Anatolica: Studies in the Greek East in the 18th and 19th Centuries, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover


Studies in the Greek East in the 18th and 19th Centuries, 1st Edition

By Richard Clogg


334 pages

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Hardback: 9780860785439
pub: 1996-06-20
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Until 1923 there were large Greek populations outside the boundaries of the Greek state in many areas of the Near and Middle East. These constituted what the Greeks term I kath'imas Anatoli ('our East') and were the focus for the Megali Idea, the 'Great Idea' of incorporating the Greeks of the region within a single state, with Constantiople as its capital. Professor Clogg deals here with the history of this Greek East in the 18th and 19th centuries and at the same time makes a contribution to the study of the Ottoman world within which they lived. The opening articles examine how these communities were defined, in religious terms (many were Turkish-speaking), and their organisation as part of the Ottoman system of government. Further studies then look at factors, economic, intellectual and messianic, which contributed to the emergence of the Greek state and its expansionist aspirations, and at aspects of religious history, including Protestant missionary activity and the Orthodox reaction to Enlightenment thought.


'This is a rewarding book which will appeal both to the specialist and to those interested in the Hellenic world during the last 250 years.' The Anglo-Hellenic Review

Table of Contents

Contents: I kath'imas Anatoli: the Greek East in the 18th and 19th centuries; The Greek millet in the Ottoman Empire; Anadolu Hiristiyan Karindaslarimiz; The Byzantine legacy in the modern Greek world: the Megali Idea; The Dhidhaskalia Patriki (1798): an Orthodox reaction to French revolutionary propaganda; Elite and popular culture in Greece under Turkish rule; Korais and England; Anti-clericalism in pre-independence Greece c.1750-1821; ’Eide ston Tourko vasilevei i adikia kai i arpagi’: the Smyrna ’rebellion’ of 1797; The Greek mercantile bourgeoisie: ’progressive’ or ’reactionary’?; Sense of the past in pre-independence Greece; Some karamanlidika inscriptions from the Monastery of the Zoodokhos Pigi, Balikli, Istanbul; Benjamin Barker's journal of a tour in Thrace (1823); Some Protestant tracts printed at the press of Ecumenical Patriarchate in Constantinople: 1818-1820; A little-known Orthodox neo-martyr, Athanasios of Smyrna (1819); The correspondence of Adhamantios Korais with the British and Foreign Bible society; A further note on the French newspapers of Istanbul during the revolutionary period (1795-97); An attempt to revive Turkish printing in Istanbul in 1779; Index.

About the Series

Variorum Collected Studies

The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.

The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.

Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource. 

For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General