1st Edition

Aquananotechnology Global Prospects

Edited By David E. Reisner, T. Pradeep Copyright 2015
    887 Pages 340 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    887 Pages 340 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The world’s fresh water supplies are dwindling rapidly—even wastewater is now considered an asset. By 2025, most of the world's population will be facing serious water stresses and shortages. Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects breaks new ground with its informative and innovative introduction of the application of nanotechnology to the remediation of contaminated water for drinking and industrial use. It provides a comprehensive overview, from a global perspective, of the latest research and developments in the use of nanotechnology for water purification and desalination methods.

    The book also covers approaches to remediation such as high surface area nanoscale media for adsorption of toxic species, UV treatment of pathogens, and regeneration of saturated media with applications in municipal water supplies, produced water from fracking, ballast water, and more. It also discusses membranes, desalination, sensing, engineered polymers, magnetic nanomaterials, electrospun nanofibers, photocatalysis, endocrine disruptors, and Al13 clusters. It explores physics-based phenomena such as subcritical water and cavitation-induced sonoluminescence, and fog harvesting.

    With contributions from experts in developed and developing countries, including those with severe contamination, such as China, India, and Pakistan, the book’s content spans a wide range of the subject areas that fall under the aquananotechnology banner, either squarely or tangentially. The book strongly emphasizes sorption media, with broad application to a myriad of contaminants—both geogenic and anthropogenic—keeping in mind that it is not enough for water to be potable, it must also be palatable.

    Bimodal UV-Assisted Nano-TiO2 Catalyst—Crumb Rubber Device for Treatment of Contaminated Water, Zaki Ahmad, Robina Farooq, Asad Ullah Khan, Natasha Hussain, and Ahmed Shafique

    Hierarchical Carbon and Hydrogels for Sensing, Remediation in Drinking Water, and Aquaculture Drug Delivery, Cesar A. Barbero, Rusbel Coneo Rodriguez, Rebeca Rivero, María V. Martinez, María A. Molina, Juan Balach, Mariano M. Bruno, Gabriel A. Planes, Diego F. Acevedo, Claudia R. Rivarola, and María Cristina Miras

    Use of Nanomaterials in Water Remediation by a Subcritical Water Process, Guy Baret

    Reduction of Priority Pollutants by Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron in Subsurface Environments, Chun-Chi Lee, Hsing-Lung Lien, Shan-chee Wu, Ruey-an Doong, and Chih-cheng Chao

    Nanotoxicity: Aquatic Organisms and Ecosystems, Ashutosh Kumar, Rishi Shanker, and Alok Dhawan

    SonoPhotoCatalytic Cavitation (SPCC) in Water Treatment, Tony F. Diego, Curt Hallberg, and Maria Jose Lopez Tendero

    Bilge and Ballast Water Treatment Using Nanotechnology, Paul L. Edmiston

    Nanoengineered Organosilica Materials for the Treatment of Produced Water, Paul L. Edmiston, Stephen Jolly, and Stephen Spoonamore

    Arsenic Removal Metrics That Commercialized the Drinking Water Market, Lisa M. Farmen

    Commercialization of Nano from Water Sensors to Membranes, Brent Giles

    Nano-Photocatalytic Materials for Environmental Applications, Hui Zhang and Liang-Hong Guo

    Engineered Polymers and Organic–Inorganic Hybrids as Antimicrobial Materials for Water Disinfection, Divakara S.S.M. Uppu, Jiaul Hoque, and Jayanta Haldar

    Key Water Treatment Technologies and Their Use by Several Industrial Segments and Future Potential for Nanotechnology, Mike Henley

    Iron-Based Magnetic Nanomaterials in Wastewater Treatment, Zongshan Zhao, Jing Lan, Guoliang Li, and Guibin Jiang

    Sustainable Clean Water: Closing the Cycle, Satish Vasu Kailas and Monto Mani

    Thin Film Nanocomposite Reverse Osmosis Membranes, Christopher J. Kurth and Bob Burk

    Technological Developments in Water Defluoridation, Nitin Labhsetwar, S. Jagtap Lunge, Amit K. Bansiwal, Pawan K. Labhasetwar, Sadhana S. Rayalu, and Satish R. Wate

    Nanotechnology Tunneling in the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC): Nano Zerovalent Iron for Underground Water Remediation, Ali Marjowy and Rasool Lesan-Khosh

