1st Edition

Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology

By Mark Mentzer Copyright 2011
    368 Pages 223 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    368 Pages 223 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    How does the field of optical engineering impact biotechnology?

    Perhaps for the first time, Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications: Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology answers that question directly by integrating coverage of the many disciplines and applications involved in optical engineering, and then examining their applications in nanobiotechnology. Written by a senior U.S. Army research scientist and pioneer in the field of optical engineering, this book addresses the exponential growth in materials, applications, and cross-functional relevance of the many convergent disciplines making optical engineering possible, including nanotechnology, MEMS, (MOEMS), and biotechnology.

    Integrates Coverage of MOEMS, Optics, and Nanobiotechnology—and Their Market Applications

    Providing an unprecedented interdisciplinary perspective of optics technology, this book describes everything from core principles and fundamental relationships, to emerging technologies and practical application of devices and systems—including fiber-optic sensors, integrated and electro-optics, and specialized military applications. The author places special emphasis on:

    • Fiber sensor systems
    • Electro-optics and acousto-optics
    • Optical computing and signal processing
    • Optical device performance
    • Thin film magnetic memory
    • MEMS, MOEMS, nano- and bionanotechnologies
    • Optical diagnostics and imaging
    • Integrated optics
    • Design constraints for materials, manufacturing, and application space

    Bridging the technology gaps between interrelated fields, this reference is a powerful tool for students, engineers and scientists in the electrical, chemical, mechanical, biological, aerospace, materials, and optics fields. Its value also extends to applied physicists and professionals interested in the relationships between emerging technologies and cross-disciplinary opportunities.

    Author Mark A. Mentzer is a pioneer in the field of optical engineering. He is a senior research scientist at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory in Maryland. Much of his current work involves extending the fields of optical engineering and solid state physics into the realm of biochemistry and molecular biology, as well as structured research in biophotonics.

    Introduction to Convergent Disciplines in Optical Engineering: Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology



    Optical Device Applications

    Lithium Niobate Devices

    Applications of Fiber-Optic Systems

    Optical Interconnects for Large-Scale Integrated Circuits and Fiber Transmission Systems

    Optical Interconnect Media

    Multiplexing and Demultiplexing: Information Distribution Techniques: WDM Schemes

    Electro-Optic and Acousto-Optic Modulators

    Assessment of Interconnect System Architectures: Optical Networking Architectures

    Interconnect Risk Assessments

    Electro-Optic System Applications

    Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser Technology

    Derivation of the Linear Electro-Optic (Pockels) Effect

    Nonlinear Refractive Index


    Acousto-Optics, Optical Computing, and Signal Processing

    Principle of Operation

    Basic Bragg Cell Spectrum Analyzer

    Integrated Optical Bragg Devices

    Noise Characterization of Photodetectors

    Dynamic Range Enhancement

    Photodetector Readout Techniques

    Bulk versus Integrated Optic Bragg Cells

    Integrated Optic Receiver Performance

    Nonreceiver Integrated Optic Bragg Cell Applications

    Optical Logic Gates

    Quantum Well Oscillators

    Design Example: Optically Addressed High-Speed, Nonvolatile, Radiation-Hardened Digital Magnetic Memory


    Fiber-Optic Sensors

    Amplitude Modulation Sensors

    Phase Modulation Sensors

    Fiber-Optic Magnetometer

    Fiber Acoustic/Pressure Sensors

    Optical Fiber Characteristics

    Fiber Transducer Considerations

    Fiber Sensor Laser Selection

    Laser Frequency Stability Considerations

    Couplers and Connectors for Fiber Sensors

    Fiber Sensor Detector Considerations

    Fiber Magnetometer Applications

    Fiber Sensor Operation

    Fiber Sensor Signal Processing

    Environmental Stabilization

    Fiber Sensor System Design Considerations

    Laser Diode Frequency Stability Considerations

    Fiber Sensor Design Example: Fiber-Optic Sonar Dome Pressure Transducer

    Design Example 2: Fiber-Optic-Based Laser Warning Receiver


    Integrated Optics

    Planar Optical Waveguide Theory

    Comparison of "Exact" and Numerical Channel Waveguide Theories

    Modes of the Channel Waveguide

    Directional Couplers

    Key Considerations in the Specifications of an Optical Circuit

    Processing and Compatibility Constraints

    Waveguide Building Block Processing Considerations

    Coupling Considerations

    Lithium Niobate Technology

    Semiconductor Waveguide Fabrication Techniques

    GaAs Foundry Capabilities

    Emerging Commercial Devices and Applications


    Optical Diagnostics and Imaging

    Optical Characterization

    Bandwidth Measurement

    Stability: Temperature and Time Effects

    Measurement of ND(d) Using Capacitance–Voltage Technique

    "Post Office" Profiling

    Spreading Resistance Profiling

    Mobility Measurement

    Cross Section Transmission Electron Microscopy

    Infrared Reflectivity Measurements

    Other Analysis Techniques

    Biotechnology Applications

    Parametric Analysis of Video

    X-Ray Imaging


    MEMS, MOEMS, Nano, and Bionanotechnologies

    MEMS and Nanotechnology

    Nanotechnology Applications

    V-Groove Coupler Geometry and Design Considerations



    Mark A. Mentzer, Ph.D., is a research scientist at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory. A native of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, he earned his BA in physics and music at Franklin and Marshall College. He received his MSEE and Ph.D. from the University of Delaware in electrical engineering, with emphasis on solid state physics, devices and materials, optoelectronics, and integrated optics. He also received his MAS in business administration from Johns Hopkins University and is currently completing a MS in biotechnology, with emphasis on biochemistry and molecular biology, from the same school (2011).

    Dr. Mentzer is the author of nearly 100 publications, 14 provisional and issued patents, two books, and a contributed book chapter. He serves as conference chair for numerous technical proceedings, reviews for several technical journals and publishers, frequently speaks at trade shows and conferences, and has received numerous awards for both technical and managerial excellence. He recently conducted a series of briefs to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, on instrumentation and metrology for the development of personal protective equipment for the military.

    His current research involves laser-assisted high-brightness imaging, instrumentation for blast and blunt trauma injury model correlation, fiber-optic ballistic sensing, flash x-ray cineradiography, digital image correlation, image processing algorithms, and applications of MOEMS to nano- and biotechnology.