1st Edition

Arabic in Israel
Language, Identity and Conflict





ISBN 9781138063556
Published September 14, 2017 by Routledge
208 Pages

USD $43.95

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Book Description

In Arabic in Israel, Muhammad Amara analyses the status of Arabic following the creation of the State of Israel and documents its impact on the individual and collective identity of Israel’s Palestinian Arab citizens. The interplay of language and identity in conflict situations is also examined. This work represents the culmination of many years of research on Arabic linguistic repertoire and educational policy regarding the language of the Palestinian citizens of Israel. It draws all of these factors together while linking them to local, regional and global developments. Its perspective is interdisciplinary and, as such, examines the topic from a number of angles including linguistic, social, cultural and political.

Table of Contents

 

List of tables, figure, pictures and mapsPreface

Acknowledgements

Chapter 1 Language, identity and conflict

 

1.1 Introduction

 

1.1 Identity and identities

 

1.1.1 Conflicting identities: Palestinian-Jewish relationships inside Israel

 

1.2 Language and social identity

 

1.2.1 The Arabic language and social identity

 

1.2.2 Language and identity in Israel

 

1.3 The vitality of Arabic in Israel

 

1.4 Language and conflict

 

1.4.1 The role of language in the Arab-Israeli conflict

 

1.5 Conclusion

Chapter 2 Internal and external challenges of the Arabic language

 

2. Introduction

 

2.1 Internal challenges

 

2.1.1 Diglossia: old and new challenges

 

2.1.2 Modernization and the Arabic language

 

2.2 External challenges

 

2.2.1 Colonialism, globalization and the Arabic language

 

2.3 Policy towards Arabic in the Arab world: .encountering challenges

 

2.4 Conclusion

Chapter 3 Internal and regional contexts and the Arabic language in Israel 

3. Introduction  

3.1 Internal contexts 

3.2 Regional contexts 

3.3 Conclusion

 

Chapter 4 The status of the Arabic language in Israel 

4.1 The linguistic situation in Israel

4.2 The status of Arabic in Israel 

4.3 Conclusion

 

Chapter 5 Features of the Arabic language in Israel

5.1 Introduction 

5.2 Arabic in Israel

5.2.1 Is there a unique variety of Arabic in Israel? 

5.2.2 Influences from other Arabic varieties

5.3 Conclusion

 

Chapter 6 Arabic in the shadow of Hebraization

 

6.1 Hebrew is the dominant language in Israel

 

6.1.1 Building the new Jewish Israeli identity

 

6.1.2 Putting Hebrew on the national agenda

 

6.1.3 Teaching Hebrew

 

6.1.4 Hebraization consequences

 

6.2 Ideologized Hebrew and its teaching to Palestinian pupils in Israel

 

6.2.1 Attitudes towards teaching Hebrew to Palestinian Arabs

 

6.2.2 The Policy of teaching Hebrew: goals and curricula

 

6.2.3 A new curriculum

 

6.2.4 Textbooks and contents

 

6.2.5 Consequences of Hebraization for teaching

 

6.3 The penetration of Hebrew into the ‘heart of Arabic’: borrowing

 

6.3.1 Introduction

 

6.3.2 Culture contact and its linguistic reflections

 

6.3.3 The importance of the study of Hebrew

 

6.3.4 The knowledge and use of Hebrew

 

6.3.5 Borrowing lexical items from Hebrew: integration and diffusion

 

6.3.6 Borrowing and its linguistic characteristics

 

6.3.7 The consequences of Hebraization on borrowing

Chapter 7 English in the Palestinian linguistic repertoire in Israel

 

7.1 Introduction

 

7.2 English teaching in the Palestinian schools in Israel

 

7.2.1 The current English curriculum

 

7.2.2 Textbooks

 

7.2.3 Achievements

 

7.3 Borrowing from English

 

7.4 Globalization and English

 

7.5 Writing with Latin and Hebrew letters

 

7.6 Conclusion

Chapter 8 Hebraization of Arabic place names

 

8.1 Introduction

 

8.2 Hebraizing names: the translation of ideological orientation and political thinking

 

8.3 Conclusion

Chapter 9 The current linguistic landscape in the Palestinian Arab localities in Israel

 

9.1 Linguistic landscape: a brief background

 

9.1.1 Studies on linguistic landscape in Israel

 

9.2 The Palestinian Arab linguistic landscape in Israel

 

9.2.1 Hebrew and Hebraization

 

9.2.2 Palestinian Arab uniqueness

 

9.2.3 Conclusion

 

9.3 The linguistic landscape from a different perspective: Umm-el-Fahm as a case study

 

9.3.1 Umm-el-Fahm: background

 

9.3.2 The linguistic landscape in the city

 

9.3.3 Conclusion

Chapter 10 The Arabic language in the Palestinian Arab education system

 

10.1 Introduction

 

10.2 The effect of the Arabic curricula on the Palestinian Arab identity

 

10.3 The hurdles blocking the achievement of high competence in Standard Arabic

 

10.4 What is the role of the Arabic language in the Palestinian Arab education system?

 

10.5 Conclusion

Chapter 11 Teaching Arabic in Jewish schools: language of the neighbour or the enemy?

 

11.1 Introduction

 

11.2 Teaching the Arabic language

 

11.3 Jewish attitudes towards the Arabic language

 

11.4 Goals of teaching Arabic

 

11.5 Bilingual schools: the Hand-in-Hand schools

 

11.6 Conclusion

Chapter 12 Language ideology and attitudes: Arabic language academies and future vision documents

 

12.1 Language ideology and attitudes towards Arabic

 

12.1.1 The Communist party and the Democratic Front

 

12.1.2 Balad

 

12.1.3 The Islamic Movement

 

12.1.4 Civil organizations

 

12.2 Survey

 

12.3 Conclusion

 

12.4 Arabic language academies in the Israeli context: between the research role and nationalist aspirations

 

12.4.1Arabic language academies

  

12.4.2 Arabic language academies in Israel

 

12.4.3 Conclusion

 

12.5 The role of Arabic according to future vision documents

 

12.5.1 Introduction

 

12.5.2 Arabic in the future vision documents

 

12.5.3 Conclusion

Chapter 13 Epilogue: facing the challenges

 

13.1 Challenges of the Arabic language

 

13.2 Facing the challenges

 

13.2.1 Arabic as a strategic choice for building an Arab knowledge society

 

13.2.2 Meeting the challenges: building a framework

 

13.3 Practical proposals

 

13.4 Conclusion

 

Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Muhammad Amara is the head of Graduate Studies at Beit Berl College, Israel,a  lecturer at Al-Qasemi College, and president of the Israeli Society for the Study of Language and Society.