1st Edition

Architectural Research Addressing Societal Challenges Proceedings of the EAAE ARCC 10th International Conference (EAAE ARCC 2016), 15-18 June 2016, Lisbon, Portugal

    The escalating interdependecy of nations drives global geopolitics to shift ever more quickly. Societies seem unable to control any change that affects their cities, whether positively or negatively. Challenges are global, but solutions need to be implemented locally. How can architectural research contribute to the future of our changing society? How has it contributed in the past? The theme of the 10th EAAE/ARCC International Conference, “Architectural Research Addressing Societal Challenges”, was set to address these questions. This book, Architectural Research Addressing Societal Challenges, includes reviewed papers presented in June 2016, at the 10th EAAE/ARCC International Conference, which was held at the facilities of the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon. The papers have been further divided into the following five sub-themes: a Changing Society; In Transit – Global Migration; Renaturalization of the City; Emerging Fields of Architectural Practice; and Research on Architectural Education. The EAAE/ARCC International Conference, held under the aegis of the EAAE and of the ARCC, is a conference organized every other year, in collaboration with one of the member schools/ universities of those associations, alternatively in North America or in Europe.

    VOLUME 1

    Changing society – In transit-global migration – Renaturalization of the city

    Changing society

    Urban transformation

    Change agents in urban transformation: The case of Helsinki
    M. Louekari

    Urban regeneration of former industrial cities. A cure or a curse? The case of Ancoats conservation area in Manchester, England
    T. Chatzi Rodopoulou & J. Hunt

    Transporting transformations: A case study of built environment changed by transportation in rural China
    X. Lin, B. Jia & M. Zhou

    Emerging patterns of change for tomorrow’s cities
    D.P. Henriques

    Transformation of Chinese traditional mountain village in contemporary era: The study case of Tangdu Village in Guizhou Province
    Q. Du

    Smart solutions in urban development: The medium-sized cities of Bydgoszcz and Rzeszow, Poland
    O. Gazi´nska

    Africa: The urban challenge
    F. Ronco &A. Perino

    Adaptable structures for emerging socio-cultural changes in Africa
    D. Donath, B. Rudolf &A. Haile

    Temporary commercial spaces: Celebrating the ‘right to the city’
    A. Allegri

    South Africa’s new challenges: Planning inclusive connection spaces
    M. Bodino

    Smartphone application for long-term urban lifestyle and mobility monitoring
    L. Sobková & H.H. Achten

    Neighborhood design and children’s active travel to/from school
    J.S. Lee, R. Moore & O. Demir

    The experimental project of spread “social housing” of Real Estate Fund Ca’ Granda. Construction of a synthetic index for the implementation of the mobility plan
    M. Borghi, G. Ferri &A.S. Pavesi

    Public space and the contemporary city

    Austerity, subverted
    C. Chatzichristou & G. Makridis

    The Guggenheim effect and failed public investment in architecture
    M. Baptista-Bastos &A. Lau

    The “Iron Curtain” as urban observatory of the contemporary social contradictions
    C. Toscani

    The social [il]logic of [sub]urban exodus: The rise and fall of Nasr City and the evolution of the Egyptian middle class
    A. elBahrawy

    Social and political agency of architecture: Performativity and the contemporary global city
    J. Vela Castillo & M.O. del Santo Mora

    Twin cities as urban laboratory of the contemporary social contradictions
    C. Toscani

    Lines, pipelines, and the contested space of transcontinental fossil fuel transport
    E.E. Moore & I.M. Volynets

    Unknown knowns of architecture: Reconstitution of vitality in Boston City Hall Plaza
    E. Sheikholharam

    Indian (public) spaces. Transitions and cycles
    G. Setti

    The squares in Portugal inventory and the creation of contemporary spaces
    C.D. Coelho, S.B. Proença & S.P. Fernandes

    Evaluating sense of community in the public spaces of residential neighborhoods in Tehran, Iran
    H.H. Molana

    The new roof spaces. The legacy of Le Corbusier in the contemporary city
    A. Como & L. Smeragliuolo Perrotta

    Sustainable habitat

    NmeeTon: Self-sustainable habitat for new social challenges
    E. Aparo, L. Soares & M. Ribeiro

