Analytical Chemistry of PCBs: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Analytical Chemistry of PCBs

2nd Edition

By Mitchell D. Erickson

CRC Press

688 pages

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Hardback: 9780873719230
pub: 1997-01-24
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Description

This updated and expanded Second Edition of Dr. Erickson's Analytical Chemistry of PCBs appears a decade after the first and is completely revised and updated. The changes from the First Edition reflect the significant growth in the area and a growing appreciation of the importance of PCB analysis to our culture. This book is a comprehensive review of the analytical chemistry of PCBs. It is part history, part annotated bibliography, part comparison, and part guidance. Featuring a new chapter on analyst/customer interactions and several new appendices, the Second Edition is an invaluable resource for both chemists with no experience in PCB analysis and seasoned PCB researchers.

All topics have been more thoroughly treated and updated in this new edition to reflect advances made in the last decade, especially:

Reviews

"…contains an enormous wealth of information and is an extremely comprehensive reference book…really has everything: extraction; cleanup; determination; QC; etc., for determining PCBs in a wide variety of matrices."-D.J. Roberts, School of Chemistry, University of Bristol

Table of Contents

Introduction

Overview of PCB Properties, Uses, and Occurrence

Regulatory History

Analytical Chemistry of PCBs

Physical, Chemical, Commercial, Environmental, and Biological Properties

Introduction

PCB Nomenclature

Physical Properties

Synthesis and Standards

Production and Use

Environmental Occurrence

Environmental Transport and Fate

Destruction, Degradation, and Metabolism

Toxicology

Occupational Exposure and Its Effects

Analytical Procedures

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Procedures

ANSI and ASTM Procedures

Procedures for Food and Fish

Procedures for Byproduct Analysis

Future Needs

Sample Collection and Storage

Sampling Design

Water

Air

Natural Gas in Pipelines

Soils and Sediments

Other Solids

Surfaces

Oil, Dielectric Fluids, Etc.

Biological Samples

Extraction

General Considerations

Water

Sewage and Sludge

Sediment and Soil

Air

Blood

Animal and Plant Tissues

Paper Products

Oils

Wipes and Other Bulk Samples

Ancillary Considerations

Cleanup

Adsorbent Column Chromatography

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

Thin-Layer Chromatography

Adsorbent Slurry Techniques

Gel Permeation Chromatography

Liquid-Liquid Partitioning

Chemical Degradation

Cleanup and Oil Samples

Sulfur Removal

Comparison of Cleanup Techniques

Criteria for Choice of a Cleanup Technique

Validation of Cleanup Techniques

Future Needs

Determination

Criteria for Choice of Techniques

Gas Chromatography

Thin-Layer Chromatography

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

Nonchromatographic Methods

Confirmation

Field Analyses

Screening

Summary

Data Reduction

Qualitative

Quantitative

Data Reporting

Potential Improvements in Data Reduction

Quality Assurance

General Considerations

Special Considerations in PCB Analyses

Previous QC Measures

Recommended QA/QC Measures

Potential Improvements in QA

Collaborative Studies

Wildlife

Chicken Fat and Fish

Paperboard

Marine Sediments

Quantitation Techniques and Milk

Paper Mill Effluent

Ambient Air

Wet Lake Sediment

Naturally Contaminated Dry Sediments

Dry Pigments

Insulating Oils

Byproducts from Industrial Processes

Bovine Serum

Byproducts in a Chlorinated Aromatic Waste

Herring

Lubricating Oils

Municipal and Industrial Wastewater

PCBs in Oil

PCBs in Mineral Oil by ASTM D 4059

Eel Fat Extracts

Transformer Oils

Homologs in Water, Soil, and Sediment by GC/MS

Oil

Soxtec Extraction of Soils

Congeners in Solution

Aroclor 1260 in Soil

Preparation of Calibration Solutions

Pipeline Condensates

Specific Congeners in Milk

Non- and Mono-Ortho-Substituted Congeners in Herring Oil

GC/Ion Trap MS Evaluation

Procurement and Execution of PCB Analyses

Responsibilities of the Requester

Responsibilities of the Analyst

Procurement of PCB Analyses

Bibliography

Appendices

Nomenclature of PCBs

Composition of Some Commercial PCB Mixtures

Mass Spectral Characteristics of PCBs

GC/ECD Chromatograms of Aroclor Mixtures

PCB Information Package from EPA TSCA Assistance Information Service

Materials Safety Data Sheet for PCBs, Monsanto Company

Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Database

Terms and Abbreviations

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013010
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Analytic