Applying Statistics in the Courtroom: A New Approach for Attorneys and Expert Witnesses, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Applying Statistics in the Courtroom

A New Approach for Attorneys and Expert Witnesses, 1st Edition

By Philip Good

Chapman and Hall/CRC

296 pages | 10 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781584882718
pub: 2001-07-11
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Description

This publication is directed at both attorneys and statisticians to ensure they will work together successfully on the application of statistics in the law. Attorneys will learn how best to utilize the statistician's talents, while gaining an enriched understanding of the law relevant to audits, jury selection, discrimination, environmental hazards, evidence, and torts as it relates to statistical issues. Statisticians will learn that the law is what judges say it is and to frame their arguments accordingly. This book will increase the effectiveness of both parties in presenting and attacking statistical arguments in the courtroom. Topics covered include sample and survey methods, probability, testing hypotheses, and multiple regression.

Reviews

… This text is largely successful at providing an introductory overview to the attorney and the statistician, which will prepare them for entering the unknown territory of the other group. … For the statistician who is unfamiliar with legal proceedings, the book provides specific and sound advice on methods for presenting statistical concepts in terms that a judge would understand. Similarly, attorneys who are seeking to use supporting statistics in a variety of legal settings will find many of the ideas presented useful. … The strength of this book is that it contains practical and useful advice on the use of statistics and probability in such areas as jury selection, discrimination, trademark disputes, criminal law, civil law, and product liability.

Forensic Science Communications, April 2003, Vol. 5, No. 2

This is the best book on statistics and the law that has ever been written … Unless your company never appears in any adversarial proceeding, this book should be on your bookshelf. It is profusely illustrated with a wealth of cases that will interest any statistician.

Technometrics, May 2002

Table of Contents

Preface

Interpreting Case Citations

PART I: SAMPLES AND POPULATIONS

Samples and Populations

Audits

Determining the Appropriate Population

Representative Samples and Jury Selection

Concepts

Issues

Composition of the Jury Pool

Random Selection

To Learn More

Sample and Survey Methodology

Concepts

Sampling Methodology

Increasing Sample Reliability

Missing Data and Nonresponders

Presenting Your Case

Concepts

The Center or Average

Measures of Precision

Changes in Rates

PART II: PROBABILITY

Probability Concepts

Equally-Likely, Equally Probable, Equally Frequent

Mutually-Exclusive Events

Conditional Probabilities

Independence

Bayes Theorem

To Learn More

Criminal Law

Facts not Probabilities

Observation vs Guesstimates

Probable Cause

Sentencing

To Learn More

Civil Law

The Civil Paradigm

Holdings

Speculative Gains and Losses

To Learn More

Environmental Hazards

Concepts

Is the Evidence Admissible?

Is the Evidence Sufficient?

Risk v. Probability

Use of Models

Observations v. Experiments

Multiple Defendants

PART III: HYPOTHESIS TESTING AND ESTIMATION

How Large is Large?

Discrimination

80% Rule

No Sample Too Small

Methods of Analysis

Comparing Two Samples

The Underlying Population

Distribution Theory

Contingency Tables

To Learn More

Correlation

Correlation

Bias

Testing

Linear Regression

Sidebar: Limitations of Regression

Multivariate Regression

Lost Earnings

Multiple Applications

Collinearity and Partial Correlation

Defenses

Rebuttal Decisions

Alternate Forms of Regression Analysis

When Statistics Don't Count

Counter-Attack

PART IV: APPLYING STATISTICS IN THE COURTROOM

Preventative Statistics

Concepts

Appropriate Controls

Power of a Test

Coincidence

Recognizing Bad Statistics

The Trial Process-For the Statistician

Selecting the Case

Pre-Filing

Discovery

Depositions

Post-Deposition, Pre-Trial

In the Courtroom

Appeals

Making Effective Use of Statistics and Statisticians-For the Attorney

Selecting the Statistician

Pre-Filing Preparation

Discovery

Presentation of Evidence

Appeals

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW026000
LAW / Criminal Law / General
MAT029000
MATHEMATICS / Probability & Statistics / General