    Real estate, residency, design and sustainability: Reconsidering innovation and efficacy in development
    S. Rajan & B.R. Sinclair

    Shell performativity as a tool for urban action
    S. Vyzoviti

    Machinic approaches_new methodologies for responsive environments
    B. Uçar

    T.E.S.S. – An interactive sustainability lab
    D.A. Kratzer

    Rethinking heritage

    Life-cycle assessment of historical building reuse: Is the existing building the greenest building?
    M. Hu

    Culture, context+environmental design: Reconsidering vernacular in modern Islamic urbanism
    S. bin Zayyad & B.R. Sinclair

    Beyond the passage: Analytical probe into the emancipatory potential of space
    D. C´orovic´ & M. Milinkovic´

    Sustainability and design in heritage rehabilitation
    A.P. Pinheiro

    From monument to embodiment: A social case for a more expansive representational strategy for architectural heritage
    S. Erdo˘gan Ford

    Participation, social changes and inclusive design

    Towards an adaptive urbanism beyond hard control: The theories of Johnson and Lefebvre
    N. Abbasabadi & M. Ashayeri Jahan Khanemloo

    IEP sites: Combining planning tools to address planning uncertainty
    M. Bylemans, N. Vallet & M. Van Acker

    Social challenges meet architecture – from participation to digital fabrication
    S. Neves &A. Paio

    Lifelong learning in the context of socialization and sustainable development
    H. Melkonyan, O. Turchanina &A. Castelbranco

    Measuring urban ageing. Città Giardino Torino: A resilient archipelago for the elderly
    D. Vero & B. Giardino

    Social sustainability in urban context: Concepts, definitions, and principles
    A. Mehan & F. Soflaei

    Mind the GAPs: Are urban planners defined by generational mindsets?
    M. Del C. Vera

    Red light at night to enhance cognitive functioning for society’s special needs groups
    E.V. Ellis, D.L. McEachron, E.W. Gonzalez & D.A. Kratzer

    Classroom design for children on the autistic spectrum
    A. Mokhov & E.H. Steinfeld

    The impact of patient room design on airborne hospital-acquired infections
    A. Copeland &A. Sharag-Eldin


    Quality of life by design: Study of space usage for affordable housing in Harbin, China
    M.Wang, H. Mei & X. Zhu

    Permanence to allow change. The archetypal room: The persistence of the 4×4 room
    G. Ledent

    Versions of collectivity in housing architecture: From the modern to the post-human
    C. Pantelidou

    A more versatile and adaptable dwelling, for a changing society
    H. Farias

    Dutch experiment in co-creation in a collectively commissioned housing project
    T.T. Veeger & S.J.E. Maussen

    The sun for all: Social equity and the debate on best solar orientation of high modernist housing
    U. Poerschke

    Neighbourhoods with single-family houses growing old
    H. Müller

    Dwelling and family diversity: Analysis of housing units and households in Lisbon
    A.S. Moreira & H. Farias

    Equality of energy efficiency for low-income housing in the Mississippi Delta
    E.M. McGlohn & E. Roush-Elliott

    Housing of prime social need – Polish traditions of socially engaged architecture
    N. Przesmycka

    In transit-global migration

    Vietnamese workforce housing research and design
    D. Rockwood &T. Duc Quang

    Knowledge management in post-disaster resettlement housing
    B. Ballinger & K.D. Silva

    Jewish neighbourhoods in prewar Poland – an attempt at typology
    M. Hanzl

    Refugee shelter: Cheap, fast, lightweight and sustainable
    O. Chamel

    “Hospitality now!” from meeting migrant needs to rethinking contemporary urban dwelling. A critical review of two studio experiments
    J. Kent Fitzsimons

    Integration of Turkish migrants in Germany: A case study in polarities
    ˙I. Öz &A. Staub

    Architecture “with the other 90%” – An African story
    M.L. Khoury

    Regeneration of barrack complexes as means to sustainable development
    M.M. Rudnicka-Bogusz

    Lisbon and Brasilia: Cities and cultural facilities in the face of globalization
    S. Guimarães, R. de Castro Almeida & P. Pereira

    Renaturalization of the city


    Toward a sustainable city-territory in a diffused context: The potential of internal limits
    G. Vanneste

    Imbricate ecologies: Rethinking the city-nature relational challenge
    W. Mansour

