Arbitration Concerning the South China Sea
Philippines versus China
On 22 January 2013, the Republic of the Philippines instituted arbitral proceedings against the People’s Republic of China (PRC) under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) with regard to disputes between the two countries in the South China Sea. The South China Sea Arbitration is a landmark case in international law because of the parties involved, the legal questions to be decided and the absence of one of the parties. As revealed in its official statements, the PRC will neither accept nor participate in this arbitration nor present written and oral arguments in the tribunal room. Such default of appearance makes applicable certain procedural rules. According to Article 9 of Annex VII, the Tribunal, before making its Award, is obligated to satisfy itself not only that it has jurisdiction over the dispute, but also that the claims brought by the Philippines are well-founded in fact and law. Therefore, it is necessary for the Tribunal to look into all the claims brought forward by the Philippines and all the disputes constituted by the claims in the procedural phase. The possible arguments the PRC could make should be explored during this process. This book brings together chapters selected from well-established scholars in Asia, Europe and North America addressing the issues arising from the South China Sea Arbitration. It contains five easy to read parts: origin and development of the South China Sea dispute; the jurisdiction and admissibility of the case; international adjudication and dispute settlement; legal issues arising from the case such as the legal status of the U-shaped line and islands, rocks and low-tide elevations; and the Arbitration case and its impact on regional maritime security.
Table of Contents
- Philippines v. China Arbitration Case concerning the South China Sea: An Introduction
- Competing Claims over the South China Sea Islands and the Way Forward: A Chinese Perspective on the Philippine-China Arbitration Case
- The South China Sea Disputes Are Not Yet Justiciable
- Conciliation and Article 298 Dispute Resolution Procedures under the Law of the Sea Convention
- The Legal Status of Maritime Features in the Sino-Philippine South China Sea Arbitration: Admissibility and Jurisdiction
- Does China’s Position Paper on the South China Sea Arbitration Constitute a Preliminary Objection?
- The Arctic Sunrise Case and Its Implications for China
- The U-shaped Line and Historic Rights in the Philippines v. China Arbitration Case
- The Law of the Sea Convention and the U-Shaped Line: Some Comments
- The South China Sea Arbitration Case Filed by the Philippines against China: Arguments Concerning Low Tide Elevations, Rocks, and Islands
- Offshore Geographic Features and Their Significance to Sovereignty and Maritime Claims
- Fishery Resources Management in a Disputed Maritime Zone: A Political and Legal Analysis
- Law Enforcement in a Disputed Maritime Zone: A Political and Legal Analysis
- The Impact of the Arbitration Case on Regional Maritime Security
Shicun Wu, PhD in History, is President of the National Institute for South China Sea Studies, and Deputy Director of the National Collaborative Center of South China Sea Studies, Nanjing University. Dr Wu’s research interests cover the history and geography of the South China Sea, maritime delimitation, maritime economy, international relations and regional security strategy. Keyuan Zou is Harris Professor of International Law at the Lancashire Law School of the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan), United Kingdom. He specializes in international law, in particular law of the sea and international environmental law.
This edited collection of chapters from leading oceans scholars is a timely and incisive examination of the Philippines versus China arbitration on the South China Sea. It offers multidimensional insights into the history, law and politics surrounding the South China Sea disputes for policy makers, scholars and all those interested in this pivotal region.’ Robin Warner, University of Wollongong, Australia ’This superb collection of legal approaches to arbitration in the South China Sea confirms my basic conviction: Law Trumps Power! No matter what the Arbitral Tribunal decides, the maritime disputes will be resolved on the basis of international law, not through the use of force.
Stein Tonnesson, Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway