1st Edition

Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments

By Thomas Roy Crompton Copyright 2016
    320 Pages
    by CRC Press

    317 Pages
    by CRC Press

    The presence of concentrations of organic substances and cations in seawater is a matter of increasing concern to the water industry, environmentalists and the general public alike. It poses a threat of possible health hazards for humans, fish and crustacea. Until fairly recently, the analysis of seawater was limited to a number of major constituents such as chloride and alkalinity. Insufficient attention was given to the analysis of sediments.

    Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments draws attention to the methods available for analysing sediments in seawater. It covers classical methods as well as the most advanced and recently introduced physical techniques. It also discusses the sensitivities and limitations of the methods.

    The book is comprised of two major components. The first is a review of the occurrence of organic compounds and cations as well as examples of pollution by these substances in the ocean. The second is concerned with determination of the concentrations of organic compounds and metals, including an in-depth examination of the most sensitive analytical methods that are available and necessary for detecting them due to their low concentrations in the ocean.

    A detailed exploration of the largely overlooked area of oceanic sediment analysis, this book is of high interest for all professionals in the water industry, from river management to fish industries, sewage effluent treatment and disposal, land drainage and water supply. Its scope also applies to agriculturalists, chemists, biologists, toxicologists, public health workers and public analysts.

    Sampling Devices and Sample Storage of Nonsaline Water and Seawater
    Sampling Devices
    Analysis of Surface Samples
    Surface Sampling
    Intercomparison of Sampling Devices and Analytical Techniques Using Water from a CEPEX (Controlled Ecosystem Pollution Experiment Enclosure)
    Intercomparison of Seawater Sampling for Trace Metals
    References

    Sample Preservation during Shipment and Storage
    Losses of Silver, Arsenic, Cadmium, Selenium, and Zinc from Seawater by Sorption on Various Container Surfaces
    Losses of Cadmium, Lead, and Copper from Seawater in Low-Density Polyethylene Containers
    Losses of Zinc, Cadmium, Strontium, Antimony, Iron, Silver, Copper, Cobalt, Rubidium, Scandium, and Uranium from Water Samples in Polyethylene and Glass Containers
    References

    Determination of Cations in Seawater
    Aluminum
    Ammonium
    Antimony
    Arsenic
    Barium
    Beryllium
    Bismuth
    Boron
    Cadmium
    Caesium
    Calcium
    Cerium
    Chromium
    Cobalt
    Copper
    Dysprosium
    Erbium
    Europium
    Gadolinium
    Gallium
    Germanium Hydride Generation Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    Gold
    Holmium
    Indium
    Iridium
    Iron
    Lanthanum
    Lead
    Lithium
    Lutecium
    Magnesium
    Manganese
    Mercury
    Molybdenum
    Neodymium
    Neptunium
    Nickel
    Osmium
    Palladium
    Platinum
    Plutonium
    Polonium
    Potassium
    Praseodymium
    Promethium
    Radium
    Rhenium
    Rubidium
    Samarium
    Scandium
    Selenium
    Silver
    Sodium
    Strontium
    Technetium
    Tellurium
    Terbium
    Thallium
    Thorium
    Thulium
    Tin
    Titanium
    Tungsten
    Uranium
    Vanadium
    Ytterbium
    Yttrium
    Zinc
    Zirconium
    Multimetal Analysis
    References

    Metal Preconcentration Techniques in Seawater
    Chelation: Seawater Extraction
    Adsorption on Ion-Exchange Resins
    Adsorption on Chelex Ion-Exchange Resins
    Preconcentration on Other Solid Phases
    Coprecipitation Methods
    Preconcentration by Flow Injection Analysis
    Cloud Point Extraction
    References

    Determination of Organic Compounds in Seawater
    Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    Dissolved Gases
    Phenols
    Carboxylic Acids
    Carbohydrates
    Chloro Compounds
    Bromo Compounds
    Fluoro Compounds
    Nitrogen Compounds
    Sulphur-Containing Compounds
    Phosphorous-Containing Compounds
    Surface Active Agents
    Chlorophylls
    Insecticides
    Antibiotics
    Pharmaceuticals
    Oestrogens
    Phospholipids
    Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans
    Lipids
    Volatile Organic Compounds
    Flavins
    Pectenotoxins
    Biogenic and Anthropogenic Compounds
    Oxygen Demand Measurement
    References

    Determination of Organometallic Compounds in Seawaters
    Organotin Compounds
    Organomercury Compounds
    Organoarsenic Compounds
    Organolead Compounds
    Organocadmium Compounds
    References

    Coastal and Estuary Waters
    Metals
    Organic Compounds
    Organometallic Compounds
    References

    Determination of Metals in Marine Sediments
    Separation and Fractionation of Sediments from Seawater
    Determination of Metals
    Determination of Nonmetals
    Radioelements
    References

    Determination of Organic Compounds in Marine Sediments
    Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
    Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    Oxygen-Containing Compounds
    Halogen-Containing Compounds
    Nitrogen-Containing Compounds
    Sulphur-Containing Compounds
    Phosphorus-Containing Compounds
    Insecticides
    Sterols
    Humic and Fulvic Acids
    Lignin
    Priority Pollutants
    Organic Carbon Parameters
    References

    Determination of Organometallic Compounds in Marine Sediments
    Organotin Compounds
    Organolead Compounds
    Organo‚ÄďArsenic Compounds
    Organomercury Compounds
    References

    Biography

    Thomas Roy Crompton