    Urban biophilic environments-a novel lexicon for trans-disciplinary practice
    D.S. Nicholas, R. Truoncgao,W. Char & S. Anandan

    Out in the open
    S. Morgado

    From structures to landscapes – towards re-conceptualization of the urban condition
    L. Nyka

    Sustainable environment

    Transdisciplinary design framework and a NZE future for the city
    C.C. Bodurow

    Regenerative design for achieving net-zero energy commercial buildings in different climate types
    A. Aksamija &Y.Wang

    Tall buildings, high expectations, towering responsibilities: Critically considering skyscrapers, urbanism and sustainability
    F. Alotaibi & B.R. Sinclair

    Sustainable design and performance of architecture and landscape architecture in urban areas
    C. Albrecht & U. Poerschke

    An autopsy of an environmental tragedy: 1995 Chicago heat wave
    A. Sharag-Eldin, K. Atchison, C.B. Heller, S. Gharehgozlou, H. Haji Molana &W. Lucak

    Waterfront, urban and landscape design

    The people’s park: A study of the relationship between design and conviviality in Superkilen
    M. Beltran-Rodriguez & M. Simon

    Evidence-based design of outdoor learning spaces in winter: Behavioral mapping in a ‘Forest School’
    A. Rout & P. Galpern

    Re-naturalization of post-war housing estates in Poland. The value of residential green space
    E. Przesmycka & Z. Napieralska

    Industrial ruins. A re-cycling approach in researches for dismissed areas
    A. Massarente

    The ripple effect: How saving Yamuna river will save Delhi
    G.I.S. Keith

    Bartram’s bringing boating back: Reviving Philadelphia’s Schuylkill River
    E.V. Ellis

    Learning from ancient Anatolia: Strategies of naturalization in metropolitan Istanbul
    T. Frank

    A city for the eyes of the future – children’s visions of the city
    R. Pelayo, P. Leal & I. Machado

    A bio-socio integrative approach for future development of waterbodies in Alexandria
    R.E. Abdel Galil

    Bottom-up initiatives and urban acupuncture

    Urban acupuncture as a tool for today’s re-naturalization of the city: The non-constructible parcels of municipal Beirut through the case study of the Saifi district
    D.R. Aouad

    Neighborhood regeneration and vulnerable youth engagement through micro-level gardening interventions
    L.M. Farah, C. Li & B. Tardif

    Constructing urban habitats: Investigating the ecological potential of integrating natural environments into buildings and landscapes in urban areas
    G. Mangone

    Camouflage: Design innovation for “Grey Infrastructures” in the city of the future
    O.E. Bellini

    Green infrastructure in NewYork City: Top down and bottom up initiatives to improve environmental quality
    K. Perini


    VOLUME 2

    Emerging fields of architectural practice – Research on architectural education

    Emerging fields of architectural practice

    The changing role of the architect

    Thinking + making: Digital craft as social project
    S.E. Doyle

    Emerging research: The architect’s personal research through design competitions
    P. Guilherme & S. Salema

    Modern architecture Kuwait: The role of the architect
    R. Camacho

    The architect and interactive buildings: From builder to composer and conductor?
    H.H. Achten

    The emerging role of the architect as systems designer
    Z. Oztoprak

    Mapping the expanding and fracturing field of architecture
    S.M. Golden

    Designing for a sustainable environment

    On the ground …and into the air – Research & Development for an eco-friendly habitat on rural commune named Ambert
    O. Balaÿ & G. Mai

    Exploration of multiple zone daylighting and energy performance for senior housing
    Y. Fang & S. Cho

    Forms of the Earth and elements of the city in Muratori’s urban projects
    G. Tupputi

    Landscape design and restoration as an educational hub: An experience from Costa Rica
    J. Cancela &A. Orozco

    Urban species
    F. Afonso & K. Jedenov

    Revisiting forgotten energy technologies – a comparative performance history of a residence with an underfloor air plenum and ground-coupled water-source heat pump
    L.O. Degelman

    Evaluating the energy performance under the LEED-ND criteria by using EnergyPlus
    O. Demir & S. Mirianhosseinabadi

