Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications : Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology book cover
1st Edition

Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications
Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology

ISBN 9781138118102
Published June 7, 2017 by CRC Press
368 Pages 223 B/W Illustrations

USD $84.95

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Book Description

How does the field of optical engineering impact biotechnology?

Perhaps for the first time, Applied Optics Fundamentals and Device Applications: Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology answers that question directly by integrating coverage of the many disciplines and applications involved in optical engineering, and then examining their applications in nanobiotechnology. Written by a senior U.S. Army research scientist and pioneer in the field of optical engineering, this book addresses the exponential growth in materials, applications, and cross-functional relevance of the many convergent disciplines making optical engineering possible, including nanotechnology, MEMS, (MOEMS), and biotechnology.

Integrates Coverage of MOEMS, Optics, and Nanobiotechnology—and Their Market Applications

Providing an unprecedented interdisciplinary perspective of optics technology, this book describes everything from core principles and fundamental relationships, to emerging technologies and practical application of devices and systems—including fiber-optic sensors, integrated and electro-optics, and specialized military applications. The author places special emphasis on:

  • Fiber sensor systems
  • Electro-optics and acousto-optics
  • Optical computing and signal processing
  • Optical device performance
  • Thin film magnetic memory
  • MEMS, MOEMS, nano- and bionanotechnologies
  • Optical diagnostics and imaging
  • Integrated optics
  • Design constraints for materials, manufacturing, and application space

Bridging the technology gaps between interrelated fields, this reference is a powerful tool for students, engineers and scientists in the electrical, chemical, mechanical, biological, aerospace, materials, and optics fields. Its value also extends to applied physicists and professionals interested in the relationships between emerging technologies and cross-disciplinary opportunities.

Author Mark A. Mentzer is a pioneer in the field of optical engineering. He is a senior research scientist at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory in Maryland. Much of his current work involves extending the fields of optical engineering and solid state physics into the realm of biochemistry and molecular biology, as well as structured research in biophotonics.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Convergent Disciplines in Optical Engineering: Nano, MOEMS, and Biotechnology



Optical Device Applications

Lithium Niobate Devices

Applications of Fiber-Optic Systems

Optical Interconnects for Large-Scale Integrated Circuits and Fiber Transmission Systems

Optical Interconnect Media

Multiplexing and Demultiplexing: Information Distribution Techniques: WDM Schemes

Electro-Optic and Acousto-Optic Modulators

Assessment of Interconnect System Architectures: Optical Networking Architectures

Interconnect Risk Assessments

Electro-Optic System Applications

Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser Technology

Derivation of the Linear Electro-Optic (Pockels) Effect

Nonlinear Refractive Index


Acousto-Optics, Optical Computing, and Signal Processing

Principle of Operation

Basic Bragg Cell Spectrum Analyzer

Integrated Optical Bragg Devices

Noise Characterization of Photodetectors

Dynamic Range Enhancement

Photodetector Readout Techniques

Bulk versus Integrated Optic Bragg Cells

Integrated Optic Receiver Performance

Nonreceiver Integrated Optic Bragg Cell Applications

Optical Logic Gates

Quantum Well Oscillators

Design Example: Optically Addressed High-Speed, Nonvolatile, Radiation-Hardened Digital Magnetic Memory


Fiber-Optic Sensors

Amplitude Modulation Sensors

Phase Modulation Sensors

Fiber-Optic Magnetometer

Fiber Acoustic/Pressure Sensors

Optical Fiber Characteristics

Fiber Transducer Considerations

Fiber Sensor Laser Selection

Laser Frequency Stability Considerations

Couplers and Connectors for Fiber Sensors

Fiber Sensor Detector Considerations

Fiber Magnetometer Applications

Fiber Sensor Operation

Fiber Sensor Signal Processing

Environmental Stabilization

Fiber Sensor System Design Considerations

Laser Diode Frequency Stability Considerations

Fiber Sensor Design Example: Fiber-Optic Sonar Dome Pressure Transducer

Design Example 2: Fiber-Optic-Based Laser Warning Receiver


Integrated Optics

Planar Optical Waveguide Theory

Comparison of "Exact" and Numerical Channel Waveguide Theories

Modes of the Channel Waveguide

Directional Couplers

Key Considerations in the Specifications of an Optical Circuit

Processing and Compatibility Constraints

Waveguide Building Block Processing Considerations

Coupling Considerations

Lithium Niobate Technology

Semiconductor Waveguide Fabrication Techniques

GaAs Foundry Capabilities

Emerging Commercial Devices and Applications


Optical Diagnostics and Imaging

Optical Characterization

Bandwidth Measurement

Stability: Temperature and Time Effects

Measurement of ND(d) Using Capacitance–Voltage Technique

"Post Office" Profiling

Spreading Resistance Profiling

Mobility Measurement

Cross Section Transmission Electron Microscopy

Infrared Reflectivity Measurements

Other Analysis Techniques

Biotechnology Applications

Parametric Analysis of Video

X-Ray Imaging


MEMS, MOEMS, Nano, and Bionanotechnologies

MEMS and Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology Applications

V-Groove Coupler Geometry and Design Considerations


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Mark A. Mentzer, Ph.D., is a research scientist at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory. A native of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, he earned his BA in physics and music at Franklin and Marshall College. He received his MSEE and Ph.D. from the University of Delaware in electrical engineering, with emphasis on solid state physics, devices and materials, optoelectronics, and integrated optics. He also received his MAS in business administration from Johns Hopkins University and is currently completing a MS in biotechnology, with emphasis on biochemistry and molecular biology, from the same school (2011).

Dr. Mentzer is the author of nearly 100 publications, 14 provisional and issued patents, two books, and a contributed book chapter. He serves as conference chair for numerous technical proceedings, reviews for several technical journals and publishers, frequently speaks at trade shows and conferences, and has received numerous awards for both technical and managerial excellence. He recently conducted a series of briefs to the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, on instrumentation and metrology for the development of personal protective equipment for the military.

His current research involves laser-assisted high-brightness imaging, instrumentation for blast and blunt trauma injury model correlation, fiber-optic ballistic sensing, flash x-ray cineradiography, digital image correlation, image processing algorithms, and applications of MOEMS to nano- and biotechnology.