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Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments




ISBN 9781498701525
Published February 1, 2016 by CRC Press
317 Pages

 
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Book Description

The presence of concentrations of organic substances and cations in seawater is a matter of increasing concern to the water industry, environmentalists and the general public alike. It poses a threat of possible health hazards for humans, fish and crustacea. Until fairly recently, the analysis of seawater was limited to a number of major constituents such as chloride and alkalinity. Insufficient attention was given to the analysis of sediments.

Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments draws attention to the methods available for analysing sediments in seawater. It covers classical methods as well as the most advanced and recently introduced physical techniques. It also discusses the sensitivities and limitations of the methods.

The book is comprised of two major components. The first is a review of the occurrence of organic compounds and cations as well as examples of pollution by these substances in the ocean. The second is concerned with determination of the concentrations of organic compounds and metals, including an in-depth examination of the most sensitive analytical methods that are available and necessary for detecting them due to their low concentrations in the ocean.

A detailed exploration of the largely overlooked area of oceanic sediment analysis, this book is of high interest for all professionals in the water industry, from river management to fish industries, sewage effluent treatment and disposal, land drainage and water supply. Its scope also applies to agriculturalists, chemists, biologists, toxicologists, public health workers and public analysts.

Table of Contents

Sampling Devices and Sample Storage of Nonsaline Water and Seawater
Sampling Devices
Analysis of Surface Samples
Surface Sampling
Intercomparison of Sampling Devices and Analytical Techniques Using Water from a CEPEX (Controlled Ecosystem Pollution Experiment Enclosure)
Intercomparison of Seawater Sampling for Trace Metals
References

Sample Preservation during Shipment and Storage
Losses of Silver, Arsenic, Cadmium, Selenium, and Zinc from Seawater by Sorption on Various Container Surfaces
Losses of Cadmium, Lead, and Copper from Seawater in Low-Density Polyethylene Containers
Losses of Zinc, Cadmium, Strontium, Antimony, Iron, Silver, Copper, Cobalt, Rubidium, Scandium, and Uranium from Water Samples in Polyethylene and Glass Containers
References

Determination of Cations in Seawater
Aluminum
Ammonium
Antimony
Arsenic
Barium
Beryllium
Bismuth
Boron
Cadmium
Caesium
Calcium
Cerium
Chromium
Cobalt
Copper
Dysprosium
Erbium
Europium
Gadolinium
Gallium
Germanium Hydride Generation Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
Gold
Holmium
Indium
Iridium
Iron
Lanthanum
Lead
Lithium
Lutecium
Magnesium
Manganese
Mercury
Molybdenum
Neodymium
Neptunium
Nickel
Osmium
Palladium
Platinum
Plutonium
Polonium
Potassium
Praseodymium
Promethium
Radium
Rhenium
Rubidium
Samarium
Scandium
Selenium
Silver
Sodium
Strontium
Technetium
Tellurium
Terbium
Thallium
Thorium
Thulium
Tin
Titanium
Tungsten
Uranium
Vanadium
Ytterbium
Yttrium
Zinc
Zirconium
Multimetal Analysis
References

Metal Preconcentration Techniques in Seawater
Chelation: Seawater Extraction
Adsorption on Ion-Exchange Resins
Adsorption on Chelex Ion-Exchange Resins
Preconcentration on Other Solid Phases
Coprecipitation Methods
Preconcentration by Flow Injection Analysis
Cloud Point Extraction
References

Determination of Organic Compounds in Seawater
Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Dissolved Gases
Phenols
Carboxylic Acids
Carbohydrates
Chloro Compounds
Bromo Compounds
Fluoro Compounds
Nitrogen Compounds
Sulphur-Containing Compounds
Phosphorous-Containing Compounds
Surface Active Agents
Chlorophylls
Insecticides
Antibiotics
Pharmaceuticals
Oestrogens
Phospholipids
Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans
Lipids
Volatile Organic Compounds
Flavins
Pectenotoxins
Biogenic and Anthropogenic Compounds
Oxygen Demand Measurement
References

Determination of Organometallic Compounds in Seawaters
Organotin Compounds
Organomercury Compounds
Organoarsenic Compounds
Organolead Compounds
Organocadmium Compounds
References

Coastal and Estuary Waters
Metals
Organic Compounds
Organometallic Compounds
References

Determination of Metals in Marine Sediments
Separation and Fractionation of Sediments from Seawater
Determination of Metals
Determination of Nonmetals
Radioelements
References

Determination of Organic Compounds in Marine Sediments
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Oxygen-Containing Compounds
Halogen-Containing Compounds
Nitrogen-Containing Compounds
Sulphur-Containing Compounds
Phosphorus-Containing Compounds
Insecticides
Sterols
Humic and Fulvic Acids
Lignin
Priority Pollutants
Organic Carbon Parameters
References

Determination of Organometallic Compounds in Marine Sediments
Organotin Compounds
Organolead Compounds
Organo–Arsenic Compounds
Organomercury Compounds
References

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Author(s)

Biography

Thomas Roy Crompton