The Arab world increasingly falls into two divisions, the capital-poor and the capital-rich countries (where capital means, in essence, oil). In the capital-rich countries shortage of labour is the chief constraint on growth. In the capital-poor countries analysis of the labour market is equally central, as shortage of labour compounds the already existing problem of shortage of capital. This book surveys the labour markets of the Arab world state by state, evaluating them by demand and supply analysis, and analysing the different elements in trends of employment. It forecasts the areas of stress in the next decade and suggests ways of minimising them. The book, based on much previously unpublished information and on extensive on-the-spot research in the respective Arab countries, sets out the economic and social conditions which underly the impending crisis of development in the Arab region.
First published in 1980.
Part 1. Background 1. A Decade of Development: Mixed Progress and a Widening Gap Part 2. The Capital-Rich States 2. The State of Kuwait 3. The State of Qatar 4. The United Arab Emirates 5. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 6. The Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 7. The Republic of Iraq Part 3. The Pseudo-Capital-Rich States 8. The State of Bahrain 9. The Sultanate of Oman 10. The Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria Part 4. The Capital-Poor States 11. The Lebanese Republic 12. The Arab Republic of Egypt 13. The Kingdom of Morocco 14. The Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) 15. The People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY) 16. The Republic of Tunisia 17. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 18. The Democratic Republic of the Sudan 19. The Syrian Arab Republic Part 5. Conclusion 20. Arab Labour Markets: A Broad Assessment 21. Conclusion: the Nature of the Crisis