The 1980s witnessed exciting developments in theoretical writing in Western archaeology. Where previous decades were dominated by the Anglo-American perspective, or "New Archaeology", the recent years showed the European debate grow in confidence and vitality. This book, published in 1991, captures this spirit of debate as contributors from a wide cross-section of countries evaluate the development of the distinctly national and European characteristics of archaeology and assess future directions. Contributors consider an extensive range of ideologies and viewpoints, stressing the fundamentally historical emphasis and social construction of European archaeology. The development of archaeological theory is traced, with specific emphasis on factors which differ from country to country. Ultimately, it argues that the most active response to archaeology is to celebrate theory within a constantly critical mode. A great insight into the development of theory.
Table of Contents
Preface 1. Archaeological Theory in Contemporary European Societies: The Emergence of Competing Traditions Ian Hodder 2. Theory in Spanish Archaeology from 1960 J.M. Vazquez Valera and R. Risch 3. The Italian Perspective on Theoretical Archaeology Bruno d’Agostino 4. The Powerful Past: Theoretical Trends in Greek Archaeology Kostas Kotsakis 5. The Use of Theory in French Archaeology Serge Cleuziou e al 6. Theoretical Archaeology in Britain Timothy Champion 7. Theory in Scandinavian Archaeology Since 1960: A View from Norway Bjørn Myhre 8. All Quiet on the Western Front? Paradigms, Methods and Approaches in West German Archaeology Heinrich Härke 9. Theory in Polish Archaeology 1960-90: Searching for Paradigms Zbigniew Kobylinski 10. Recent Theoretical Achievements in Prehistoric Archaeology in Czechoslovakia Evžen Neustupný 11. Archaeological Theory in Hungary Since 1960: Theories without Theoretical Archaeology J. Laszlovszky and Cs. Siklódi