This book provides the technical background and a historical perspective of biotechnology. It examines scientific questions on the assessment of risk for the release of genetically engineered organisms into the environment and describes the role of individuals to foster industrial growth.
Introduction Part One: The Historical Context 1. The Biological Revolution: Tools and Products of Biotechnology 2. Gene Splicing Enters the Environment: The Sociohistorical Context of the Debate Over Deliberate Release 3. The NIH Guidelines and Field Testing of Genetically Engineered Plants and Microorganism Part Two: Environmental Release—Ecological Issues 4. Application of Introduced Species Models to Biotechnology Assessment 5. The Infectious Spread of Engineered Genes 6. Evaluating Environmental Risks from Biotechnology: Contributions of Ecology Part Three: The Future of Biotechnology—Six Perspectives 7. Safe and Effective Biotechnology: Mobilizing Scientific Expertise 8. Moving Toward Public Participation in Biotechnology 9. An Industry View of the Public Policy Issues in the Development of Biotechnology 10. Federal Activities in Risk Assessment and Risk Management in Biotechnolog 11. Biotechnology and the Public Purpose: A Public Agenda for Biotechnology in the Congress 12. Reviewing the National Policy Issues Associated with the Commercial Development of Biotechnology