Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence

1st Edition

Edited by Jose R. Almirall, Kenneth G. Furton

CRC Press

272 pages | 126 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2004-02-11
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Description

Ongoing advances in arson detection tools and techniques increase the importance of scientific evidence in related court proceedings. In order to assemble an airtight case, investigators and forensic scientists need a resource that assists them in properly conducting the chemical analysis and interpretation of physical evidence found at scenes of suspected arson.

Analysis and Interpretation of Fire Scene Evidence introduces the techniques that determine the presence of ignitable liquid residues (ILRs) at fire scenes. It bridges the disciplines of investigation and forensic chemistry, enabling effective communication during critical periods of evidence detection, collection, packaging, and transport.

The initial chapters are written from an investigator's perspective, allowing forensic specialists to understand fire dynamics, ignition, heat transfer, and investigations. Later chapters include a comparison of the use of canines versus new detection techniques, and an examination of laboratory facilities, equipment, and procedures that are essential to organizing a new lab or upgrading an existing one.

By detailing the methods used to identify potential evidence at the scene of suspected arson fires, this volume also benefits attorneys and judges in preparing for prosecution and defense of arson cases.

Table of Contents

FIRE DYNAMICS

Dave Sheppard, ATF Research Laboratory

What did the Witness See?

Fire

Compartment Fires

Ignition

Fire Plume

Ceiling Jet

Heat Transfer

Smoke and Visibility

Recommended References

References

FIRE SCENE INVESTIGATION: AN INTRODUCTION FOR CHEMISTS

Gregg A. Hine, ATF Research Laboratory

Introduction

Fire Investigation Issues

The Fire Scene Examination

Collection and Preservation of Evidence

Conclusions

References

DETECTION OF IGNITABLE LIQUID RESIDUES IN FIRE SCENES; ACCELERANT DETECTION CANINE (ADC) TEAMS AND OTHER FIELD TESTS

Ken G. Furton and Ross J. Harper, International Forensic Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, Florida International University

Introduction

Visual Inspection of Fire Science

Accelerant Detection Canines

Instrumental Field Tests

Comparison of Techniques

The Future

References

ESSENTIAL TOOLS FOR THE ANALYTICAL LABORATORY; FACILITIES, EQUIPMENT AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Carl Chasteen, State of Florida Fire Marshal's Laboratory

Facilities and Equipment

Sample Analysis

Standard Operating Procedures

References

ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR THE DETECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF IGNITABLE LIQUID RESIDUES FROM FIRE DEBRIS

Julia Dolan, ATF Laboratory

Introduction

Gas Chromatography

Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry

Approaches to GC-MS Data Analysis

Criteria for Identification of Ignitable Liquids and their

Residues

Recent Advances in instrumental Techniques

Summary

References

THE ASTM METHODS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FIRE DEBRIS EVIDENCE; ISOLATION, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND CLASSIFICATION

Reta Newman, Pinellas County Forensic Lab

Introduction

Evidence Handling Standards

Standard Practices for the Separation of Ignitable Liquid

Residues from Fire Debris

Standard Test Methods for the Analysis of Ignitable Liquid

Residues in Extracts

ASTM Ignitable Liquid Residue Classification

Summary

References

THE INTERPRETATION OF DATA GENERATED FROM FIRE DEBRIS EXAMINATION; REPORT WRITING AND TESTIMONY

Perry Michael Koussiafes, State of Florida Fire Marshal's Laboratory

Interpretation

Reports

Definitions

Additional Background

Testimony

Spelling List

NEW DEVELOPMENTS AND QUALITY ASSURANCE IN FIRE DEBRIS ANALYSIS

Jose R. Almirall and Jeannette Perr, International Forensic Research Institute and Department of Chemistry, Florida International University

Introduction

New Developments in Extraction Methods

New Developments in Analytical Methods

Field Techniques

Quality Assurance

Conclusions

References

About the Series

Forensic Science Techniques

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science