Andean States and the Resource Curse
Institutional Change in Extractive Economies
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This volume explores institutional change and performance in the resource-rich Andean countries during the last resource-boom and in the early post-boom years.
The latest global commodity boom has profoundly marked the face of the resource-rich Andean region, significantly contributing to economic growth and notable reductions of poverty and income inequality. The boom also constituted a period of important institutional change with these new institutions sharing the potential of preventing or mitigating the maladies extractive economies tend to suffer from, generally denominated as the “resource curse”. This volume explores these institutional changes in the Andean region to identify the factors that have shaped their emergence and to assess their performance. The interdisciplinary and comparative perspective of the chapters in this book provide fine-grained analyses of different new institutions introduced in the Andean countries and discusses their findings in the light of the resource curse approach. They argue that institutional change and performance depend upon a much larger set of factors than those generally identified by the resource curse literature. Different, domestic and external, economic, political and cultural factors such as ideological positions of decision-makers, international pressure or informal practices have shaped institutional dynamics in the region. Altogether, these findings emphasize the importance of nuanced and contextualized analysis to better understand institutional dynamics in the context of extractive economies.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of the extractive industries, natural resource management, political economics, Latin American studies and sustainable development.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Introduction
1. A Curse over the Andes? The Resource Curse Approach and Institutional Change in the Andean Region
Bettina Schorr and Gerardo Damonte
Part 2: Empirical Studies
2. Fiscal Reforms and Institutional Changes in the Andean Region: Revenues Volatility and Unequal Distribution of Regional Income
Juan Pablo Jiménez
3. Cash Transfers as Citizen’ Dividend of the Resource Boom: Opportunities and Challenges of Social Protection in Bolivia
Pablo Evia Salas
4. Growing under the Shadow of Oil: Institutionalizing the Mining Sector in Ecuador Between 2002 and 2019
5. Hybrid Institutions: Institutionalizing Practices in the Context of Extractive Expansion
6. Prior Consultation to Halt the Resource Curse? Potentials and Pitfalls of a Participatory Innovation in Peru and its Implications for the Andean Countries
7. The Curse Among Citizens: Corruption, Democracy and Citizen Participation in the Andean Region
Daniel E. Moreno Morales
8. Towards New Rules for Political Transparency: Lessons from Anti-corruption Initiatives in Peru and Chile
9. Between Environmental Subsystem Change and Extractive Regime Resilience: Beyond the Apparent Development of Chilean Environmental Institutions (1990−2019)
Antoine Maillet and Sebastián Carrasco
10. Strengthening or Weakening Environmental Institutions? Chile and the Establishment and Use of Environmental Courts in an Extractive Economy
Violeta Rabi and Fernando Campos
11. New Institutions, Old Practices: The Weakening of the New Environmental Control Institutions in Peru
Maritza Paredes and Lorena Figueroa
12. How to Institutionalize Sustainability? Analyzing the Enforcement of reparación integral and Environmental Law in the Hydrocarbon Sector in Ecuador
13. Changes to the Environmental Monitoring Institutions for the Mining Sector in San Juan, Argentina
Part 3: Conclusions and Road Ahead
14. Institutional Change in Extractive Economies: A Research Agenda from the Andes
Bettina Schorr and Gerardo Damonte
Gerardo Damonte is a professor of the Department of Social Sciences at Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCP). He holds a PhD in Anthropology from Cornell University. Along with being member of the trAndeS Executive Committee, he is also Principal Investigator of the Development Analysis Group (GRADE) in Lima. His research addresses socio-environmental issues in Latin America, particularly the social dynamics linked to global extractive development.
Bettina Schorr holds a PhD in Political Science from the Department of International Relations and Foreign Policy Analysis of Universität zu Köln, Germany. Her research interests include social inequalities and sustainable development, institutional change and dynamics of social conflicts (contentious politics). Currently, she is a lecturer at the Institute for Latin American Studies at Freie Universität Berlin, Germany, and the program director of trAndeS – Postgraduate Program on Social Inequalities and Sustainable Development in the Andean Region.