The period around 1900 was a defining point in the history of architecture and it offers a fascinating insight into the whole development of the modern architectural movement. The intellectual debate was intense with a desire to produce innovative architecture which honoured the past and local traditions whilst using a combination of traditional and new materials. This international collection of papers examines the buildings and architects of this period and presents many fine examples of both domestic and public architecture, reflecting the diversity of ideas and influences of the time. The dialogue between tradition and modernity finds expression in the creative design and craftsmanship of the Arts and Crafts Movement and also reveals a desire to experiment with newer materials such as steel and reinforced concrete which then became more widely used after the First World War. This book will be of substantial interest to architects, architectural historians, conservation professionals and anyone studying or working with early twentieth-century buildings.
Table of Contents
An introductory perspective Alan Powers v Style and Techniques: Innovation and conservatism: steel and reinforced concrete in British architecture 1860-1905 Michael Stratton v Precedent versus principle: the search for regional expression in New Zealand domestic architecture, 1890-1916 Ian Lochhead v The search for order: Scottish architecture 1880-1914 Miles Glendinning v The Glasgow School of Art: the leading edge of technology George M. Cairns v The Slovak Contribution Dana Borutova v The architecture of the Ecole de Nancy (1884-1910): a provincial circle standing the test of itself Christian Debize v Art Nouveau and the transition to Modernism Guido Bral v Personalities and Cross-currents: Charles Francis Annesley Voysey (1857-1941) John Brandon-Jones v Great Warley Church: architecture & sculpture - body & soul Wendy Hitchmough v William Richard Lethaby and the crafts Peter Burman v Otto Wagner: Entwicklung der Vaterstadt M.P.A. Sheaffer v Eclecticism and identity: the work of William Leiper Simon Green v Philip Webb and traditional materials Shelia Kirk v Karoly Kos (1883-1977) Anthony Gall v Odon Lechner, Architect (1845-1914) Janos Gerle v Antonio Gaudi Cornet (1852-1926): a universal figure Juan Bassegoda-Nonell v Friedrich Ohmann and Prague architecture around 1900 Jindrich Vybiral v The Home: The art of building a home: the design continuum of Parker and Unwin Mervyn Miller v 'The Work of Each for the Weal of All': Bedales School and its early buildings Richard Holder v Wightwick Manor and the creation of the House Beautiful Nicholas Mander v Grey Towers: an avant garde Japonaise interior in the north of England by E.W. Godwin Martin Purslow v Home Sweet Home: New Zealand housing 1880-1914 Ann McEwan v The Urban Context: 'Imagination, magic and romance': Arts and Crafts mural decoration in Edinburgh Elizabeth Cumming v Imperial Splendours? A tale of far Cathays Philip Thomas v Calgary 1900 Lorne G. Simpson v The Quartier Allemand in Strasbourg 1871-1918: Wilhelmian architecture in a French city Leo Schmidt v Learning from Europe: the architecture of Art Nouveau in Estonia Karin Hallas v Late nineteenth-century heritage of Buenos Aires George O. Gazaneo & Gustavo A. Brandariz v National identity in modern architecture: Riga - Art Nouveau metropolis Janis Krastins v Tbilisi's turn-of-the-century architecture: the co-existence of European and traditional values Nestan Tatarashvili v Attitudes to Conservation v 'Bauhaus Osaka' in oblivion: dilemmas in conservation and restoration of a recent past Haruhiko Fujita v Crying for conservation in Rio Julio Cesar Ribeiro Sampaio v The reconstruction of two theatres of the turn-of-the-century in Hungary Tamas Konig and Peter Wagner v Great building: shame about the students! Charles Rennie Mackintosh's Glasgow School of Art Peter Trowles v Boulevard architecture in Lisbon - a conservation challenge Jose Lobo de Carvalho.