    Urban glare and death ray potentials from glass towers
    K.H. Kim & S.-H. Han

    Statistical analysis of academic performance in Ohio’s Green Schools
    C.B. Heller &A. Sharag-Eldin

    A framework for commissioning and energy performance measurement and verification in buildings
    S. Mirianhosseinabadi, S. Cho & S. Song

    The digital challenge

    Design and praxis in the post-digital era
    A.P.C. Buccellato, C.F. Vardeman & H.T. Ferguson

    Refund Brunelleschi: The redefined role of representation for an integrated building process
    M. Lo Turco

    Model as machine/machine as model: Emerging representational devices in stereotomic practice
    S. Fernando & M. Mindrup

    Additive architecture: 3D printed architecture
    B. Peters

    Laser scanning: The transformation of architectural practice through 3D imaging
    S. Kim & M. Hylton III

    Japan, from modernity to today

    Study on Japanese Art Museums since the SecondWorldWar: Graphic analysis and typology
    H. Machín & J. Almazán

    Japanese spirituality, flexibility and design: Influences and impacts on agile architecture+open building
    B.R. Sinclair

    The urban persistences and social traditions in the (re)creation of the Japanese urban modernity
    J.M. Silva

    Top-down and bottom-up approaches in Tokyo’s recent urban re-development projects
    L. Alessio

    Research on architectural education


    New schools of thought – an investigation on tendencies in architectural education
    V. Kaps, C. Martinez-Cañavate, J. DeWalsche & J. Soolep

    Ancient architecture and new meaning in the NewWorld. Current tendencies in the USA
    C. Giannattasio &A. Pinna

    Future studio: Preparing students for practice in the global context
    M. Simon

    Architectural education circa 2030: Results of master planning research
    M. Sattler

    Teaching architecture in the 21st century: The role of research and extension in a transdisciplinary view
    M.C.P. Tavares & M. Costa Pereira

    Research by design

    Case study strategies for designers: Teaching integrative data evaluation
    M. Sarvimäki

    From design to research by design: Experimenting pedagogies to face territorial issues
    J.-P. De Visscher & N.Willemet

    The European Quarter of Brussels: From district to neighbourhood. The difference between study and research by design
    G. Ledent & J.-P. De Visscher

    Design as research: A new trend in architectural design in the United States
    F. Lian &Y. Song

    Designing a life-world for designers: A phenomenological inquiry intoWeiss/Manfredi’s Center for Architecture and Environmental Design building

    Sustainable design

    Transition space and the image of contemporary city
    P. Haupt

    Between research and teaching: Green infrastructure for dense urban areas
    A. Magliocco & K. Perini

    A passive-first artificial sky: An educational tool
    B.T. Haglund, D. Gilbert & M. Payne

    A solar Decathlon House intentionally designed to increase teaching opportunities
    V.Y. Blouin, D. Albright, D. Harding, U. Heine & D. Pastre

    The digital challenge

    A contemplative pause on the integration of digital computational thinking into architectural education
    R. Ajlouni

    Decode: Reverse engineering abstract art a method for teaching computer programming to architects
    I. Vukorep

    Exploring learning objectives for digital design in architectural education
    S.E. Doyle & N. Senske

    The vertical lateral: A model for social impact design education
    F. Gandhi

    Designing education in the digitally preformatted age
    S. Yeshayahu & P. Zawarus

    How CAAD is changing society’s role in architecture
    T. Maver

    Evaluating the veridicality of two-dimensional representations of three-dimensional architectural space through physiological response
    J.A.E. Shields, J.S. Gero & R. Yu

    Regenerative design – new role for the built environment
    B.D. Dias

    Building blocks: Abstraction and iteration
    B. Shields & J.A.E. Shields

    Introducing digital soft skills: Bridging the gaps in architectural education
    S.E. Doyle & N. Senske


    Architectural synergies: Participatory design and construction of a pavilion prototype
    A. Michael, O. Kontovourkis & M.C. Phocas

    FAjúnior – Architectural games
    M. Louro, F. Oliveira & M. Baptista-Bastos

    Community-driven design aspects of architecture education in Hungary |S. Portschy

    Applying a blended learning methodology to the study of housing
    L. Madrazo, C. Sentieri & N. Charalambous

    Trouble in Happy Valley. The documentation of a research through design collaborative project between a postgraduate Atelier at the Manchester School of Architecture and the local community of a small town
    S. Stone & L. Sanderson


