Nursing has been described as the most ‘natural’ female occupation of all, embodying the so-called feminine ideals of tenderness and caring. Yet these ideals are juxtaposed with images of nurses as sex objects, or as ruthlessly efficient harridans. How have these very different images been constructed? And how do they relate to the reality of nursing - the close contact with blood, urine and faeces, and the involvement with the rites of birth, illness and death? This book, first published in 1991, explores the alternative ways different societies have developed to reconcile these contradictions. Using contemporary, historical and cross-cultural case material, the contributors trace the historical development of the role, and investigate the expected qualities of nurses within different cultural settings, such as India, Uganda and Japan. They look closely at ‘the nurse’ as a social construct, and demonstrate how the stereotypes relate to a particular society's notions of gender. Designed primarily for anthropologists and sociologists interested in health, illness and systems of health care, this book challenges some of the myths of traditional nursing studies and provides an original perspective on doctor/nurse/patient relationships.
1. Using the Past: Nursing and the Medical Profession in Ancient Greece Helen King 2. The Doctor's Assistant: Nursing in Ancient Indian Medical Texts Julia Leslie and David Wujastyk 3. Social Change in the Nursing Profession in India Geeta Somjee 4. Nursing in Japan Joy Hendry and Lola Martinez 5. Colonial Sisters: Nurses in Uganda Pat Holden 6. A Ward of my Own: Social Organization and Identity Amongst Hospital Domestics Liz Hart 7. Nurse or Woman: Gender and Professionalism in Reformed Nursing 1860-1923 Eva Gamarnikow 8. Human Abuse and the Nursing Response Lee Ann Hoff 9. Gender, Role and Sickness: the Ritual Psychopathologies of the Nurse Roland Littlewood 10. A Concept of Nursing Jenny Littlewood 11. Nurses Between Disease and Illness Helle Samuelson