Analysis of Time Series Structure
SSA and Related Techniques
Over the last 15 years, singular spectrum analysis (SSA) has proven very successful. It has already become a standard tool in climatic and meteorological time series analysis and well known in nonlinear physics and signal processing. However, despite the promise it holds for time series applications in other disciplines, SSA is not widely known among statisticians and econometrists, and although the basic SSA algorithm looks simple, understanding what it does and where its pitfalls lay is by no means simple.
Analysis of Time Series Structure: SSA and Related Techniques provides a careful, lucid description of its general theory and methodology. Part I introduces the basic concepts, and sets forth the main findings and results, then presents a detailed treatment of the methodology. After introducing the basic SSA algorithm, the authors explore forecasting and apply SSA ideas to change-point detection algorithms. Part II is devoted to the theory of SSA. Here the authors formulate and prove the statements of Part I. They address the singular value decomposition (SVD) of real matrices, time series of finite rank, and SVD of trajectory matrices.
Based on the authors' original work and filled with applications illustrated with real data sets, this book offers an outstanding opportunity to obtain a working knowledge of why, when, and how SSA works. It builds a strong foundation for successfully using the technique in applications ranging from mathematics and nonlinear physics to economics, biology, oceanology, social science, engineering, financial econometrics, and market research.
Table of Contents
PART I SSA: METHODOLOGY
Basic SSA: Description
Steps in Basic SSA: Comments
Basic SSA: Basic Capabilities
Time Series and SSA Tasks
Choice of SSA Parameters
Supplementary SSA techniques
SSA Recurrent Forecasting Algorithm
Continuation and Approximate Continuation
Modifications to Basic SSA R-Forecasting
Forecast Confidence Bounds
Summary and Recommendations
Examples and Effects
SSA DETECTION OF STRUCTURAL CHANGES
Main Definitions and Concepts
Homogeneity and Heterogeneity
Heterogeneity and Separabiity
Choice of Detection Parameters
Additional Detection Characteristics
PART II SSA: THEORY
SINGULAR VALUE DECOMPOSITION
Existence and Uniqueness
Optimality of SVDs
Centering in SVD
TIME SERIES OF FINITE RANK
Time Series Of Finite Rank
Series of Finite Rank and Recurrent Formulae
Time Series Continuation
SVD OF TRAJECTORY MATRICES
Mathematics of Separability
Centering in SSA
SSA for Stationary Series
List of Data Sets and Their Sources
"[This] is the first book on SSA aimed at statisticians. The authors provide clear and concise descriptions of the basic methodology of this new technique, and this is a welcome reference text for time series practitioners. … This book provides the background to successfully understand and intelligently apply SSA. I strongly recommend it to anyone interested in time series analysis."
- Journal of the American Statistical Association
"This book summarizes the results published on SSA in the last 15 years. It is a good source of SSA methodology for scientists who wish to complement classical procedures for time series analysis by SSA tools."
- Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2002
"…the formal mathematical theory, which underpins the method, is laid out with admirable clarity. The authors have performed a service to the statistical community by writing this book. It is likely to become the standard reference to SSA; helpful to the applied statistician who wishes to analyse a times series and also to the theoretician who may wish to develop this interesting approach to time series analysis further."
Short Book Reviews of the ISI
"The present monograph is dedicated to a recently proposed technique, singular spectrum analysis (SSA), that can be considered an extension of Pearson's problem to the situation in which the points in the space correspond to realizations of a time series…it is an important contribution to a modern area that is becoming increasingly needed in problems of electrical engineering, economics, meteorology, oceanography, and other fields. The authors should be commended for bringing this method to the attention of the statistical community."
-Andrew L. Rukhin, University of Maryland at Baltimore County for Technometrics, August 2002