Architecture and the Modern Hospital Nosokomeion to Hygeia
More than any other building type in the twentieth century, the hospital was connected to transformations in the health of populations and expectations of lifespan. From the scale of public health to the level of the individual, the architecture of the modern hospital has reshaped knowledge about health and disease and perceptions of bodily integrity and security. However, the rich and genuinely global architectural history of these hospitals is poorly understood and largely forgotten.
This book explores the rapid evolution of hospital design in the twentieth century, analysing the ways in which architects and other specialists reimagined the modern hospital. It examines how the vast expansion of medical institutions over the course of the century was enabled by new approaches to architectural design and it highlights the emerging political conviction that physical health would become the cornerstone of human welfare.
List of Figures Preface Acknowledgements 1. From Nosokomeion to Hygeia: Foundations of an Architecture for Health 2. Everyone’s Own "Healing Machine": The Hospital Bed 3. Knowledge, Care and Control: Nurses’ Stations and Nurses’ Homes 4. Incision and Anaesthesia: The Operating Theatre 5. Treating Outside, Looking Inside: Diagnosis and Therapy 6. Full Steam Ahead! Servicing the Modern Hospital 7. Health, Hygiene and Progress: Designing the Hospital of Tomorrow 8. Health City, Healing Landscapes and the Hospital Campus 9. The Modern Hospital: The Rise, Fall and Rise Again of Architecture