Viewing language as a dynamic semiotic system that shapes and is shaped by cultural, social, and cognitive factors alike, the materials gathered in this new Major Work collection from Routledge explore how people in communities worldwide think about language, talk about language, use language, and change language. The collected works illustrate the ways in which language practices—spoken, written, and signed—are resources that participants use for creating social worlds and accomplishing a wide range of activities within those worlds. Furthermore, they demonstrate how analysts use linguistic and cultural practices, and the ideologies that shape them, to provide insights into the complexities of everyday, as well as less commonly occurring, social encounters.
Theoretical essays are complemented with readings that illustrate, integrate, and often advance these frameworks. Focus is on work that emphasizes the importance of cultural contexts in analysing the linguistic practices in which they are embedded; the role talk-in-interaction in establishing, maintaining, or transforming social realities; and the linguistic and communicative resources and strategies that speakers use in conforming others to their point of view. Selections range from investigations, for example, of how speakers create and assert identities in particular kinds of face-to-face interactions; how political institutions, including language academies and experts, attempt to regiment the language practices of particular communities, and how such attempts are resisted; and how various technologies and media, including literacy, radio, television, cellular telephones, and computers, are transforming communicative landscapes at local, national, transnational, and global levels.
Primarily drawing on the work of linguistic anthropologists, the collection will be of interest to those working in Social and Cultural Anthropology, the Sociology of Language, Sociolinguistics, Communications, Discourse Analysis, Language and Education, Rhetoric, and other fields in which scholars and students explore how language use creates and shapes social worlds.
Table of Contents
Anthropological Linguistics: Critical Concepts in Language Studies
Bambi B. Schieffelin and Paul B. Garrett (editors)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Volume 1: THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE – part 1
0. Paul B. Garrett and Bambi B. Schieffelin
Anthropological Linguistics/Linguistic Anthropology: An Introduction
1. Franz Boas
In Handbook of American Indian Languages, Part I. (1911) Selections from pp. 1-83. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 40, courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
2. Charles L. Briggs
Learning How to Ask: Native Metacommunicative Competence and the Incompetence of Fieldworkers.
Language in Society 13(1):1-28. (1984)
3. Charles L. Briggs & Richard Bauman
Genre, Intertextuality, and Social Power.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 2(2):131-172. (1992)
4. Harold Conklin 1955
Hanunóo Color Categories.
Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 11(4): 339-344. (1955)
5. John W. Du Bois
Meaning without Intention: Lessons from Divination.
In Jane H. Hill & Judith T. Irvine (eds.), Responsibility and Evidence in Oral Discourse, pp. 48-71. (1992) Cambridge University Press
6. Alessandro Duranti
Language as Culture in U.S. Anthropology: Three Paradigms.
Current Anthropology 44(3):323-347. (2003)
7. Penelope Eckert
Diglossia: Separate and Unequal
Linguistics 18:1053-1064. (1980)
8. Charles Ferguson
Word 15:325-340. (1959)
9. Susan Gal
Between Speech and Silence: The Problematics of Research on Language and Gender.
In Micaela di Leonardo (ed.), Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era, pp. 175-203. (1991) Berkeley: University of California Press.
10. John J. Gumperz
In John J. Gumperz, Discourse Strategies, pp. 172-186. (1982) New York: Cambridge University Press
11. William F. Hanks
Discourse Genres in a Theory of Practice.
American Ethnologist 14(4):668-692. (1987)
12. Monica Heller
In Christine Jourdan & Kevin Tuite (eds.), Language, Culture, and Society, pp. 156-167. (2006) New York: Cambridge University Press
13. Dell Hymes
The Ethnography of Speaking.
In T. Gladwin and W. Sturtevant (eds.), Anthropology and Human Behavior, pp. 13-53. (1962) Anthropological Society of Washington.
Volume 2: THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE – part 2
14. Judith T. Irvine
When Talk isn’t Cheap: Language and Political Economy.
