This first book in English on the French composer André Jolivet (1905–1974) investigates his music, life and influence. A pupil of Varèse and colleague of Messiaen in La Jeune France, Jolivet is a major figure in French music of the twentieth century. His music combines innovative language with spirituality, summarised in his self-declared axiom to ‘restore music’s ancient original meaning when it was the magic and incantatory expression of the sacred in human communities’. The book’s contextual introduction is followed by contributions, edited by Caroline Rae, from leading international scholars including the composer’s daughter Christine Jolivet-Erlih. These assess Jolivet’s output and activities from the 1920s through to his last works, exploring creative process, aesthetic, his relationship with the exotic and influences from literature. They also examine, for the first time, the significance of Jolivet’s involvement with the visual arts and his activities as conductor, teacher and critic. A chronology of Jolivet’s life and works with details of first performances provides valuable overview and reference. This fascinating and comprehensive volume is an indispensable source for research into French music and culture of the twentieth century.
Table of Contents
Style and Process 1. Jolivet and the Style incantatoire: Aspects of a Hybrid Tradition - Julian Anderson 2. Inside the Composer’s Workshop: Jolivet’s Manuscripts at the Bibliothèque nationale de France - Catherine Massip (translated by Caroline Rae) 3. Jolivet’s Early Music Theory and its Practice in the Cinq danses rituelles (1939) - Deborah Mawer 4. Épithalame (1953): A Case Study for Voices - Lucie Kayas Influences 5. Jolivet and the Visual Arts: Interactions and Influences - Caroline Rae 6. An Exploration of Jolivet’s Vocal Works - Christine Jolivet-Erlih and Catherine Massip (translated by Caroline Rae) 7. The Anxiety of Exoticism: Jolivet’s Relationship with Non-Western Musics - Caroline Potter 8. Jolivet Revisited: Messiaen’s Borrowings in the Incantatory Works of the 1930s - Yves Balmer, Thomas Lacôte and Christopher Murray 9. Sourcing Jolivet’s Compositional Aesthetic: Literary Influences and his Library - Caroline Rae Activities 10. Jolivet and the USSR - Christine Jolivet-Erlih (translated by Caroline Rae) 11. Jolivet as Critic: a Mirror of Music during the Occupation - Nigel Simeone 12. Jolivet as Teacher: Programme, Method and Philosophy - Pascal Terrien (translated by Caroline Rae) 13. Jolivet and the Function of Performance - Jean-Claire Vançon (translated by Caroline Rae)
Caroline Rae is a Reader in Music at Cardiff University and pianist. She has published widely on twentieth-century French music as well as on the musical writings of Alejo Carpentier, and is author of The Music of Maurice Ohana (Ashgate, 2000), editor of the revised and expanded edition of Robert Sherlaw Johnson’s Messiaen (Omnibus, 2008) and contributing co-editor of Dutilleux at 95 (Contemporary Music Review, 2010). She was Series Advisor to the Philharmonia Orchestra’s landmark festival City of Light: Paris 1900–1950 and has been a programming consultant to the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, projects including BBC Discovering Dutilleux Festival, Jolivet Composer Portrait and Paul Sacher Perspectives season. She is a frequent broadcaster on BBC Radio 3. As a pianist, she was a pupil of Dame Fanny Waterman and Yvonne Loriod-Messiaen and remains active as a performer. She was made a Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her services to French music in 2018.
‘This volume of essays on André Jolivet restores the reputation of a composer overshadowed by his slightly younger contemporary Olivier Messiaen – undeservedly, because, as the authors show, it was Messiaen who was greatly indebted to Jolivet. The authors – headed by the book's editor Caroline Rae – illuminate not only the currents and cross-currents in Jolivet's music but also set these in the context of his work as a conductor, writer, teacher, critic and accomplished painter. Beautifully written and illustrated, the book is an indispensable companion to one of the most strikingly original figures of French twentieth-century music.’
Peter Hill, University of Sheffield, UK.
‘André Jolivet: Music, Art and Literature is the first book in English devoted to this significant composer and brings together internationally leading figures who use new archival sources to argue convincingly for Jolivet’s originality and independence.’
Barbara L. Kelly, Royal Northern College of Music, UK.
'This brilliantly-marshalled volume makes no exaggeration in claiming that Jolivet is a neglected, but crucial, figure in the development of 20th-century French music. It is altogether a book whose depth goes way beyond its title: providing an invaluable scaffolding for the study of French music in the inter-war years.'
Richard Langham Smith, Royal College of Music, UK