Architecting Fail‐Safe Supply Networks: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Architecting Fail‐Safe Supply Networks

1st Edition

By Shabnam Rezapour, Amirhossein Khosrojerdi, Golnoosh Rasoulifar, Janet K. Allen, Jitesh H. Panchal, Ramakrishnan S. Srinivasan, Jeffrey D. Tew, Farrokh Mistree

CRC Press

358 pages | 38 Color Illus. | 87 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2018-10-02
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Description

A fail-safe supply network is designed to mitigate the impact of variations and disruptions on people and corporations. This is achieved by (1) developing a network structure to mitigate the impact of disruptions that distort the network structure and (2) planning flow through the network to neutralize the effects of variations.

In this monograph, we propose a framework, develop mathematical models and provide examples of fail-safe supply network design. We show that, contrary to current thinking as embodied in the supply network literature, disruption management decisions made at the strategic network design level are not independent from variation management decisions made at the operational level. Accordingly, we suggest that it is beneficial to manage disruptions and variations concurrently in supply networks. This is achieved by architecting fail-safe supply networks, which are characterized by the following elements: reliability, robustness, flexibility, structural controllability, and resilience.

Organizations can use the framework presented in this monograph to manage variations and disruptions. Managers can select the best operational management strategies for their supply networks considering variations in supply and demand, and identify the best network restoration strategies including facility fortification, backup inventory, flexible production capacity, flexible inventory, and transportation route reconfiguration. The framework is generalizable to other complex engineered networks.

Table of Contents

1 Conception of Fail-Safe Supply Networks

Introduction: Networks and the power of connections

Challenges facing supply networks and the importance of risk management

An architecture for Fail-safe networks

Organization of the monograph

Definitions of terms used

Closing Remarks

2 Variation Management in a Single Forward Supply Chain

Importance of Variation Management in Supply Chains

Literature of Variation Management in Supply Chains

Our Contribution to the Supply Chain Literature

Operations and Variation in a Supply Chain

Mathematical Model of Reliable Production Planning throughout the Supply Chain

Solution for the Supply Chain's Reliable Production Planning Model

Computational Results

Closing Remarks

References

3 Variation Management in Pre- and After-Sales Supply Chains of Non-Repairable Products

Importance of the After-sales Supply Chains for Products with Non-Repairable Components

Literature of the After-sales Operations for Products with Non-Repairable Components

Literature of Variation in the After-sales Operations of Products with Non-Repairable Components

Our Contributions to the After-sales Operations of Products with Non-Repairable Components

Problem Description

Mathematical Model

Solution Approach

Results and Discussions

Closing Remarks

References

Appendix 3.A: Proofs of lemmas

Appendix 3.B: After-sales demand prediction

Appendix 3.C: Linearization of model

4 Variation Management in the Product-Service Supply Chains of Repairable Products

Importance of After-sales Supply Chains for Repairable Products

Literature of After-sales Operations

Our Contribution to the Literature of After-sales Supply Chains for Repairable Products

Problem Description: Operations and Variations in the Forward and After-sales Supply Chains of Repairable Products

Mathematical Model for Concurrent Flow planning in the Forward and After-sales Supply Chains of Repairable Products

Solution Approach

Computational Results

Closing Remarks

References

Appendix 4.A: Assumptions of the problem

Appendix 4.B: Notation

Appendix 4.C: After-sales demand in each sales period

Appendix 4.D: Model linearization

5 Variation Management in Supply Networks

Reliable Flow Planning in Supply Networks

Literature in the After-sales Operations

Operations and Variations in Supply Networks

Path Concepts in Supply Networks

Variation Management in the Pre-sales Supply Network

Variation Management in the After-sales Supply Network

Concurrent flow planning in the pre- and after-sales supply networks

Solution Approach

Numerical Analysis

Closing Remarks

References

Appendix 5.A: Notations used in this chapter

Appendix 5.B: Flowchart for the solution algorithm developed in Section 5.8

6 Disruption Management using Robust Design in Supply Networks

Disruptions in Supply Networks: Robustness, Structural Controllability, and Resilience in Supply Network Design

Disruption Management in Supply Networks Literature

Disruption Management using Robust Design Modeling

Supply Network Modeling for Designing Power Grid Networks under Disruptions

Power Grid Supply Network Modeling under Disruptions

Power Grid Supply Network Example: A Regional Electric Company

Results and Discussions: Power Grid Supply Network Modeling under Disruptions

Closing Remarks

Acknowledgment

Reference

Index

7 Structural Controllability in Managing Disruptions in Supply Networks

Introduction: Structural Controllability in Supply Networks

Structural Controllability in the Literature

Controllability Vs. Structural Controllability in Supply Networks

Functions of Structural Controllability in Supply Networks

Implementation of Structural Controllability in Supply Networks

Computational Results of the Proposed Model

Three-stage proposed model for managing disruptions

Closing Remarks

References

Index

8 Disruption Management: Resilience Design of Structurally Controllable Supply Networks

Introduction: Disruption Management in Supply Networks

Significance of Resilience in Designing Structurally Controllable Supply Networks

Resilience Analysis and Restoration Strategies

Three-stage model for managing disruptions

Petroleum Industry Example of Supply Networks under Disruptions

Computational Results for Resilient Design of Structural Controllable Supply Networks