American Ethnologist 16(2):248-267. (1989)
15. Judith T. Irvine & Susan Gal.
Language Ideology and Linguistic Differentiation.
In Paul V. Kroskrity (ed.), Regimes of Language: Ideologies, Polities, and Identities, pp. 35-84. (2000) Santa Fe: School of American Research.
16. Roman Jakobson
Closing Statement: Linguistics and Poetics.
In Thomas A. Sebeok (ed.), Style in Language, excerpt from pages 350-377. (1960) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
17. Michelle Z. Rosaldo
The Things We Do with Words: Ilongot Speech Acts and Speech Act Theory in Philosophy.
Language in Society 11(2):203-237. (1982)
18. Edward Sapir
The Unconscious Patterning of Behavior in Society.
In E. S. Dummer (ed.), The Unconscious: A Symposium, (1927). New York: Alfred A. Knopf
19. Benjamin L. Whorf
The Relation of Habitual Thought and Behavior to Language.
In J. Carroll (ed.), Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf, pp. 134-159. (1956) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
20. Raymond Williams
In Raymond T. Williams, Marxism and Literature, pp. 21-44, (1977) Oxford: Oxford University Press.
21. Kathryn A. Woolard
Simultaneity and Bivalency as Strategies in Bilingualism.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 8(1):3-29. (1998)
22. Kathryn A. Woolard
Language Ideology as a Field of Inquiry.
In Bambi B. Schieffelin, Kathryn A. Woolard, & Paul V. Kroskrity (eds.), Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, pp. 3-47, (1998) Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Volume 3: TALKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
23. Keith Basso
Joking Imitations of Anglo-Americans: Interpretive Functions.
In Keith Basso, Portraits of "The Whiteman": Linguistic Play and Cultural Symbols among the Western Apache, pp. 37-64. (1979) New York: Cambridge University Press.
24. Richard Bauman
Let your words be few: Speaking and Silence in Quaker Ideology.
In Richard Bauman, Let Your Words Be Few: Symbolism of Speaking and Silence Among Seventeenth-Century Quakers, pp. 20-31. (1983) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
25. Richard Bauman
‘Any man who keeps more’n one hound’ll lie to you’: A Contextual Study of Expressive Lying.
In Richard Bauman, Story, Performance, and Event: Contextual Studies of Oral Narrative, pp. 11-32. (1986) New York: Cambridge University Press.
26. Penelope Brown
Everyone Has to Lie in Tzeltal.
In Shoshana Blum-Kulka & Catherine E. Snow (eds.), Talking to Adults: The Contribution of Multiparty Discourse to Language Acquisition, pp. 241-275. (2002), Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
27. Jillian Cavanaugh
Accent Matters: Material Consequences of Sounding Local in Northern Italy.
Language & Communication 25(2):127-148. (2005).
28. Nancy Dorian
Defining the Speech Community to Include its Working Margins.
In Suzanne Romaine (ed.), Sociolinguistic Variation in Speech Communities, pp. 25-33. (1982). Edward Arnold
29. Ayala Fader
Reclaiming Sacred Sparks: Linguistic Syncretism and Gendered Language Shift among Hasidic Jews in New York.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 17(1):1-22. (2007).
30. Steven Feld
Wept Thoughts: The Voicing of Kaluli Memories.
Oral Tradition 5(2-3):241-266. (1990).
31. John Haviland
Ideologies of Language: Some Reflections on Language and U.S. Law.
American Anthropologist 105(4):764-774. (2003).
32. Jane H. Hill
Expert Rhetorics in Advocacy for Endangered Languages: Who is Listening, and What do They Hear?
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 12(2):119-133. (2002).
33. Miyako Inoue
What Does Language Remember?: Indexical Inversion and the Naturalized History of Japanese Women.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14(1):39-56. (2004).
34. Jean Jackson
Language Identity of the Colombian Vaupés Indians.
In Richard Bauman & Joel Sherzer (eds.), Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking, 2nd ed., pp. 50-64. (1989) New York: Cambridge University Press.
