Architecture and the Modern Hospital
Nosokomeion to Hygeia
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More than any other building type in the twentieth century, the hospital was connected to transformations in the health of populations and expectations of lifespan. From the scale of public health to the level of the individual, the architecture of the modern hospital has reshaped knowledge about health and disease and perceptions of bodily integrity and security. However, the rich and genuinely global architectural history of these hospitals is poorly understood and largely forgotten.
This book explores the rapid evolution of hospital design in the twentieth century, analysing the ways in which architects and other specialists reimagined the modern hospital. It examines how the vast expansion of medical institutions over the course of the century was enabled by new approaches to architectural design and it highlights the emerging political conviction that physical health would become the cornerstone of human welfare.
Table of Contents
List of Figures Preface Acknowledgements 1. From Nosokomeion to Hygeia: Foundations of an Architecture for Health 2. Everyone’s Own "Healing Machine": The Hospital Bed 3. Knowledge, Care and Control: Nurses’ Stations and Nurses’ Homes 4. Incision and Anaesthesia: The Operating Theatre 5. Treating Outside, Looking Inside: Diagnosis and Therapy 6. Full Steam Ahead! Servicing the Modern Hospital 7. Health, Hygiene and Progress: Designing the Hospital of Tomorrow 8. Health City, Healing Landscapes and the Hospital Campus 9. The Modern Hospital: The Rise, Fall and Rise Again of Architecture
Julie Willis is Professor of Architecture and Dean of the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne, Australia. She is a distinguished architectural scholar, with expertise in Australian architectural history of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Her current research examines the transmission and translation of architectural knowledge through professional networks in architecture. Major works include the Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture (2012, with Philip Goad) and, with Kate Darian-Smith, the recently published edited collection Designing Schools: Space, Place and Pedagogy (Routledge, 2017).
Philip Goad is Redmond Barry Distinguished Professor and Chair of Architecture at the Faculty of Architecture, Building and Planning at the University of Melbourne, Australia. He is an architect and architectural historian, and is renowned for his extensive scholarship on modern Australian architecture. His current research examines the role and influence of the Bauhaus on Australian architecture. His most recent book, with Geoffrey London and Conrad Hamann, is An Unfinished Experiment in Living: Australian Houses 1950–65 (2017).
Cameron Logan is Senior Lecturer and Director of Heritage Conservation at the Sydney School of Architecture, Design and Planning at the University of Sydney, Australia. His work is concerned with civic culture, public architecture and the political, architectural and urban implications of heritage conservation practice. He is the author of Historic Capital: Preservation, Race and Real Estate in Washington, DC (2017).