    Ethics in architecture: Introducing concepts of power and empowerment
    A. Staub

    In search of meaningful interdisciplinary work in architectural education
    T.R. Rider

    Spatial imagination and representation, a method for integrating the theory and practice of spatial analysis in architectural education
    J.C.T. Voorthuis & H.M.T. Aarts

    Displacements and notes on searching the architecture of the placeless
    E. Komez Daglioglu & N. Sanaan Bensi

    Architecture as interface: A constructive method for spatial articulation in architectural education
    A.P. Baltazar

    The role of representations in architectural design learning
    A.Z. Aydemir, B. Pak & K. Scheerlinck

    Curating and exhibiting architecture: Pedagogy in the gallery context
    D.L.C. Hennebury

    An investigation of building systems education in architecture
    R. Liu & P.V. Marks

    Structure in architecture – A definition in the poetic tectonic age
    F.X. Oliveira

    Architectural responses to societal challenges via design-build programs in architectural education
    A. ¸Sahin

    Modeling architecture design studio on practice-based integrated “ways of working”
    T. Collins &T. Hegli

    Quest for “openness” in architectural pedagogy from 60’s onwards
    S. Türkkan

    Trading our ivory towers for ones made of wood: Models for solid timber research and education in the US
    M.K. Donofrio

    Intermediate landscape regeneration. Implications on architectural education
    P. Vall-Casas, M. Benages-Albert, A. Cuéllar & P. Elinbaum

    Typo-morphology: From research to architectural education
    J. Leite & R. Justo

    Unveiling the city_the case of Aeolou street
    K. Karvountzi, M. Papavasiliou & E. Konstantinidou

    The changing academy: Case studies

    The place of architectural design studios in Portugal in response to the Bologna agreement
    P.L. Pinto

    The drawing school in Christiania – architecture education into modern times
    M. Sprovin

    Transforming architectural education at the cross roads of the world
    A.K. Ali

    The EAAE and the Lisbon School of Architecture—A common history between 1976 and 1986
    L. Matos Silva

    A changing academic community: The faculty of architecture of the University of Lisbon
    F. Roseta & J. Sousa Morais


    Manuel Couceiro Da Costa received his PhD in Architecture / Visual Communication in 1993 at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon – FAUL. He is associate professor at FAUL, and has worked at an architectural practice since he was a student in 1971. After collaborations with several renowned portuguese ateliers he created his own, Arquétipo Atelier, in 1981. Manuel started his academic and research careers, in 1978, in both ESBAL/FAUL and Lusíada University / Lisbon (1986-2001). He was Dean of FAUL from 2010 to 2012. He has presented lectures in several conferences and universities.
    Currently Manuel is an European Association for Architectural Education (EAAE) Council Member, President of the General Assembly of the Portuguese Association of Drawing and Geometry Professors (APROGED), a representative of FAUL at the Building Portuguese Technological Platform (PTPC), and researcher at the Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design (CIAUD) / FAUL and chairman of the EAAE/ARCC International Conference – Lisbon 2016.

    Filipa Roseta is architect, author and co-editor in the fields of Architecture and Urban design, focusing on modernity, sustainability, and the changing nature of the Academy. She is Auxiliary Professor of Architectural Design at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon and researcher at CIAUD (Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design). Previous academic experience includes: PhD at the Royal College of Art (2009) with the thesis "The Modern Avenue", supported by Gulbenkian Foundation research grant, and MPhil in Contemporary Architectural Culture at FAUTL (2001).

    Joana Pestana Lages is an urban researcher at CIAUD - University of Lisbon. Since 2002 she works as an architect, freelance or for other offices, namely dRMM Architects in London, or Renzo Piano Workshop in Genoa. She is a doctoral candidate in Urbanism. Her research focuses the challenges of urban interventions on self-produced places in the search for spatial justice. She is a member of GESTUAL, an action-research group focused on the Right to The City.

    Susana Couceiro Da Costa is master architect (2007, Faculty of Architecture of the University of Lisbon – FAUL). Since then she works mainly as an architect for Portuguese, architectural offices, covering the fields of architecture, urbanism and building. Her research approach focuses in the use of cork applied to architecture.