35. Rosina Lippi-Green
Accent, Standard Language Ideology, and the Discriminatory Pretext in the Courts.
Language in Society 23:163-198. (1994).
36. Laura Miller
Those Naughty Teenage Girls: Japanese Kogals, Slang, and Media Assessments.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14(2):225-247. (2004).
37. Claudia Mitchell-Kernan
Signifying and Marking: Two Afro-American Speech Acts.
In John J. Gumperz and Dell Hymes (eds.), Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication, pp. 161-179, (1972) New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
38. Robert E. Moore
Disappearing, Inc.: Glimpsing the Sublime in the Politics of Access to Endangered Languages.
Language & Communication 26(3-4):296-315. (2006).
39. Marcyliena Morgan
Theories and Politics in African American English
Annual Review of Anthropology 23:325-345. (1994).
40. Bambi B. Schieffelin & Rachelle C. Doucet
The ‘Real’ Haitian Creole: Ideology, Metalinguistics, and Orthographic Choice.
American Ethnologist 21(1):176-200. (1994).
41. Michael Silverstein
Monoglot ‘Standard’ in America: Standardization and Metaphors of Linguistic Hegemony. (1996)
Volume 4: USING LANGUAGE
42. Laura M. Ahearn
‘Writing Desire in Nepali Love Letters
Language & Communication 23(2):107-122. (2003).
43. Benjamin Bailey
Communication of Respect in Interethnic Service Encounters.
Language in Society 26(3): 327-256. (1997).
44. Patricia Baquedano-López
Creating Social Identities through Doctrina Narratives.
Issues in Applied Linguistics 8(1): 27-45. (1997).
45. Keith Basso
To Give Up on Words: Silence in Western Apache Culture.
Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 26(3): 213-230. (1970). Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
46. Deborah Cameron
Performing Gender Identity: Young Men’s Talk and the Construction of Heterosexual Masculinity.
In S. Johnson and U. Meinhof (eds.), Language and Masculinity, pp. 47-64. (1997). Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
47. Alessandro Duranti
Language in Context and Language as Context: Samoan Respect Vocabulary.
In A. Duranti & C. Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, pp. 77-99. (1992) New York: Cambridge University Press.
48. Penelope Eckert & Sally McConnell-Ginet
Constructing Meaning, Constructing Selves: Snapshots of Language, Gender, and Class from Belten High.
In K. Hall & M. Bucholtz (eds.), Gender Articulated, pp. 469-507. (1995) New York: Routledge.
49. Patrick Eisenlohr
Temporalities of Community: Ancestral Language, Pilgrimage, and Diasporic Belonging in Mauritius
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14(1):81-98. (2004).
50. Charles Goodwin
A Competent Speaker Who Can’t Speak: The Social Life of Aphasia.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14(2):151-170. (2004).
51. Kira Hall
Intertextual Sexuality: Parodies of Class, Identity, and Desire in Liminal Delhi.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 15(1):125–144. (2005).
52. Shirley Brice Heath,
What No Bedtime Story Means: Narrative Skills at Home and School
Language in Society 11(1): 49-76. (1982).
53. Jane H. Hill
Language, Race, and White Public Space.
American Anthropologist 100(3): 680-689. (1999).
54. Judith T. Irvine
Strategies of Status Manipulation in the Wolof Greeting.
In Richard Bauman & Joel Sherzer (eds.), Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking, 2nd ed., pp. 167-191. (1989). New York: Cambridge University Press.
55. Norma Mendoza-Denton
‘Muy Macha’: Gender and Ideology in Gang-Girls’ Discourse about Makeup.
Ethnos 61 (1-2): 47-63. (1996).
56. Elinor Ochs
In Alessandro Duranti & Charles Goodwin (eds.), Rethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, pp. 336-358. (1992) New York: Cambridge University Press.
57. Elinor Ochs & Bambi B. Schieffelin
Language Acquisition and Socialization: Three Developmental Stories and Their Implications.
