Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments

1st Edition

By Thomas Roy Crompton

CRC Press

297 pages

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Description

The presence of concentrations of organic substances and cations in seawater is a matter of increasing concern to the water industry, environmentalists and the general public alike. It poses a threat of possible health hazards for humans, fish and crustacea. Until fairly recently, the analysis of seawater was limited to a number of major constituents such as chloride and alkalinity. Insufficient attention was given to the analysis of sediments.

Analysis of Oceanic Waters and Sediments draws attention to the methods available for analysing sediments in seawater. It covers classical methods as well as the most advanced and recently introduced physical techniques. It also discusses the sensitivities and limitations of the methods.

The book is comprised of two major components. The first is a review of the occurrence of organic compounds and cations as well as examples of pollution by these substances in the ocean. The second is concerned with determination of the concentrations of organic compounds and metals, including an in-depth examination of the most sensitive analytical methods that are available and necessary for detecting them due to their low concentrations in the ocean.

A detailed exploration of the largely overlooked area of oceanic sediment analysis, this book is of high interest for all professionals in the water industry, from river management to fish industries, sewage effluent treatment and disposal, land drainage and water supply. Its scope also applies to agriculturalists, chemists, biologists, toxicologists, public health workers and public analysts.

Table of Contents

Sampling Devices and Sample Storage of Nonsaline Water and Seawater

Sampling Devices

Analysis of Surface Samples

Surface Sampling

Intercomparison of Sampling Devices and Analytical Techniques Using Water from a CEPEX (Controlled Ecosystem Pollution Experiment Enclosure)

Intercomparison of Seawater Sampling for Trace Metals

References

Sample Preservation during Shipment and Storage

Losses of Silver, Arsenic, Cadmium, Selenium, and Zinc from Seawater by Sorption on Various Container Surfaces

Losses of Cadmium, Lead, and Copper from Seawater in Low-Density Polyethylene Containers

Losses of Zinc, Cadmium, Strontium, Antimony, Iron, Silver, Copper, Cobalt, Rubidium, Scandium, and Uranium from Water Samples in Polyethylene and Glass Containers

References

Determination of Cations in Seawater

Aluminum

Ammonium

Antimony

Arsenic

Barium

Beryllium

Bismuth

Boron

Cadmium

Caesium

Calcium

Cerium

Chromium

Cobalt

Copper

Dysprosium

Erbium

Europium

Gadolinium

Gallium

Germanium Hydride Generation Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Gold

Holmium

Indium

Iridium

Iron

Lanthanum

Lead

Lithium

Lutecium

Magnesium

Manganese

Mercury

Molybdenum

Neodymium

Neptunium

Nickel

Osmium

Palladium

Platinum

Plutonium

Polonium

Potassium

Praseodymium

Promethium

Radium

Rhenium

Rubidium

Samarium

Scandium

Selenium

Silver

Sodium

Strontium

Technetium

Tellurium

Terbium

Thallium

Thorium

Thulium

Tin

Titanium

Tungsten

Uranium

Vanadium

Ytterbium

Yttrium

Zinc

Zirconium

Multimetal Analysis

References

Metal Preconcentration Techniques in Seawater

Chelation: Seawater Extraction

Adsorption on Ion-Exchange Resins

Adsorption on Chelex Ion-Exchange Resins

Preconcentration on Other Solid Phases

Coprecipitation Methods

Preconcentration by Flow Injection Analysis

Cloud Point Extraction

References

Determination of Organic Compounds in Seawater

Aliphatic and Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Dissolved Gases

Phenols

Carboxylic Acids

Carbohydrates

Chloro Compounds

Bromo Compounds

Fluoro Compounds

Nitrogen Compounds

Sulphur-Containing Compounds

Phosphorous-Containing Compounds

Surface Active Agents

Chlorophylls

Insecticides

Antibiotics

Pharmaceuticals

Oestrogens

Phospholipids

Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans

Lipids

Volatile Organic Compounds

Flavins

Pectenotoxins

Biogenic and Anthropogenic Compounds

Oxygen Demand Measurement

References

Determination of Organometallic Compounds in Seawaters

Organotin Compounds

Organomercury Compounds

Organoarsenic Compounds

Organolead Compounds

Organocadmium Compounds

References

Coastal and Estuary Waters

Metals

Organic Compounds

Organometallic Compounds

References

Determination of Metals in Marine Sediments

Separation and Fractionation of Sediments from Seawater

Determination of Metals

Determination of Nonmetals

Radioelements

References

Determination of Organic Compounds in Marine Sediments

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Oxygen-Containing Compounds

Halogen-Containing Compounds

Nitrogen-Containing Compounds

Sulphur-Containing Compounds

Phosphorus-Containing Compounds

Insecticides

Sterols

Humic and Fulvic Acids

Lignin

Priority Pollutants

Organic Carbon Parameters

References

Determination of Organometallic Compounds in Marine Sediments

Organotin Compounds

Organolead Compounds

Organo–Arsenic Compounds

Organomercury Compounds

References

About the Author

Thomas Roy Crompton

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013010
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Analytic
SCI039000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology