contemporary French radical right Brigitte Beauzamy 10. Racial populism in British fascist discourse: The case of COMBAT and the British National Party (1960-67) John E. Richardson 11. Variations on a Theme: the Jewish ‘Other’ in Old and New Antisemitic Media Discourses in Hungary in the 1940s and 2011 András Kovács & Anna Szilágyi 12. The Return of the Ukrainian Far Right: The Case of VO Svoboda Per Anders Rudling 13. New Times, Old Ideologies? Recontextualisations of Radical Right Thought in Post-Communist Romania Irina Diana Mădroane 14. European Far-Right Music and Its Enemy Anton Shekhovtsov 15. The Branding of European Nationalism: perpetuation and novelty in racist symbolism Mark McGlashan
Ruth Wodak is Distinguished Professor of Discourse Studies at Lancaster University, UK.
John E Richardson is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University, UK.
'This is an ultimately fascinating book, in terms of its levels of both scholarship and usability. Any reader interested in fascism, political discursive practices, modern European history and critical discourse analysis would benefit enormously from this volume.' - Isamar Carrillo Masso, Bangor University