In R. Shweder & R. A. LeVine (eds.), Culture Theory: Essays on Mind, Self, and Emotion, pp. 276-320. (1985). New York: Cambridge University Press.
58. Amy L. Paugh
Multilingual Play: Children’s Code-switching, Role Play, and Agency in Dominica, West Indies.
Language in Society 34(1):63-86. (2005).
59. Sabina Perrino
Intimate Hierarchies and Qur'anic Saliva (Tëfli): Textuality in a Senegalese Ethnomedical Encounter.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 12(2):225-259. (2002).
60. Bonnie Urciuoli
The Political Topography of Spanish and English: The View from a New York Puerto Rican Neighborhood.
American Ethnologist 18(2):295-310. (1991).
Volume 5: CHANGING LANGUAGE
61. Susan Gal
Codeswitching and Consciousness in the European Periphery.
American Ethnologist 14(4):637-653. (1987).
62. Paul B. Garrett
‘Say it like you see it’: Radio Broadcasting and the Mass Mediation of Creole Nationhood in St. Lucia.
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 14(1-2):135-160. (2007)
63. Katherine E. Hoffman
Berber Language Ideologies, Maintenance, and Contraction: Gendered Variation in the Indigenous Margins of Morocco.
Language & Communication 26(2):144-167. (2006).
64. Graham M. Jones & Bambi B. Schieffelin
Enquoting Voices, Accomplishing Talk: Uses of be + like in Instant Messaging.
Language & Communication 29(1):77-113. (2009).
65. Elizabeth Keating & Gene Mirus
American Sign Language in Virtual Space: Interactions between Deaf Users of Computer-mediated Video Communication and the Impact of Technology on Language Practices.
Language in Society 32(5):693-714. (2003).
66. Paul V. Kroskrity
Arizona Tewa Kiva Speech as a Manifestation of a Dominant Language Ideology.
In B. B. Schieffelin, K. A. Woolard, & P. V. Kroskrity (eds.), Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, pp. 103-122. (1998), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
67. Don Kulick
Anger, Gender, Language Shift, and the Politics of Revelation in a Papua New Guinean Village.
In B. B. Schieffelin, K. A. Woolard, & P. V. Kroskrity (eds.), Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, pp. 87-102. (1998), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
68. Miki Makihara
Linguistic Syncretism and Language Ideologies: Transforming Sociolinguistic Hierarchy on Rapa Nui (Easter Island).
American Anthropologist 106(3):529–540. (2004).
69. Susan U. Philips
Participant Structures and Communicative Competence: Warm Springs Children in Community and Classroom.
In James E. Alatis (ed.), Georgetown University Round Table On Languages and Linguistics (GURT) 1970: Bilingualism and Language Contact, pp. 77-101. (1970), Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.
70. Ben Rampton
Language Crossing and the Problematisation of Ethnicity and Socialization.
Pragmatics 5(4):485-513. (1995).
71. Bambi B. Schieffelin
Marking Time: The Dichotomizing Discourse of Multiple Temporalities.
Current Anthropology 43:5-17. (2002).
72. Michael Silverstein
Encountering Languages and Languages of Encounter in North American Ethnohistory.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 6(2):126-144. (1997).
73. Debra Spitulnik
The Social Circulation of Media Discourse and the Mediation of Communities.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 6(2):161-187. (1996).
74. Leigh Swigart
The Limits of Legitimacy: Language Ideology and Shift in Contemporary Senegal.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 10:90-130. (2001).
75. Jacqueline Urla
Outlaw Language: Creating Alternative Public Spheres in Basque Free Radio.
Pragmatics 5(2):245-261. (1995).
76. Andrew Wong & Qing Zhang
The Linguistic Construction of the Tóngzhì Community.
Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 10(2):248-278. (2001).
77. Kathryn A. Woolard.
Between Friends: Gender, Peer Group Structure and Bilingualism in Urban Catalonia.
Language in Society 26(4):533-560. (1997).