Analytical Chemistry of Uranium: Environmental, Forensic, Nuclear, and Toxicological Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Analytical Chemistry of Uranium

Environmental, Forensic, Nuclear, and Toxicological Applications, 1st Edition

By Zeev Karpas

CRC Press

324 pages | 99 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781482220582
pub: 2014-11-21
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Description

Accurate uranium analysis, and particularly for isotope measurements, is essential in many fields, including environmental studies, geology, hydrogeology, the nuclear industry, health physics, and homeland security. Nevertheless, only a few scientific books are dedicated to uranium in general and analytical chemistry aspects in particular. Analytical Chemistry of Uranium: Environmental, Forensic, Nuclear, and Toxicological Applications covers the fascinating advances in the field of analytical chemistry of uranium.

Exploring a broad range of topics, the book focuses on the analytical aspects of industrial processes that involve uranium, its presence in the environment, health and biological implications of exposure to uranium compounds, and nuclear forensics.

Topics include:

  • Examples of procedures used to characterize uranium in environmental samples of soil, sediments, vegetation, water, and air
  • Analytical methods used to examine the rigorous specifications of uranium and its compounds deployed in the nuclear fuel cycle
  • Health aspects of exposure to uranium and the bioassays used for exposure assessment
  • Up-to-date analytical techniques used in nuclear forensics for safeguards in support of non-proliferation, including single particle characterization

Each chapter includes an overview of the topic and several examples to demonstrate the analytical procedures. This is followed by sample preparation, separation and purification techniques where necessary. The book supplies readers with a solid understanding of the analytical chemistry approach used today for characterizing the different facets of uranium, providing a good starting point for further investigation into this important element.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Fundamental Properties of Uranium and Its Compounds, the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, and Analytical Methods Used for Characterizing Uranium

Fundamentals of Uranium and Its Chemistry

Uranium in the NFC

Modern Analytical Techniques in a Nutshell

Industrial Applications

Industrial Considerations

Analytical Chemistry of Uranium Ores

Analytical Chemistry in the NFC

Depleted Uranium and Its Characterization

Determination of Uranium in Environmental Samples

Uranium Content in Soil

Uranium Content in Plants and Vegetation

Soil-to-Plant Transfer Factors

Uranium Content in Natural Freshwater Sources and Oceans

Uranium Content in Air and Other Environmental Samples

Exposure, Toxicity, and Biomonitoring of Uranium Exposure

Exposure Pathways

Toxicity

Bioassays for Uranium Exposure

Dose Assessment and Treatment of Exposed People

Trace Analysis and Nuclear Forensics

Nuclear Fingerprints

Bulk Analysis and Single Particle Analysis

Trace Analysis and Safeguards

Nuclear Forensics

Summary

Index

About the Author

Dr. Zeev Karpas received his Ph. D. in 1976 (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel). In 1978 he joined the Nuclear Research Centre, Negev (Beer-Sheva, Israel) from which he retired as a Senior Research Scientist in 2013. Dr. Karpas has research interests mainly in the toxicological and environmental applications of laser-ablation and ICPMS and in the technology and science of ion mobility spectrometry and is the co-author of three monographs on the subject.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013010
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Analytic
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics