In May 2013, China, India, Japan, Singapore and South Korea (Asia 5) were given status as permanent observers in the Arctic Council. It was a symbolic and significant moment in the history of Arctic affairs. The list of stakeholders in the Arctic has now expanded to include both the Arctic littoral states and the five Asian states. The drivers and policies of these stakeholders on the Arctic vary, but research on climate change, possible changes to the global energy and minerals markets, adherence to international norms like the UNCLOS, and geopolitical considerations are issues of concern.
This volume is based on the reviewed, revised and updated versions of papers presented at the roundtable on The Geopolitics of the Arctic: Commerce, Governance and Policy hosted by the Institute for Defense Studies and Analyses (IDSA) in New Delhi in September, 2013, in joint co-operation with the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI), the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies (IFS) and Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).We hope that this book, with some compelling perspectives on a number of challenging issues, will help engage the policy community to identify and explore opportunities for international cooperation in the Arctic.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Strategic Analysis.
Uttam Kumar Sinha and Jo Inge Bekkevold
1. Asian Stakes and Arctic Governance
Olav Schram Stokke
2. The Northern Sea Route: Smooth Sailing Ahead?
3. The Polar Code and Arctic Navigation
4. Arctic: The Next Great Game in Energy Geopolitics?
Shebonti Ray Dadwal
5. Norway’s High North Policy and New Asian Stakeholders
Jo Inge Bekkevold and Kristine Offerdal
6. Russia’s China Policy in the Arctic
7. Russia’s Strategic Concerns in the Arctic and its impact on Japan-Russia relations: From a Japanese View
8. Arctic and India: Strategic Awareness and Scientific Engagement
Uttam Kumar Sinha and Arvind Gupta
9. The Maritime Tiger: Exploring South Korea’s Interests and Role in the ArcticMia M. Bennett
10. The Legal Regime of the Arctic and India’s Role and Options
11. China’s Role in Arctic Affairs in the Context of Global Governance
12. Overview of Korea’s Arctic Policy Development
Jong Deog Kim