Architecture and the Language Debate
Artistic and Linguistic Exchanges in Early Modern Italy
This book examines the creative exchanges between architects, artists and intellectuals, from the Early Renaissance to the beginning of the Enlightenment, in the forging of relationships between architecture and emerging concepts of language in early modern Italy. The study extends across the spectrum of linguistic disputes during this time – among members of the clergy, humanists, philosophers and polymaths – on issues of grammar, rhetoric, philology, etymology and epigraphy, and how these disputes paralleled and informed important developments in architectural thinking and practice. Drawing upon a wealth of primary source material, such as humanist tracts, philosophical works, architectural/antiquarian treatises, epigraphic/philological studies, religious sermons and grammaticae, the book traces key periods when the emerging field of linguistics in early modern Italy impacted on the theory, design and symbolism of buildings.
Table of Contents
List of Figures About the Cover Figure Credits Acknowledgements Introduction 1. Poetic Language in the Early Renaissance (volgare versus Latin) 2. Resuscitative Language in the Late Renaissance (Antiquarianism) 3. Universal Language in the Baroque (Ethnography) 4. Pastoral Language in the Early Eighteenth-Century (Arcadianism) Conclusion Select bibliography Index
Nicholas Temple is an architect, Professor of Architecture and Director of the Centre for Urban Design, Architecture and Sustainability (CUDAS) at the University of Huddersfield. A graduate of the University of Cambridge, he previously served as head of the School of Architecture at the University of Lincoln and was an Assistant Professor of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. Temple was a Rome Scholar in Architecture at the British School at Rome, a Paul Mellon Rome Fellow and Bogliasco Fellow and has collaborated on research projects on the history and theory of architecture and urbanism in Europe and China. His most recent research is a British Academy funded project with Professor Cecilia Panti on Lorenzo Ghiberti’s Third Commentary. He was shortlisted for the International CICA Bruno Zevi Book Award in 2014 for his book Renovatio Urbis: Architecture, Urbanism and Ceremony in the Rome of Julius II (Routledge, 2011), and is chief editor of the Routledge Research in Architectural History series and co-editor of the Journal of Architecture.
"Nicholas Temple's new book is a most valuable, original and engaging fleshing out of the dry story of language, in which art and architecture is discussed and theorized from the earliest Renaissance to the passage from Rococo to Neo-Classicism." - Joseph Rykwert is the Paul Philippe Cret Professor Emeritus of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, USA, and recipient of the RIBA Gold Medal (2014).
"This fascinating book offers a timely and deeply reasoned historical critique of the misunderstandings around the notion of "architecture as writing," often taken as an argument to support the self-referential formal games affecting contemporary practices the world over. Built upon the observation that in order to matter culturally architecture must offer communicative atmospheres in its own universes of discourse, the book examines the relationships between oral language, writing, architecture and the culture of cities in Italy between the fifteenth and the eighteenth centuries. Awareness of such rich and complex relationships emerging around architecture at the root of modernity is a fertile ground to consider options for more responsive and ethical present practices." - Alberto Pérez-Gómez, Professor, McGill University, Canada and author of Attunement, Architectural Meaning after the Crisis of Modern Science (2016).
"Ut Pictura Poesis, Horace’s famous coupling of painting and poetry, is here transposed with insight and intelligence to architecture and language: Ut Architectura Poesis. Like written and verbal expression, architecture is dedicated to communication: writing on walls, emblematic figures on facades, geometry of public spaces, internal spatial configuration, and material expression can take the form of allegories, symbols, and metaphors. As built, architecture is perforce visible. We tend to forget it can also be legible, even rhetorical. Temple’s erudite and persuasive account of early modern (fifteenth — eighteenth century) Italian architecture culture reveals how buildings can give rise to thought, how they can show and say through means proper to the craft the reality and beauty of places in which we would like to live — then and now." - David Leatherbarrow, Professor of Architecture, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A