1st Edition

Applications of Heuristic Algorithms to Optimal Road Congestion Pricing

By Don Graham Copyright 2024
    152 Pages 23 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Road congestion imposes major financial, social, and environmental costs. One solution is the operation of high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes. This book outlines a method for dynamic pricing for HOT lanes based on non-linear programming (NLP) techniques, finite difference stochastic approximation, genetic algorithms, and simulated annealing stochastic algorithms, working within a cell transmission framework. The result is a solution for optimal flow and optimal toll to minimize total travel time and reduce congestion.

    ANOVA results are presented which show differences in the performance of the NLP algorithms in solving this problem and reducing travel time, and econometric forecasting methods utilizing vector autoregressive techniques are shown to successfully forecast demand.

    • The book compares different optimization approaches
    • It presents case studies from around the world, such as the I-95 Express HOT Lane in Miami, USA

    Applications of Heuristic Algorithms to Optimal Road Congestion Pricing is ideal for transportation practitioners and researchers.

    1. Introduction.

    2. Literature Review.

    3. Congestion Pricing Models.

    4. Model Formulation and Results.

    5. Data Collection and Demand Forecasting.

    6. I-95 Lessons Learned.

    7. Congestion Charge Case Studies.


    Don Graham is a Data Scientist and Consultant. He served as data science professor at Northwestern University and transportation professor at Florida Institute of Technology for over ten years, in addition to working in industry at The Institute for Defense Analysis, Lockheed, and AVIS.