    Engineered Nanoscale Materials for Defluoridation of Groundwater, Shihabudheen M. Maliyekkal

    Advances in Nanostructured Polymers and Membranes for Removal of Heavy Metals in Water, Bhekie B. Mamba, Titus A.M. Msagati, J. Catherine Ngila, Stephen Musyoka, Derrick Dlamini, and Sabelo D. Mhlanga

    Point-of-Drinking Water Purification Innovation: The Water Initiative, Eugene A. Fitzgerald, Thomas A. Langdo, Kevin M. McGovern, and Rick Renjilian

    WaterHealth International: Decentralized Systems Provide Sustainable Drinking Water, Mahendra K. Misra and Sanjay Bhatnagar

    Electrospun Nanofibers in Water Purification, Sajini Vadukumpully, Shantikumar V. Nair, and A. Sreekumaran Nair

    Light-Activated Nanotechnology for Drinking Water Purification, Mark D. Owen and Tom Hawkins

    Modified TiO2-Based Photocatalytic Systems for the Removal of Emerging Contaminants from Water, Ligy Philip, Arya Vijayanandan, and Jaganathan Senthilnathan

    Noble Metal Nanosystems for Drinking Water Purification: From Nanoparticles to Clusters, Thalappil Pradeep and Megalamane Siddaramappa Bootharaju

    Water Desalination: Emerging and Existing Technologies, Shaurya Prakash, Mark A. Shannon, and Karen Bellman

    Challenges and Opportunities for Nanotechnology in the Energy–Water Nexus, Shaurya Prakash and Karen Bellman

    Nanotechnology in Passive Atmospheric Water Capture, Carlos Ángel Sánchez Recio, Zaki Ahmad, and Tony F. Diego

    Evaluation of a Zinc Clinoptilolite (ZZ®) for Drinking Water Treatment, Gerardo Rodríguez-Fuentes, Inocente Rodríguez Iznaga, Aurelio Boza, Anaisa Pérez, Bárbara Cedré, Laura Bravo-Fariñas, Aniran Ruiz, Anabel Fernández-Abreu, and Víctor Sende Odoardo

    Phosphorous Removal and Recovery Using Nanotechnology, J. Richard Schorr, Suvankar Sengupta, Rao Revur, Richard Helferich, and Steve Safferman

    Nanomaterials Persuasive in Long History of Pursuing Perchlorates, Suvankar Sengupta, J. Richard Schorr, Rao Revur, Tianmin Xie, and David E. Reisner

    Stormwater Runoff Treatment Using Bioswales Augmented with Advanced Nanoengineered Materials, Hanbae Yang and Stephen Spoonamore

    Graphene: Applications in Environmental Remediation and Sensing, Theruvakkattil Sreenivasan Sreeprasad

    Quantitative High Throughput Assay for Detection of Biologically Active Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Water, Diana A. Stavreva, Lyuba Varticovski, and Gordon L. Hager

    Novel Carbon-Based Nanoadsorbents for Water Purification, Nishith Verma and Ashutosh Sharma

    Engineered Nanomaterials for Landfill Leachate Treatment in the Humid Tropics: The Sri Lankan Perspective, Meththika Vithanage, S.S.R.M.D.H.R. Wijesekara, I.P.L. Jayarathna, Anuradha Prakash, Seema Sharma, and Ashok Kumar Ghosh

    Al13 Cluster Nanoflocculants for Remediation of Dissolved Organic Compounds and Colloidal Particles in Water, Dongsheng Wang, Hongxiao Tang, and Jiuhui Qu

