Archaeology and its Discontents examines the state of archaeology today and its development throughout the twentieth century, making a powerful case for new approaches.
Surveying the themes of twentieth-century archaeological theory, Barrett looks at their successes, limitations, and failures. Seeing more failures and limitations than successes, he argues that archaeology has over-focused on explaining the human construction of material variability and should instead be more concerned with understanding how human diversity has been constructed. Archaeology matters, he argues, precisely because of the insights it can offer into the development of human diversity. The analysis and argument are illustrated throughout by reference to the development of the European Neolithic.
Arguing both for new approaches and for the importance of archaeology as a discipline, Archaeology and its Discontents is for archaeologists at all levels, from student to professor and trainee to experienced practitioner.
Table of Contents
1. Explanation and understanding
2. The archaeological record
3. Systems and the dynamics of historical change: The New Archaeology
4. A Social Archaeology
5. From functionalism to a symbolic and structural archaeology
6. The evolution of ecosystems
7. The making of populations
8. The cultures of life
John C. Barrett is Emeritus Professor of Archaeology at the University of Sheffield, having previously taught at the Universities of Leeds and Glasgow. He is the author of Fragments from Antiquity (1994) and co-author, with Michael Boyd, of From Stonehenge to Mycenae (2019). His research has focused upon British and European prehistory and archaeological theory.
"Archaeology and Its Discontents is a challenging, and immensely stimulating read." - Mike Pitts, British Archaeology
"Archaeology and Its Discontents is a book I cannot praise enough; it should be required reading for all archaeologist, and not just those interested in prehistory." - Stratos Nanoglou, American Journal of Archaeology
"Archaeology and Its Discontents is a valuable contribution to debating the histories of archaeological philosophies and for understanding the field’s relevance to ecological humanities." - Stephanie Koerner, Antiquity