Closing Remarks

References

Appendix 8-A: Stage One Mathematical Formulation

Appendix 8-B: Stage Two Mathematical Formulation

Index

9 Concurrent Management of Disruptions and Variations

Variations and Disruptions in Supply Networks

Disruption and Variation Management in Supply Networks Literature

Our Contributions to the Supply Network Literature

Problem Description

Variation Management

Disruption management

Closing Remarks

Appendix 9.A: Notation of the model

Appendix 9.B: Linearizing Approach

Appendix 9.C: Computational Times

Appendix 9.D: Fubini’s Theorem

Appendix 9.E: BM Value

10 Emerging Technologies and Extension of the Fail-Safe Framework to Other Networks

Summary of Contributions

Emerging Technologies for Designing Fail-Safe Networked Systems

Open Research Challenges

Beyond supply chains – towards "engineered networks" – to fail-safe networks in other industries

Closing Comments

References

 

About the Authors

Shabnam Rezapour, Ph.D. is an assistant professor in the Enterprise and Logistics Engineering program at the Florida International University in Miami, Florida. She has co-authored two books, five book chapters and more than twenty technical papers dealing with designing and managing decentralized network-centric systems such as commercial, humanitarian and healthcare supply networks, logistics and transportation systems and network infrastructure. Her research focus is on managing risks and disruptions in network-centric systems embodied in uncertain environments characterized by natural and manmade disasters. Shabnam is a Fellow of INFORMS and POMS. Shabnam’s passion is to help others to learn how to think systematically and quantify engineering systems.

Amirhossein Khosrojerdi, Ph.D. is a risk and portfolio analytics manager in Credit and Decision Management at Discover Financial Services. He has ten years of experience in operations research, mathematical modeling, and disruption management in supply networks and network-based systems. His publication record includes over twenty conference papers, journal articles, and books. His current focus is on advancing analytics and data-driven decision making in finance and technology. Amirhossein’s passion is investing in new ideas through entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship.

Golnoosh Rasoulifar, Ph.D. is an independent consultant in the area of analytics and system design. Her research in Industrial Engineering is focused on the incorporation of methods and tools to enable specialists from multiple areas to work together, including engineering, design, consumer behavior, environment, marketing and branding. Her research in Engineering Education domain is focused on application of effective teaching practices and measures of success. Golnoosh has authored several conference and journal papers in both domains. Golnoosh's passion is to promote creative thinking and effective knowledge sharing in multidisciplinary projects.

Janet K. Allen, Ph.D. holds the John and Mary Moore Chair in the School of Industrial and Systems Engineering at the University of Oklahoma. She has co-authored a textbook, two monographs and more than 300 technical papers dealing with the management of uncertainty in the integrated realization of materials, products and associated manufacturing processes, the design of mechanical, thermal and structural systems; and ships and aircraft. Janet is a Fellow of ASME and a Senior Member of AIAA. Janet’s passion is to create, archive, and transmit knowledge about the realization of complex engineering systems.

Jitesh H. Panchal, Ph.D. is an Associate Professor in the School of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University. His research interests are in the science of systems engineering with focus on three areas: democratization of design and manufacturing, decision making in decentralized socio-technical systems, and integrated products and materials design. He is a recipient of a CAREER award from the US National Science Foundation, Young Engineer Award, three best paper awards from ASME, and a university silver medal from IIT Guwahati. Jitesh is passionate about solving problems at the interface of multiple disciplines.

Ramakrishnan S. (RS) Srinivasan, Ph.D. is a Principal Scientist in the Digital Manufacturing and Operations Innovation Program at Tata Consultancy Services. He has over 25 years of industrial experience with a rich background in supply chain application software, mechanical design, manufacturing and industrial engineering. RS’s publication record includes twenty-two conference papers, journal articles, and book chapters. He has filed two patent applications. His passion lies in applied research in the supply chain domain, with an emphasis on risk management methods and scenario planning.

Jeffrey D. Tew, Ph.D. is the Chief Scientist and founding Director for the Digital Manufacturing and Operations Innovation Program for Tata Consultancy Services. He is an internationally known innovation leader and subject matter expert in Digital Manufacturing, Transportation and Supply Chain Management, Global Logistics, Green Supply Chain Design and Execution, and Service Parts Management with over 25 years’ experience in industrial research. He has maintained a strong publication record throughout his career, including filing 12 U.S. Patents awarded to date, over 80 internal GM R&D publications, and over 35 archival publications in leading professional journals. Jeff is passionate about developing top-notch industrial research teams and developing innovative solutions to crucial business problems.

Farrokh Mistree, Ph.D. holds the L. A. Comp Chair in the School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Oklahoma in Norman, Oklahoma. He has co-authored two textbooks, two monographs and more than 400 technical papers dealing with the integrated realization of materials, products and associated manufacturing processes, the design of mechanical, thermal and structural systems; ships and aircraft. Farrokh is a Fellow of ASME, an Associate Fellow of AIAA, a Life Member of The Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi. Farrokh’s passion is to help motivated people define and achieve their dreams.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS076000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Purchasing & Buying
BUS093000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Facility Management
TEC016000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Design / General