    GE Water Provides Portfolio of Nanotech Membrane-Based Solutions, Ralph Exton



    David E. Reisner, PhD, is a well-known early pioneer and entrepreneur in the burgeoning field of nanotechnology, having cofounded in 1996 two nanotech companies in Connecticut, Inframat® and US Nanocorp®. For nearly 15 years, he was CEO of both companies since founding, which were recognized in Y2002–Y2005 for their fast revenue growth as Deloitte & Touche Connecticut Technology Fast50 Award recipients. In 2004, The Nano Group Inc. was formed as a parent holding company for investment. Reisner and cofounders were featured in Forbes magazine in 2004.
    David has more than 175 publications and is an inventor on 10 issued patents. He is the editor for the Bionanotechnology sections of both the third edition of The BioMedical Engineering Handbook (CRC Press) and the Handbook of Research on Biomedical Engineering Education and Advanced Bioengineering Learning (IGI Global). He is editor of Bionanotechnology: Global Prospects (CRC Press) and Bionanotechnology II: Global Prospects (CRC Press). He has written articles on the business of nanotechnology in Nanotechnology Law & Business as well as the Chinese publication Science & Culture Review.
    David served a 3-year term as a Technology Pioneer for the World Economic Forum and was a panelist at the 2004 Annual Meeting in Davos. David has served on the Board of the Connecticut Venture Group and was Chairman of the Board of the Connecticut Technology Council from 2005 to 2009. He was a NASA NanoTech Briefs Nano50 awardee in 2006. For his efforts in the field of medical implantable devices, he won the first annual BEACON award for Medical Technology in 2004. He is a member of the Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering.
    David is a 1978 University Honors graduate from Wesleyan University and received his PhD from Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1983 in the field of chemical physics. An avid hiker, he summited Kilimanjaro in 1973 and is an Adirondak “46R.” David was recognized for his historic preservation efforts in 1994 when he received the Volunteer Recognition Award jointly from the Connecticut Historical Commission and the Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation. He is known nationally for his expertise in vintage Corvette restoration and documentation. David did volunteer work in Jérémie, Haiti, soon after the January 2010 earthquake.

    T. Pradeep, PhD, is a professor of chemistry at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India. He earned his PhD from the Indian Institute of Science in 1991 and had postdoctoral training at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, and Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. He held visiting positions at many leading universities and institutes in the United States, Europe, and Asia.
    Prof. Pradeep’s research interests are in molecular and nanoscale materials, and he develops instrumentation for those studies. He has authored 300 scientific papers in journals and is an inventor in 50 patents or patent applications. He is involved with the development of affordable technologies for drinking water purification. He discovered that noble metal nanoparticles can remove halocarbon pesticide residues from drinking water, and that became the first nanomaterials-based technology to be commercialized in the drinking water segment. Along with his associates, he has incubated a company to develop technologies developed in his laboratory to marketable products.
    He is a recipient of several coveted recognitions in India, including the Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Prize (most prestigious prize in India for scientists below age 45), B.M. Birla Science Prize (an important recognition in India for scientists below age 40), National Award for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and the India Nanotech Innovation Award. He is an adjunct professor at the Institute of Life Sciences, Ahmedabad University, and PSG Institute of Advanced Studies, Coimbatore. He is a fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences and Indian National Academy of Engineering. He is on the editorial board of journals such as Nano Reviews, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Particle, and Surface Innovations and is an Associate Editor of ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. His other interests include education, popularization of science, and development of advanced teaching aids. He has authored a few popular science books in Malayalam and is the recipient of the Kerala Sahitya Academi Award for knowledge literature for the year 2010. For more information, please see http://www.dstuns.iitm.ac.in/pradeep-research-group.php.

    "Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects provides a comprehensive roadmap for emerging technologies for the water industry. From access to water to repair of the water infrastructure, this is an encyclopedia of how to solve our worldwide water problems. It is a must read for water technologists."
    —Vincent Caprio, Water Innovations Alliance Foundation, Shelton, Connecticut, USA

    "Governments, as well as businesses in sectors as diverse as agriculture, power generation, and manufacturing, know that water is central to their economic activities. Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects highlights water technologies that continue to push the boundaries of material science and innovation to reach new breakthroughs of cost and performancevital for sustainable economic growth and profitability."
    Snehal Desai, Dow Water and Process Solutions, Edina, Minnesota, USA

    "With water quality and scarcity destined to be enduring global megatrends for next century, Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects depicts an impressive array of breakthrough approaches to water treatment. The topics span from innovations in ridding drinking water of trace contaminants to cutting-edge technologies to solve the newest water challenges, such as those posed by fracking and the treatment of ballast water on cargo ships."
    —Deane Dray, water investment analyst and advisor to the United Nations, New York City, USA

    "The world needs diverse solutions to our pressing water scarcity and quality challenges. This book showcases a refreshing variety of forward-thinking approaches through a distinctly global perspective. I recommend this as a must read for experienced practitioners and newcomers alike."
    —Dr. Phil Rolchigo, Pentair, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA