Archetype: A Natural History of the Self, first published in 1982, was a ground-breaking book; the first to explore the connections between Jung's archetypes and evolutionary disciplines such as ethology and sociobiology, and an excellent introduction to the archetypes in theory and practical application as well.
C.G. Jung's 'archetypes of the collective unconscious' have traditionally remained the property of analytical psychology, and have commonly been dismissed as 'mystical' by scientists. But Jung himself described them as biological entities, which, if they exist at all, must be amenable to empirical study. In the work of Bowlby and Lorenz, and in studies of the bilateral brain, Anthony Stevens has discovered the key to opening up this long-ignored scientific approach to the archetypes, originally envisaged by Jung. At last, in a creative leap made possible by the cross-fertilisation of several specialist disciplines, psychiatry can be integrated with psychology, with ethology and biology. The result is an immensely enriched science of human behaviour.
In Archetype Revisited, Stevens considers the enormous cultural, social and intellectual changes that have taken place since the publication of the original edition, and includes:
- An updated chapter on The Archetypal Masculine and Feminine, reflecting recent research findings and developments in feminist thinking;
- Commentary on the intrusion of neo-Darwinian thinking into psychology and psychiatry;
- Analysis of what has happened to the archetype in terms of our understanding of it and our responses to it.
This Classic Edition of the book includes a new introduction by the author.
Table of Contents
Introduction to the Classic Edition. Foreword to the Classic Edition. Acknowledgements. A note to the reader. Preface. Personal Introduction. Part I: Archetypes in Theory. Jung and the ethologists. Archetypes and meaning. The archetypal hypothesis. Archetypes and behaviour. Archetypes and experience. Part II: Archetypes in Practice. The family. The mother. The father. On the frustration of archetypal intent. Personal identity and the stages of life. The archetypal masculine and feminine. Shadow: The archetypal enemy. Part III: Synthesis and Integration. On being in two minds. A question of balance. Personal afterword. Glossary. Bibliography. Index.
Anthony Stevens has spent his professional life working as a Jungian analyst, psychiatrist and writer. He is a graduate of Oxford University and in addition to a Doctorate in Medicine has two degrees in Psychology. He is a Senior Member of the Independent Group of Analytical Psychologists and a Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists. His previous books include Archetype: A Natural History of the Self and Evolutionary Psychiatry: A New Beginning, with John Price.
'This is a very welcome arrival after nearly twenty years since the first edition. The new publication is not only a new edition of the original work, but we have the pleasure of reading an update at the end of each chapter. Dr Anthony Stevens is revisiting his Natural History of the Self…… This book I hope will become a standard text for all budding Jungian analysts. More than that. It should be read by all in clinical and academic psychology and psychiatry so as to open the minds and traditions of what is all too often a doctrinaire and dogmatic education.' John Stewart, Harvest
'Reading this book is an enlightening experience. Stevens draws the reader into a wide landscape of exploration which brings with it new and interesting insights and connections. He has endeavoured to cover all aspects of what is meant by the term 'archetype' and to bring the reader up to date with current research and ideas... The book itself is an archetypal exploration of the spectrum of what it means to be human and to live and express humanness and, as such, is an important contribution which is well worth reading.' Journal of Analytical Psychology, no. 48, 2003